The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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Pope Francis (2013-
Consistory of February 14, 2015 (II)

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(20) 1. Dominique Mamberti, titular archbishop of Sagona, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.
(21) 2. Manuel José Macáio do Nascimento Clemente, patriarch of Lisbon (Portugal).
(22) 3. Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel, C.M., archbishop of Addis Abeba of the Ethiopians (Ethiopia).
(23) 4. John Atcherley Dew, archbishop of Wellington (New Zealand).
(24) 5. Edoardo Menichelli, archbishop of Ancona-Osimo (Italy).
(25) 6. Pierre Nguyễn Van Nhơn, archbishop of Hà Nội (Việt Nam).
(26) 7. Alberto Suárez Inda, archbishop of Morelia (México).
(27) 8. Charles Maung Bo, S.D.B., archbishop of Yangon (Myanmar).
(28) 9. Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij, archbishop of Bangkok (Thailand).
(29) 10. Francesco Montenegro, archbishop of Agrigento (Italy).
(30) 11. Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet, S.D.B., archbishop of Montevideo (Uruguay).
(31) 12. Ricardo Blázquez Pérez, archbishop of Valladolid (Spain).
(32) 13. José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán, O.A.R., bishop of David (Panamá).
(33) 14. Arlindo Gomes Furtado, bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde (Archipelago of Cabo Verde).
(34) 15. Soane Patita Paini Mafi, bishop of Tonga (Island of Tonga).

Besides, the pope is going to create cardinals five bishops and archbishops emeritus who are older than eighty years and will not be able to participate in the conclave. They are:

(35) 1. José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez, archbishop emeritus of Manizales (Colombia).
(36) 2. Luigi De Magistris, titular archbishop of Nova, pro-penitentiary major emeritus.
(37) 3. Karl-Joseph Rauber, titular archbishop of Giubalziana, apostolic nuncio.
(38) 4. Luis Héctor Villalba, archbishop emeritus of Tucumán (Argentina).
(39) 5. Júlio Duarte Langa, bishop emeritus of Xai-Xai (Moçambique).

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(20) 1. MAMBERTI, Dominique
(1952-

Birth. March 7, 1952, Marrakesh, Morocco, to a Corsican family, where his father, a French defense official, was then assigned. An only son, he grew up in Vico, a town of 1,000 on the island of Corsica. His baptismal name is Dominique François Joseph.

Education. He studied law at the University of Strasbourg and the University of Paris; after ordination, he was sent by his bishop to study canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University; and also studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy; while in Rome, he resided at the Pontifical French Seminary. He speaks French, Italian, English, and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 20, 1981, by Jean-Charles Thomas, bishop of Ajaccio, France. Incardinated in the diocese of Ajaccio. Further studies in Rome. He entered the Holy See's diplomatic service on March 1, 1986. Attaché and later secretary at the apostolic delegations in Algeria and Lybia, 1986-1990; and in the pro-nunciature in Tunisia, 1986-1990. Chaplain of His Holiness, March 21, 1987. Secretary of the nunciature in Chile, 1990-1993. Auditor and later counselor at the Holy See's office at United Nations headquarters in New York, 1993-1997. Counselor at the nunciatures in Lebanon and Kuwait and at the apostolic delegation at the Arabian Peninsula, 1997-1998. Counselor of nunciature second class, and later first class, in the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State, 1998-2002. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, October 15, 1998.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Sagona and appointed nuncio to Sudan and apostolic delegate to Somalia, May 18, 2002. Consecrated, July 3, 2002, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Albano, secretary of State, assisted by Robert Sarah, archbishop emeritus of Conakry, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, and by André Jean-René-Lacrampe, Istituto del Prado, bishop of Ajaccio. His episcopal motto is Eritis mihi testes. Named nuncio to Eritrea on February 19, 2004; at the same time, he ceased as apostolic delegate to Somalia. On September 15, 2006, he was named secretary for the Relations with the States of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Permanent Interdicasterial Commission for the Church in Eastern Europe. On February 5, 2007, he was awarded the knight grand cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. During his eight years hat he was secretary for Relations with States, he articulated the Holy See's position on numerous issues, including the right to life, religious liberty, nuclear weapons, climate change, and human trafficking. In 2011, while speaking to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, he called for the institution of an international day against the persecution of Christians. He is considered an expert on the Islamic world. Named prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature on November 8, 2014. Decorated with the Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle in grade of band on January 22, 2015. It is the highest recognition from the Mexican government.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Spirito in Sassia on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Council of Cardinals and Bishops of the Section of Relations with the States of the Secretariat of State; of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments; and of the Congregation of the Causes of the Saints. Named president of the Commission for Lawyers on April 28, 2015. Took possession of his deaconry on May 10, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in Italian, Bulletin of the Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian, Cathopedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Statement by H.E. Msgr. Dominique Mamberti at the 19th meeting of the Council of Ministers of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Dublin, 6-7 December 2012, news.va; Interview of Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, Secretary for the Holly See's Relations with States to Vatican Radio, regarding the Church freedom and institutional autonomy with reference to two cases before the European Court of Human Rights, Rome, Wednesday, 16 January 2013, vatican.va; Dominique Mamberti recibe la más alta condecoración de México, Rome Reports, 2015-01-27.


