The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Benedict XIII (1724-1730)
Consistory of April 30, 1728 (VIII)
Celebrated in Rome


(22) 1. GOTTI, O.P., Vincenzo Ludovico (1664-1742)

Birth. September 7 (or 5), 1664, Bologna. Son of Giacomo Gotti, professor of law at the University of Bologna, and Clara Caparda.

Education. Received his early education at the Piarist school in Bologna; and studied rhetoric with the Jesuits. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), in the convent of Bologna in 1680; studied in the Dominican houses of formation in Bologna, Ancona and Forli; then, at the Dominican convent of Salamanca, Spain; and later, at the University of Salamanca, whre he obtained a master's degree in theology; offered the chair of theology in that university, he declined; he returned to Italy in 1688.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1688, by Antonio de Monroy e Yjar, archbishop of Santiago de Compostela. Professor of theology, Dominican convent of Mantua, 1688. Shortly after, professor of philosophy in the Dominican Collegio S. Tommaso, convent of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome. He also taught at the convents in Padua and Faenza. Professor of public theology at the University of Bologna in 1695; professor of polemical theology from 1695 to 1714 and from 1717 to -1728. Prior of the Dominican convent of Bologna in 1708; re-elected in 1714. Provincial superior of Lombardy in 1710 and in 1721-1723. Inquisitor general of the faith in Milan (accepted the position against his will) on August 9, 1715; occupied the post until 1717. Regent general of studies of his order in Bologna. Prior of the Dominican convent of Bologna, again, in 1720.

Episcopate. Elected titular patriarch of Jersualem, April 29, 1728. Consecrated, May 16,1728, Dominican church, Bologna, by Giacomo Boncompagni, archbishop of Bologna, assisted by Tommaso Torelli, bishop of Forlì, and by Tommaso Cervioni, bishop of Faenza.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of April 30, 1728; the pope sent him the red biretta with and apostolic brief dated May 3, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Pancrazio, June 14, 1728. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals from January 17, 1735 until February 27, 1736. Opted for the title of S. Sisto, September 26, 1738. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. He wrote and publsied numerous works <1>; at the moment of his death, he was writing a commentary of the Genesis, which was never published.

Death. September 18, 1742, at 5:30 a.m., in his room next to the church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome. His body was transferred to that church the following day in the afternoon. The capella papalis took place on September 20, 1742 in that same church. In the evening, he was translated to his title of S. Sisto and buried there. His tomb has a simple inscription that he himself composed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 232-235; Notizie per l'anno bissestile 1752. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1752, p. 122, no. 8; Ricchini, Tommaso Agostino. De vita et studiis Fratris Vincenzo Ludovico Gotti OP. Romae : Ex typographia Palladis, excudebant Nicolaus, et Marcus Palearini, 1742; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 38, 49 and 220; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 49 and 56.

Webgraphy. Biography by Dario Busolini, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 58 (2002), Treccani; biography by Charles Callan, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his portrait and biography, in English, revolvy.com; engravings, Araldica Vaticana; biography in "Histoire des hommes illustres de l'Ordre de saint Dominique" (1749), VI, 640-687, by Antoine Touron, in French; his portrait, Archivio Storico, Università di Bologna; his portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

