The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846)
Consistory of June 19, 1843 (XXI)

(63) 1. SARAIVA, O.S.B., Francisco de São Luiz (1766-1845)

Birth. January 26, 1766, Ponte de Lima, archdiocese of Braga, Portugal. His baptismal name was Francisco Manuel Justiniano.

Education. Entered the Order of St. Benedict, April 6, 1780, in the monastery of S. Martinho, Tibães; changed his name to Francisco de São Luiz; professed, January 28, 1782; Monastery of S. André, Rendufe (philosophy); convent Nossa Senhora da Estrela, Lisboa (literaure); University of Coimbra, Coimbra (doctorate in theology, July 3, 1792).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 7, 1789. Professor of the University of Coimbra. Secretary of his order, 1798. Abbot of the Benedictine school of Coimbra, 1804. Visitor major of his order, 1807 and 1814; chronicler of his order, 1810. Fought the French army during the invasion of 1808. Joined the Sinédrio and was a leading member of the Provisional Junta, 1820. Deputy in the Junta of Government established in Alcobaça, September 27, 1820. Member of the council of regency appointed by the Cortes, January 26, 1821. Member of the Academy of Science of Lisbon. It has been said that he was a Mason with the symbolic name of Condorcet.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Dura and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Coimbra, April 19, 1822. Succeeded to the see after the death of its bishop, Francisco de Lemos de Faria Pereira Coutinho, on April 16, 1822. Consecrated, September 15, 1822, at the cathedral of Coimbra, by Vicente da Soledade de Castro, O.S.B., archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, assisted by two Benedictine abbots. Rector of the University of Coimbra. Member of the Chamber of Deputies, 1823. Resigned pastoral government of the diocese, April 30, 1824. President of the Chamber of Deputies (Cortes), 1826 and in 1834. Exiled in Serra de Ossa, 1828-1834. Minister of Interior in the government of Palmela, September 24, 1834 to February 16, 1835. Named to the patriarchate of Lisbon by the Portuguese government, 1840 (diplomatic relations with the Holy See were broken); preconized, April 3, 1843.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 19, 1843; never received the red hat and the title.

Death. May 7, 1845, at 6 a.m., Lisbon. Exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Lisbon and buried in the crypt of the patriarchs in the monastery of São Vicente de Fora (1). In his hometwon, Ponte de Lima, a weekly journal named "Cardeal Saraiva" was launched in 1910, and although it does not carry any particular relgious creed, it continues to circulate to this day with the same name. On March 4, 2008, in his native hometown, a statue was inaugurated in his memory.

Bibliography. Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 33, 155, 182 and 342.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Portuguese, under "São Luís, Frei Francisco de"; brief biography, in Os Cardeais Portugueses, in Portuguese, patriarcado de Lisboa.

(1) This is the inscription on his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:


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(64) 2. CADOLINI, C.R.S.P., Antonio Maria (1771-1851)

Birth. July 10, 1771, Ancona. From a noble family. Youngest of the four children of Cesare Cadolini and Vittoria Nembrini Gonzaga. The other siblings were Giuseppe (canon of the cathedral chapter of Ancona), Lorenzo (who married Maria, of the counts Milesi Ferretti), and Luigi (canon and rector of the Episcopal Seminary of Ancona). Cousin of Cardinal Cesare Nembrini Pironi Gonzaga (1829). His first name is also listed as Anton.

Education. Studied at Collegio of Recanati (humanities); and at the Seminary of Ancona (theology); entered the Congregation of the Clerics Regular of St. Paul (Barnabites) in November 1792. In 1793 he was sent to Turin.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 19, 1794, in Turin. He taught rhetoric at Collegio dei Nobili in Turin until 1798. From 1800 to 1804, also taught rhetoric in Macertata, beginning to be known as a sacred orator. Transferred to Rome with the charge of annalist of his Order, between 1805 and 1821 he was called to preach in the major Italian cities. After spending the years 1810-1814 in Ancona after the Order's dissolution, he returned to Rome and began a fortunate career: since 1816 he was among the four Assistants of the Barnabite General; the following year he was named consultants of the S.C. of the Index; in 1819, he was elected episcopal examiner; and in 1820, consultant of the Holy Office.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cesena, April 19, 1822. Consecrated, April 21, 1822, in the church of Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Saverio Castiglioni, bishop of Frascati, assisted by Francesco Bertazzoli, titular archbishop of Edessa, and by Antonio Piatti, titular archbishop of Trebisonda. Transferred to the see of Ancona e Numana, February 12, 1838.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 19, 1843; received the red hat and the title of S. Clemente, June 22, 1843. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX.

Death. August 1, 1851, Ancona. Exposed and buried in the cathedral of Ancona.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 188-189; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 33, 40, 73 and 124; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), III, 145.

Webgraphy. Biography by Renzo Paci, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 16 (1973), Treccani; his portrait and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his engraving, portrait and arms as a bishop, Araldica Vaticana.

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