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(21) 2. CLEMENTE, Manuel José Macário do Nascimento
(1948-

Birth. July 16, 1948, São Pedro e São Tiago, Concelho of Torres Vedras, patriarchate of Lisbon, Portugal. He is the third of the four children of Francisco Clemente, a slightly believer industrial, and Maria Sofia, a Catholic activist.

Education. After finishing his secondary studies, he frequented the Faculty of Letters of Lisbon, where he obtained a licentiate in history. Entered the Major Seminary dos Olivais in 1973. In 1979, he obtained a licentiate in theology at the Portuguese Catholic University, obtaining a doctorate in historical theology in 1992 with a thesis entitled "Nas origens do apostolado contemporãneo em Portugal. A «Sociedade Católica» (1843-1853)". From 1975, he taught church history at the Portuguese Catholic University.

Priesthood. June 29, 1979, by António Ribeiro, patriarch of Lisbon. Coadjutor of the parishes of Torres Vedras and Runa (1980). Member of the Team of Formation of the Major Seminary dos Olivais (1980-1989). Vice-rector of the Major Seminary dos Olivais (1989-1997); its rector (from 1997). Member of the patriarchal chapter of Lisbon from 1989. Coordinator of the Presbyteral Council of the Patriarchate of Lisbon from 1996. Coordinator of the Preparatory Commission of the Jubilar Assembly of the Presbyterate for the Year 2000. Promotor of the Pastoral of Culture in the Portuguese Episcopal Conference from April 11, 2002. President of the Episcopal Commission of Culture, da Comissão Episcopal da Cultura, Cultural Heritage and Social Communications (2005-2011). Vice-president of the Portuguese Episcopal Conference from 2011. Member of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications from 2011. He habitually collaborates in the programs "Ecclesia' (RTP2) and 'Dia do Senhor' of Rádio Renascença.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Pinhel and appointed auxiliary of Lisbon, November 6, 1999. Consecrated, January 22, 2000, at the basilica of the Jerónimos, Lisbon, by José da Cruz Policarpo, patriarch of Lisboa, assisted by Manuel Franco da Costa de Oliveira Falcão, bishop emeritus of Beja, and by Albino Mamede Cleto, bishop coadjutor of Coimbra. His episcopal motto is In Lumine Tuo. Director of the Center of Studies of Religious History of the Portuguese Catholic University (2001-2007). Transferred to the see of Porto, February 22, 2007. In 2009, he received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the Prémio Pessoa. In 2010, he was decorated by the president of the Republic of Brazil, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, with the grand cross of the Order of Christ. Decorated with the Municipal Medal of Honor of the City of on April 25, 2011. Promoted to the patriarchate of Lisbon on May 18, 2013. Took possession of his see on July 6, 2013 in the patriarchal cathedral of Santa Maria Maior. The solemn entrance in the patriarchate took place on the following day, July 7, in the church of the monastery of the Jerónimos. He is the 17th patriarch of Lisbon. He is officially referred to as Manuel III, Patriarch of Lisbon. On June 19, 2013, he was elected president of the Portuguese Episcopal Conference. He received the pallium from Pope Francis on June 29, 2013 at the papal Vatican basilica. In December 2013, he received the grand cross Pro Piis Meritis of the Sovereign and Military Order of Malta. A prolific writer, he has published numerous works, books and articles, in theology, history and pastoral (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Antonio in Campo Marzio on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Clergy; and of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications. Took possession of his title on June 14, 2015. On April 8, 2017, the pope named him special papal envoy to the first National Eucharistic Congress of Angola programmed for Huambo from June 12 to 18, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Portuguese, patriarchate of Lisbon; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; D. Manuel Clemente: 'O homem certo, na hora certa' by Catarina Guerreiro, in Portuguese, Sol; D. Manuel Clemente: Pioneiro no YouTube by Catarina Guerreiro, in Portuguese, Sol; Patriarca: D. Manuel Clemente recorda entrada no seminário «quando toda a gente estava a sair de lá», Agêcia Ecclesia; D. Manuel Clemente - Bispo do Porto, in Portuguese, diocese of Porto; photograph and biography, in Norwegian, Den Katolske Kirke; Manuel Clemente tomou posse como patriarca de Lisboa, video, tvi 24, 2013-07-06 11:51.