(1) Among his publsihed works are:
-Veritas Religionis Christianae et librorum quibus innititur contra Atheos, Polytheos, Idolatros, Mahometanos et Judaeos demonstrata, Romæ, 1735-40;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem Divi Thomæ Aquinatis, Venetiis : ex typographia Balleoniana, 1793;
-De eligenda inter dissidentes Christianos sententia liber, Romae : Rochi, 1734;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1727-1735;
-Colloquia theologico-polemica in tres classes distributa: in prima sacrorum ministrorum caelibatus, in secunda Romanorum Pontificum auctoritas in conciliis et definitionibus, in tertia aliae Catholicae veritates propugnantur. Adjectis Gregorii VII. vindiciis adversus Jacobi Picenini Concordiam matrimonii cum ministerio, Bononiae, ex Typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomae Aquinatis, 1727;
-La vera Chiesa di Cristo dimostrata da'segni e dai dogmi, contro i due libri di Giacomo Picenino, intitolati, Apologia per i Reformatori e per la Religione Riformata, e Trionfo della vera Religione, Bologna, 1719;
-Vera Ecclesia Christi signis ac dogmatibus demonstrata, contra Jacobi Picenini apologiam pro reformatoribus, et Religione Reformata ab ejus religionis triumphum opus V.L.G. Latinis litteris consignatum a Fr. Vincentius Thomas Covi, Venetiis, 1750;
-Vera Ecclesia Christi signis ac dogmatibus demonstrata contra Jacobi Picenini Apologiam pro Reformatoribus, et Religione Reformata, atque ejus Religionis Triumphum, Venetiis Ex Typographia Balleoniana MDCCLXIII;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / V, In primam partem de Deo creatore, & de angelis, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1728;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / VII, In primam secundæ partis de ultimo fine, seu beatitudine hominis, de actibus humanis & de virtutibus, & donis, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1729;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / X, In secundam secundæ partis de fide theologica, de infidelitate, de spe theologica, & de caritate, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1731;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / VI, In primam partem de homine, & ejus statibus, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1729;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / IV, In primam partem de prædestinatione, & trinitate, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1727;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XVI, In supplementum tertiæ partis de statu animæ post hanc vitam, de fine mundi, & de judicio universali, & consequentibus ipsum, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1735;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XV, In tertiam partem de sacramentis extremæ unctionis, ordinis, & matrimonio, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1734;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XI, In secundam secundæ partis de jure, & justitia, & de restitutione, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1731;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / IX, In primam secundæ partis de divina gratia, de justificatione peccatoris, & de merito justi, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1730;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XII, In tertiam partem de Deo incarnato, de scientia animæ Christi, et de gratia Christi, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1732;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XIV, In tertiam partem de eucharistia, pœnitentia, censuris, & indulgentiis, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1733;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / II, In primam partem de Deo, attributis, & visione Dei, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1727;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / VIII, In primam secundæ partis de vitiis, & peccatis, & de legibus, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1730;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / XIII, In tertiam partem de sacramentis in generali, de baptismo, & de confirmatione, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1733;
-Theologia scholastico-dogmatica juxta mentem D. Thomæ Aquinatis ad usum discipulorum ejusdem Angelici Præceptoris accommodata per F. Vincentium Ludovicum Gotti / III, In primam partem de scientia, & voluntate Dei, Bononiæ : Ex typographia Bononiensi Sancti Thomæ Aquinatis, 1727;
-De eligenda inter dissentientes Christianos sententia liber adversus Joannem Clericum, reformatae, ut ajunt, religionis hominem, [Nagyszombat] Tyrnaviae : typis academicis Soc. Jesu, 1746;
-De eligenda inter dissentientes christianos sententia seu de vera inter christianos religione eligenda liber adversus Joannem Clericum reformatae, ut ajunt, religionis hominem, Romae : Rochi Bernabó, 1734.

Cool Archive

(23) 2. PORZIA, O.S.B.Cas., Leandro di (1673-1740)

