(10) 1. LATIL, Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Anne-Antoine de (1761-1839)
Birth. March 6, 1761, Island of Sainte-Marguerite, diocese of Fréjus, France. Son of Antoine de Latil and Gabrielle-Thérèse de Magny.
Education. Saint-Sulpice Seminary, Paris.
Priesthood. Ordained, 1784. Pastoral work in the parish of Saint-Sulpice, Paris. Vicar general of the diocese of Vence. Refused obedience to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy of 1791 and left France. Returned in 1792; arrested and imprisoned in Montfort-l'Amaury; freed, he went to Dusseldorf, Germany, where he preached and did pastoral work; later went to England. In 1805 he was named almoner ordinary of Prince Charles-Philippe of France, count of Artois, future King Charles X and brother of future King Louis XVIII; became grand almoner in 1814.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Amiclea, March 8, 1816. Consecrated, Palm Sunday April 7, 1816, chapel of Lorette, Issy, by François de Pierre de Bernis, former archbishop of Albi, assisted by Jean-Baptiste Du Chilleau, bishop of Chalon, and by Jean de Coucy, bishop of La Rochelle. Transferred to the see of Chartres, October 1, 1817; did not occupy the post until 1821. Count-peer of France, October 31, 1822. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Reims, July 12, 1824. Duke-pair of France, 1824. Counselor of State. Knight commander of the Order of Saint-Esprit, May 12, 1825. Crowned King Charles X on May 29, 1825 in the cathedral of Reims.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 13, 1826; received the red hat, May 18, 1829; and the title of S. Sisto, May 21, 1829. Participated in the conclave of 1829, which elected Pope Pius VIII. Did not participate in the conclave of 1830-1831, which elected Pope Gregory XVI. After the fall of King Charles X, accompanied him to England and Germany and governed the archdiocese through vicars general. Returned to France in mid-1839 but not to the archdiocese, residing in Provence.
Death. December 1, 1839, Gémenos, near Marseille. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Reims.
Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 1127-1228; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 371-372; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 521-523; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 19, 44, 72, 134 and 322.
Webgraphy. Biography, in French; painting of the coronation of King Charles X of France by François Gerard, Palais du Thau, Reims, France; and biographical data in French.
(11) 2. CIENFUEGOS Y JOVELLANOS, Francisco Javier de (1776-1847)
Birth. March 12, 1776, Oviedo, Spain. Nephew of Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, famous writer and politician; and also nephew of Alonso Marcos de Llanes, archbishop of Sevilla.
Education. Studied at the University of Sevilla (licentiate, September 26, 1794; doctorate in law, September 29, 1794).
Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). In the archdiocese of Sevilla, racionero, May 31, 1787; canon of its cathedral chapter, December 16, 1790; professor of the University of Sevilla, 1814, and later rector; provisor and vicar general, 1817.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cádiz, June 4, 1819. Consecrated, Sunday, August 22, 1819, Sevilla, by Romualdo Mon y Velarde, archbishop of Sevilla, assisted by Manuel Cayetano Muñoz Benavente, titular bishop of Licopoli, auxiliary of Sevilla, and by Miguel Fernández Flórez, O.F.M., titular bishop of Marcopoli, auxiliary of Sevilla. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, November 30, 1819. Counselor of State, 1823. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Sevilla, December 20, 1824. Counselor of State, February 18, 1823.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 13, 1826; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria del Popolo, February 28, 1831. Did not participate in the conclave of 1829, which elected Pope Pius VIII. Did not participate in the conclave of 1830-1831, which elected Pope Gregory XVI. After the death of King Ferdinand VII and the breaking of diplomatic relations with the Holy See in 1835, was banned to Alicante. Although the ban was lifted on January 25, 1844, because of his advanced age and poor health he never returned to Sevilla. As compensation for his exile, he was named senator. Did not participate in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX.
Death. June 21, 1847, Alicante. Exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Sevilla and buried in the chapel of the Immaculate Conception (or San Pablo), adjacent to the Capilla Real, in that cathedral (1).
Bibliography. Guitarte Izquierdo, Vidal. Episcopologio Español (1700-1867. Españoles obispos en España, América, Filipinas y otros países. Rome : Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica, 1992. (Publicaciones del Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica; Subsidia, 29), p. 165; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 249-250; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 19, 43, 200 and 217.
Webgraphy. Biography by Manuel de Abol-Brasón y Álvarez-Tamargo, in Spanish, Diccionario Biográfico Español; his sepulchre in the metropolitan cathedral of Sevilla, last on the page; El Sepulcro Neogótico del Cardenal Cienfuegos en la Catedral de Sevilla y la Crítica de Gestoso a su "Concepto Artístico" by Álvaro Recio Mir, Universidad de Sevilla, in Laboratorio de Arte 21 (2008-2009), 219-239; engraving and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Recio Mir, El Sepulcro Neogótico del Cardenal Cienfuegos, p. 24:
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