(1) These are some of his books and studies on history, theology and pastoral published in specialty journals:
- O tempo pede uma Nova Evangelização. Paulinas, 2013;
- Igreja e Sociedade Portuguesa do Liberalismo à República. Porto, Assírio & Alvim, 2012;
- O tempo pede uma Nova Evangelização. Paulinas, 2013;
- É este o tempo - A experiência da Missão. Lisboa, Pedra Angular, 2011;
- Diálogo em Tempo de Escombros - Uma Conversa sobre Portugal, o Mundo e a Igreja Católica. Lisboa, Pedra da Lua, 2010 (co-author José Manuel Fernandes);
- 1810 - 1910 - 2010; Datas e Desafíos. Lisboa, Assírio & Alvim, 2009;
- Um Só Propósito. Homilias e Escritos Pastorais. Lisboa, Pedra Angular, 2009;
- Portugal e os Portugueses. Lisboa, Assírio & Alvim, 2008;
- Os Papas do séc. XX. Lisboa, Paulus, 2007;
- Igreja e Sociedade Portuguesa do Liberalismo à República. Lisboa, Grifo, 2002;
- A Igreja no tempo. Lisboa, Grifo, 2000;
- ESPÍRITO e espírito na história ocidental - os despistes da esperança. In As razões da nossa esperança. A caminho do terceiro milénio. Lisboa, Rei dos Livros, 1998;
- Das prelaturas políticas às prelaturas pastorais: o caso de Pinhel. In Lusitania Sacra. Segunda série. Lisboa, 8-9, 1996-1997;
- Milenarismos. In Creio na vida eterna. Lisboa: Rei dos livros, 1996;
- Sínodos em Portugal: um esboço históico. In Estudos Teológicos. Coímbra. 1, 1996;
- As paróquias de Lisboa em tempo de liberalismo. In Didaskalia. Lisboa, 25, 1995;
- Os Seminários de Lisboa. In Novellae Olivarum. Nova série. Lisboa, 8, 1994;
- Universidade Católica Portuguesa: uma realização de longas expectativas. In Lusitania Sacra, Segunda série. Lisboa, 6, 1994;
- A sociedade portuguesa à data da publicação da Rerum Novarum: o sentimento católico. In Lusitanis Sacra. Segunda série. Lisboa, 6, 1994;
- Igreja e sociedade portuguesa do Liberalismo à República. In Didaskalia. Lisboa, 24, 1994;
- Nas origens do apostolado contemporâneo em Portugal, A "Sociedade Católica" (1843-1853). Braga, 1993;
- Cristandade e secularidade. In A salvação em Jesus Cristo. Lisboa, Rei dos Livros, 1993;
- Fé, razão e conhecimento de Deus no Vaticano I e no Vaticano II. In Communio. Lisboa, 10:6, 1993;
- A Igreja e o Liberalismo. Um desafio e uma primeira resposta. Communio. Lisboa, 9:6, 1992;
- Laicização da sociedade e afirmação do laicado em Portugal (1820-1840). In Lusitania Sacra, Segunda série. Lisboa, 3, 1991;
- O Congresso católico do Porto (1871-1872) e a emergência do laicado em Portugal. In Lusitania Sacra, Segunda série. Lisboa, 1, 1989;
- Cardeal Cerejeira: Pensamento, coração e relação com o poder. In Novellae Olivarum. Nova série. Lisboa, 15, 1989;
- Clericalismo e anticlericalismo na cultura portuguesa. In Reflexão Cristã. Lisboa, 53, 1987;
- Reflexões sobre os 50 anos da Acção Católica Portuguesa. In Novellae Olivarum. Nova série. Lisboa, 8, 1984;
- Católicos, Estado e Sociedade no Portugal oitocentista (congressos católicos de 1891 e 1895). In Communio. Lisboa, 1:3, 1984;
- Notas de cultura portuguesa. Do teatro sagrado ao teatro profano. In Novellae Olivarum. Nova série. Lisboa, 6-7, 1983;
- Notas de cultura portuguesa. Os papas e Portugal. In Novellae Olivarum. Nova série. Lisboa, 2-3, 1983;
- Monsenhor Pereira dos Reis. (Em colaboração). Lisboa, 1979;
- A Igreja no tempo. História breve da Igreja Católica. Lisboa, 1978.