Birth. December 22, 1673, Porzia, fiefdom of his family in Friuli, patriarchate of Aquileia. Son of Count Fulvio di Porcia and Laura di Maniago, niece of Cardinal Leandro Colloredo, Orat. (1686), on her mother's side. His last name is also listed as Porcia; and as Portia.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict Cassinese in the monastery of Santa Giustina, Padua, 1693; took the name Egidio. Obtained a doctorate in theology, April 1, 1697; he also had doctorates in Scholastic and dogmatic philosophy.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1696. Lector of dogmatic theology at the University of Padua; lector of theology in the monastery of S. Callisto, Rome. Consultor of the SS.CC. of Indulgences and Relics, Apostolic Visit, and the Index. Consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office, September 1722. Prior and later, in 1722, abbot of the Benedictine monastery of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome; blessed by the pope assisted by the abbots of Monte Cassino and Casamare. Participated in the Lateran synod, 1725. Permission was granted to him and his successors to confer the sacrament of confirmation and the minor orders to the monks of his monastery and to the subjects of the castles and lands of the same. Theologian of Pope Innocent XIII. Consultor of the Holy Office. In 1726, Pope Benedict XIII named him member of the commission charged with examining the twelve articles of Cardinal Louis-Antoine de Noailles, archbishop of Paris, concerning the papal bull Unigenitus Dei Filius against the Jansenists.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Bergamo, April 12, 1728. Consecrated, May 2, 1728, Rome, by Pope Benedict XIII, assisted by Francesco Scipione Maria Borghese, titular archbishop of Traianopoli di Rodope, and by Nicola Saverio Santamaria, titular bishop of Cirene. He took possession of the diocese by procurator, Canon Giampaolo Giupponi, vicar general; but never went to occupy it.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni, May 10, 1728. He wrote his first pastoral letter to the faithful of Bergamo on May 11, 1728 (1). Opted for the title of S. Callisto, September 20, 1728. Protector of the Benedictine Congregation of monks Guglielmiti, January 29, 1729. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII; he had to be absent because of illness from April 24 to 30; and from June 21 to July 11. Resigned the government of the diocese, November 18, 1730. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, February 27, 1736 until February 11, 1737. Prefect of the S.C. of the Index from January 1740 until his death. Died during the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. Abbot commendatario of Rosazzo.

Death. June 2, 1740, near sunset, in his Roman palace, during the conclave. Exposed and buried in his title, S. Callisto.

Bibliograohy. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 235-236; Dentella, Lorenzo. I vescovi di Bergamo. (Notizie storica). Bergamo : Editrice Sant'Alessandro, 1939, p. 410-415-417; Notizie per l'anno 1736. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1736, p. 183; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 38, 45, 46 and 118; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 56.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; engravings, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait, Beni Culturali, diocesi di Bergamo; his portrait by Pietro Urbani, end ot the 20th century, Beni Culturali, diocesi di Bergamo; his tomb, Requiem Datenbak.

(1) According to Dentella, I vescovi di Bergamo, p. 417, the letter, written in Rome, begins with the following words: Leander Tituli S. Hieronimi Illirici Presbiter Cardinalis Ordinis S. Benedicti Congregationis Cassinensi Episcopus Begromensis Dilectissimo Clero et Populo salutem.
(2) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, taken from Requiem Datenbank, linked above:

D.O.M.
LEANDRO EX COMITIBUS DE PORCIA S.R.E. CARDINALI
COENOBII PATAVINI . IUSTINAE MONACHO CASSINENSI
S . PAULI EXTRA MOENIA ABBATI BENEMERENTISSIMO
VIRO DOCTRINA CONSILIO DEXTERITATE SPECTABILI
CLEMENTE XI INNOCENTIO XIII
INDICIS INDVLGENTIAR VISITAT . APLICAE . S . OFFICII
CONGREGATIONVM CONSVLTORI
A BENEDICTO XIII
EPISCOPO BERGOMENSI ET CARDINALI RENVNCIATO
A CLEMENTE XII
GRAVIORIBVS SEDIS ROMANAE NEGOTIIS ADHIBITO
INDICIS PRAEFECTVRA AVCTO
QVEM
PVBLICO BONO PROCVRANDO
XENODOCHII S. SPVS IN SAXIA AFFLICTIS REB . RESTITVEN.
DILIGENTIA ROBORE ANIMI ADLABORANTEM
INTEMPESTIVA MORS RAPVIT
IV IDVS IVNII ANNO AETAT . LXVI MENS VI DIEB XVIII
IOHANNES ARTICVS ET WILLELMVS PORCIAE COMITES
FRATRES AMANTISSIMI POSVERE
ANNO CHRISTI MDCCXL

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