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(22) 3. SOURAPHIEL, C.M., Berhane-Yesus Demerew
(1948-

Birth. July 14, 1948, Tchela Claka, Apostolic Vicariate of Harar, Ethiopia. From a family of eight siblings, of which all but one live in Ethiopia.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Guder, directed by the Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians or Lazarists); at Makanissa Major Seminary (licentiate in philosophy); then, he studied theology at King's College in London; and finally, attended the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in sociology.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 4, 1976, Addis Ababa. Pastoral work as a missionary in the southwestern part of the country, 1976-1980. He was imprisoned in Jimma for seven months during a crackdown on religious leaders by the communist military regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam. Further studies, Rome, 1981-1983. Elected delegate to Lazarist General Assembly in Rome, 1980-1983. Pastoral work in Addis Ababa, 1983-1990. Provincial superior of the Lazarists in Addis Ababa, 1990. After Communist junta was overthrown in 1991, he became professor at the Seminary of Addis Ababa. Episcopal vicar of Kaffa and Illubabor. First apostolic prefect of Jimma-Bonga June 10, 1994. During his life as a priest he fought constantly against and denounced human trafficking.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Bita and appointed auxiliary of Addis Ababa, November 7, 1997. Consecrated, January 25, 1998, at the cathedral of the Nativity, Addis Ababa, by Cardinal Paulos Tzadua, archbishop of Addis Ababa. Apostolic administrator sede vacante of Addis Ababa, June 16, 1998. Promoted to the metropolitan archeparchy of Addis Ababa, June 23, 1999. Received the pallium on June 29, 1999 from Pope John Paul II at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. In December 2008, he was one of a dozen Ethiopian religious figures who adopted a resolution against homosexuality, urging lawmakers to approve banning homosexual activity in the Ethiopian constitution. President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Ethiopia and Eritrea. In July 2014, he was elected chairman of the Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa (AMECEA) based in Nairobi, Kenya. Participated in the Third Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops celebrated at the Vatican in October 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Romano Martire on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches; and of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Immigrants and Itinerants. Took possession of his title on October 18, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, L'Osservatore Romano, 14 febbraio 2015; Ethiopia's future cardinal hopes to inspire the young to serve the poor, The Catholic Herald, Thursday, 8 January 2015; New cardinal: Vatican should be 'voice of the voiceless' by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Feb. 10, 2015.


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(23) 4. DEW, John Atcherley
(1948-

Birth. May 5, 1948, Waipawa, diocese of Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Education. Initial studies at St. Joseph's Primary school, Waipukurarau; then, attended St. Joseph's (now Chanel) College, Masterton; later, studied philosophy at Holy Name Seminary, Christchurch; and theology at Holy Cross College, Mosgiel; finally, from 1991 to 1992, studied spirituality at the Institute of St. Anselm, Kent, United Kingdom.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 9, 1976, Waipukurarau, by Cardinal Reginald Delargey, archbishop of Wellington. Pastoral ministry in St Joseph's parish, Upper Hutt 1976-1979; diocese of Rarotonga, Rarotonga 1980-1982; archdiocesan Youth Ministry 1983-1987; Cook Islands Maori Community 1983-1987; Holy Cross College, Mosgiel 1988-1991; St. Anne's parish, Newtown 1993-1995.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Privata and appointed auxiliary of Wellington, April 1, 1995. Consecrated, May 31, 1995, at the Wellington Town Hall, Wellington, by Cardinal Thomas Stafford Williams, archbishop of Wellington, assisted by Denis George Browne, bishop of Hamilton, and by Peter James Cullimane, bishop of Palmerston North. His episcopal motto is Peace through Integrity - Pax iustitiae. Secretary of the New Zealand Catholic Bishops Conference. Episcopal Deputy for the Bioethics Center; and for the National Council for Young Catholics. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Wellington, May 24, 2004. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Wellington, March 21, 2005. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2005 at the papal Vatican basilica. With a number of bishops in 2005, he expressed that couples who had divorced and those who had remarried should also freely receive the Eucharist.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Ippolito on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. He participated in the 14th General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, which took place at the Vatican from October 4 to 25, 2015 on the theme "The vocation and mission of the family in the Church and in the contemporary world". He took possession of his title on November 29, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Wellington; photograph and bopgraphy, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, Holy See Press Office; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Consistory: Cardinal-designate John Dew, from the periphery to Rome, Vatican Radio, 2015-02-12; New Zealand Cardinal: I feel "priveleged" and "blessed" to be selected, Rome Reports, 2015-02-24; New Zealand cardinal says biggest challenge is to teach youth to stop and experience God, Rome Reports, 2016-12-23.


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(24) 5. MENICHELLI, Edoardo
(1939-

Birth. October 14, 1939, San Severino Marche, Italy.

Education. He attended grammar and middle schools at the Seminary of San Severino Marche; then, studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Regional Seminary Pius XI of Fano; later, he attended the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he earned a licentiate in pastoral theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 3, 1965 for the diocese of San Severino Marche, which in 1986 was united to the archdiocese of Camerino with the denomination of Camerino-San Severino Marche. Assistant pastor of the parish of S. Giuseppe in San Severino Marche and simultaneously he was teacher of religion in state schools of the capital. From 1968 until 1991, he worked as an official at the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura. In the 1970s he was spiritual assistant of the group «Roma 71» of the lupetti (Scouts). Later, from 1992 to 1994, he worked at the Congregation for Oriental Churches as officer of the Secretariat. He also held the post of secretary to the then prefect, Cardinal Achille Silvestrini. Meanwhile, he realized pastoral work as cooperator at the parish of SS. Cuori di Gesú e Maria and as chaplain of Mafalda Clinic. He also collaborated at the Family Counseling Office of the Faculty of Medicine at the Agostino Gemelli Hospital and was chaplain of the Clinic. He took an active part in the Synod of the diocese of Rome.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Chieti-Vasto, June 10, 1994. Consecrated, July 9, 1994, at the patriarchal Liberian basilica, by Cardinal Achille Silvestrini, assisted by Antonio Valentini, archbishop emeritus of Chieti-Vasto, and by Piergiorgio Silvano Nesti, C.P., archbishop of Camerino-San Severino Marche. His episcopal motto is Sub lumine Matris. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Amcona-Osimo, January 8, 2004. He entered the archdiocese the following March 7. He is currently the national ecclesiastical assistant of the Association of Italian Catholic Physicians. He participated, by papal appointment, in the Third Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the theme of the Family held at the Vatican in October 2014. He is known for driving a very old, small Fiat Panda, and for living with great simplicity.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Sacri Cuori di Gesù e Maria a Tor Fiorenza on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches; and of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Health Care Workers. Took possession of his title on June 12, 2015. He participated, by papal appointment, in the 14th Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the theme of the Family held at the Vatican in October 2015. The pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo on July 14, 2017. He was succeeded by Angelo Spina, bishop of Sulmona Valva. He will be apostolic administrator of the archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo until the installation of his successor.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Menichelli: «L'ho saputo all'Angelus» by Giacomo Galeazzi, Vatican Insider, 4/01/2015; Menichelli: «Serve una Chiesa misericordiosa» by Vincenzo Varagona, Avvenire, 12 febbraio 2015.


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(25) 6. NGUYÊN VĂN NHƠN, Pierre
(1938-

Birth. April 1, 1938, Ðà Lạt (then apostolic vicariate of Saigon), Viêt Nam. From an old practicing Catholic family. He was baptized the following April 12. His first name in Vietnamese is Phêrô.

Education. On October 26, 1949, he entered the Minor Seminary of St. Joseph, Saigon; from 1958 to 1968, he studied at the Major Seminary of St. Pius X, in Ðà Lạt.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1967, for the diocese of Ðà Lạt, by Bishop Simon Hoa Nguyễn-van Hien of Ðà Lạt. Professor at the Minor Seminary of Ðà Lạt from 1968 to 1972. Then, from 1972 to 1975, he served as general director of Minh Hòa Ðà Lạt Seminary. On April 1, 1975, he became the pastor of the cathedral of Ðà Lạt. On September 10, 1975, he became the representative of the diocese of Ðà Lạt .

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Ðà Lạt, October 11, 1991. Consecrated, December 3, 1991, at the cathedral of Ðà Lạt, by Barthélémy Nguyễn Sơn Lâm, P.S.S., bishop of Ðà Lạt, assisted by Paul Nguyễn Van Hòa, bishop of Nha Trang, and by Nicolas Huỳnh Văn Nghi, bishop of Phan Thiết. His episcopal motto is Illum oportet crescere. Succeeded to the see of Ðà Lạt on March 23, 1994. In 2007, he was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Viêt Nam. Promoted to coadjutor archbishop of Hà Nôi, April 22, 2010, due to the poor health of Archbishop Joseph Ngô Quang Kiệt, who had an extended stay in Rome for medical treatment; and because he had faced heavy pressure from the Vietnamese government, which called for his replacement in 2009, charging that he had fueled anti-government passions; the Holy See decided to name a more conciliatory bishop to guide the archdiocese. A few days later, on May 13, 2010, the pope accepted the resignation of Archbishop Ngô Quang Kiệt and the coadjutor archbishop automatically succeeded him. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2010, at the papal Vatican basilica.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Tommaso Apostolo on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. Took possession of his title on December 6, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biographical data, in Vietnamese, by the Vietnamese Missionaries in Asia; photograph, arms and biography, in Vietnamese, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Il nuovo cardinale vietnamita e la «via della pazienza» by Gianni Valente, Vatican Insider, 8/01/2015.


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(26) 7. SUÁREZ INDA, Alberto
(1939-

Birth. January 30, 1939, Celaya, archdiocese of Morelia, México. His is the youngest of eleven siblings.

Education. Studied humanities at the Seminary of Morelia from 1953; and from 1958, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he studied philosophy and theology, obtaining a licentiate in philosophy; while in Rome, he resided at Pontificio Colegio Pío Latino Americano.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 8, 1964, in his parish of origin in Celaya, by Luis María Altamirano y Bulnes, archbishop of Morelia; incardinated in the archdiocese of Morelia. When the diocese of Celaya was established on October 13, 1973, he became part of the clergy of that new ecclesiastical circumscription. Pastoral ministry in Morelia and in Celaya, 1964-1985.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tacámbaro, November 5, 1985. Consecrated, in Tacámbaro, December 20, 1985, by Girolamo Prigione, titular archbishop of Lauriaco, apostolic delegate to México, assisted by Estanislao Alcaraz y Figueroa, archbishop of Morelia, and by Luis Morales Reyes, coadjutor bishop of Torreón. Participated in the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate (CELAM) celebrated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 1992; and in the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, celebrated at the Vatican. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Morelia, January 20, 1995 (1). Took possession of the see on February 23, 1995. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 1995 at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Vice-President of the Mexican Episcopal Conference, 2004-2006; reelected, 2006-2009. President of the Episcopal Commission for the Commemoration of the Bicentennial of the Independence of México and the Centennial of the Revolution. Morelia is a diocese that has been hard hit by the current wave of drug-related violence in México, a state in which five priests have been killed in the last fifteen years.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Policarpo on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Clergy; and of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. Took possession of his title on October 11, 2015. On November 5, 2016, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese for reasons of age. He was succeeded by Carlos Garfias Merlos, until then archbishop of Acapulco, México.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Morelia; photograph and biography, in Italian, L'Osservatore Romano, 14 febraio 2015; El pacificador del Papa en México by Palo de Llano, El País, 11 Ene 2015 - 20:55 CET; .Cardenal Suárez Inda: El Papa trae consuelo y fortaleza para reconstruir la paz en México by David Ramos, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 14 Ene. 16 / 02:57 pm; VIDEO: Secuestran a sacerdote católico en México y Cardenal pide que no lo maten, ACI, Ciudad de México, 22 Sep. 16 / 01:51 pm; La voz del Papa Francisco en México sacude la conciencia de todos, afirma Cardenal, ACI, Morelia, 19 Feb. 17 / 04:02 pm.

(1) In 1850, Pope Pius IX intended to name Juan Cayetano José María Gómez de Portugal y Solís, bishop of Michoacán (now Morelia), a cardinal. In a letter written by Cardinal Giacomo Antonelli, secretary of State, the pope expressed his plan to the bishop. Unfortunately, he died on April 4, 1850, before the letter was received in Morelia. He would have been the first Latin American cardinal.


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(27) 8. BO, S.D.B., Charles Maung
(1948-

Birth. October 29, 1948, Mohla, archdiocese of Mandalay, Burma (now Myanmar). From a family of farmers. Youngest child of U John Bo and Julian Daw Aye Tin. His father died when he was two years old.

Education. Soon after his father's death he was entrusted to the Salesian Fathers of Mandalay from whom he received a solid formation; entered the Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco) in the Seminary "Nazareth".

Priesthood. Ordained, April 9, 1976. Upon his priestly ordination, he was assigned as parish priest at Loihkam from 1976 to 1981; and in Lashio from 1981 to 1983. After serving as parish priest, from 1983 until 1985, he was posted at Anisakan as formator. He served as apostolic administrator in Lashio from 1985 to 1986; and as apostolic prefect from 1986 to 1990. When the prefecure was elevated to the rank of diocese, he was named its first bishop.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Lashio, July 7, 1990. Consecrated, December 16, 1990, at the cathedral of the Sacré Coeur, by Alphonse U Than Aung, archbishop of Mandalay, assisted by Abraham Than, bishop of Kengtung, and by Paul Zingtung Grawng, bishop of Myitkyina. His episcopal motto is Omnia Possum In Eo. Transferred to the diocese of Pathein, March 13, 1996. He was president of the Episcopal Conference of Myanmar from 2000 to 2006. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Yangon, May 15, 2003. President of the Episcopal Conference of Myanmar. Member of the Pontifical Council for Culture. He is a firm defender of interreligious dialog in a predominantly Buddhist country.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Ireneo a Centocelle on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life; and of the Pontifical Council for Culture. Took possession of his title on October 21, 2015. On October 24, 2015, he was named papal legate to the fifty-first International Eucharistic Congress that was celebrated in Cebu, Philippines, from January 24 to 31, 2016. On July 13, 2016, he was named member of the Secretariat for Communications.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Myanmar's new cardinal in plea for religious tolerance, ucanews.com, January 7, 2015; Bo, il cardinale che porta la poesia nella fedeby Paolo Affatato, Vatican Insider, 7/01/2015; , Catholic Herald, Thursday, 8 January 2015; Myanmar Cardinal aims to work towards religious tollerance, interviewed by Sean Patrick Lovett, L'Osservatore Romano, audio, 13/02/2015 12:16; Cardinal Charles Bo's missionary vision, pastoral concern, Vatican Radio, audio, 14/02/2015 15:37; Myanmar's Cardinal Bo urges country's rulers to be 'good parents' by John Zaw, Mandalay, Myanmar, July 21, 2015; Cardinal Bo urges people to 'fulfill sacred duty of voting' by John Zaw, Yangonm Myanmar, September 25, 2015, ucanews.com; Cardinal Bo hopes synod will look kindly on remarried couples by John Zaw, Yangon, Myanmar, ucanews.com, October 2, 2015; Cardinal Bo concerned for peaceful transition in Myanmar by John Zaw, ucanews.com, Yangon, Myanmar, December 2, 2015; Myanmar cardinal wants dam project halted by John Zaw, ucanews.com, Yangon, Myanmar, December 3, 2015; Love, compassion key to interfaith harmony, says Myanmar cardinal by John Zaw, Monhla, Myanmar, ucanews.com, December 16, 2015; Myanmar cardinal stresses peace and justice in Christmas message by John Zaw, Mandalay, Myanmar, ucanews.com, December 23, 2015; Papal envoy calls for 'third world war' on poverty by Joe Torres, ucanews.com, Cebu City, Philippines, January 25, 2016; Papal envoy tells dancing inmates not to lose hope by Joe Torres and Victor Kintanar, Cebu City, Philippines, ucanews.com, January 27, 2016; A dancing Cardinal Bo inspires disadvantaged kids in Cebu by Victor Kintanar, ucanews.com, Cebu City, Philippines, January 29, 2016; Myanmar cardinal expresses hope for national reconciliation, ucanews.com, February 23, 2016; Cardinal Bo:''Myanmar stands on the threshold of hope', ucanews.com, March 17, 2016; Cardinal Bo calls on Catholics to be signs of hope. Prelate washes the feet of Muslims and the poor during Mass of the Last Supper, ucanews.com, March 28, 2016; Cardinal Bo visits Stonyhurst College and the historic Collections and the Christian Heritage Centre (towards the middle of the page), May 21, 2016, davidalton.net, Education vital in Myanmar's new 'journey,' says Cardinal Bo, ucanews.com, May 27, 2016; The West needs to give Myanmar more time, says Cardinal Bo, ucanews.com, August 22, 2016; Cardinal Bo: "There is a wakeup call for democracy. May 2017 be the year of peace", Agenzia Fides, Yangoon, Wednesday, 8 February 2017; Cardinal Bo warns of 'environmental holocaust'" by John Zaw, ucanews.com, Mandalay, Myanmar, March 3, 2017; Cardinal Bo: Religious leaders have role in dialogue, fostering peace by John Zaw, ucanews.com, Yangon, Myanmar April 26, 2017; Cardinal Bo brings religions together for peace in Myanmar by John Zaw, ucanews.com, Yangon, Myanmar, May 1, 2017; Per il Myanmar la pace è l’unica soluzione. Il messaggio del cardinale Bo ai leader religiosi del paese, L'Osservatore Romano, 12 maggio 2017; Myanmar cardinal calls for independent investigation of war crime allegations by Nirmala Carvalho, Crux, June 27, 2017; Exclusive: Cardinal Bo describes Myanmar’s difficult path to democracy by Gerard O'Connell, America, July 28, 2017; Cardinals outraged as Hong Kong jails young politicians, ucanews.com, August 21, 2017; Cardinal Bo tells faithful to spiritually prepare for papal visit, ucanews.com, September 8, 2017.


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(28) 9. KOVITHAVANIJ, Francis Xavier Kriengsak
(1949-

Birth. June 27, 1949, Bam Rak, archdiocese of Bangkok, Thailand.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Saint Joseph in Sampran; later, he was sent to Rome to study philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Urbanian University from 1970-1976, residing at Collegio Urbano; from 1982 to 1983, he studied in spirituality at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 11, 1976, by Michael Michai Kitbunchu, archbishop of Bangkok; incardinated in the archdiocese of Bangkok. In 1976, he was named assistant priest of the Nativity of Mary Church in Ban Pan; in the years 1977-1979, he was assistant priest of Epiphany Church in Koh Go; then, vice-rector of the Minor Seminary of St. Joseph in Sampran (1979-1981). Further studies in Rome, 1982 to 1983. Returning home, he was for six years rector of the Holy Family Intermediate Seminary in Nakhon Ratchasima; then, from 1989 to 1993, he was under secretary of the Episcopal Conference of Thailand; in the years 1992-2000, he was rector of the National Major Seminary Lux Mundi in Sampran. Extraordinary professor at the Major Seminary of Sampran since 2001; pastor of the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes in Hua Take from 2000 to 2003; then, pastor of the cathedral of Bangkok and secretary of the Council of Priests of the Archdiocese of Bangkok from 2003 to 2007.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Nakhon Sawan, March 7, 2007. Consecrated, June 2, 2007, at at Nakhon Sawan indoor stadium, by Cardinal Michael Michai Kitbunchu, archbishop of Bangkok, assisted by Salvatore Pennacchio, titular archbishop of Montemarano, nuncio to Thailand, Singapore, Cambodia and apostolic delegate to Myanmar, Laos, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam; and by Joseph Banchong Aribarg, bishop emeritus of Nakhon Sawan. His episcopal motto is Verbum Crucis Dei Virtus Est. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Bangkok, May 14, 2009. In 2009, he was elected vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of Thailand.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria Addolorata on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications. Took possession of his title on October 11, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica vaticana; Thai cardinal-elect vows to promote a more 'universal' Church by Stephen Steele, ucanews.com, January 9, 2015; Creation of new cardinal marks Thai Church's Jubilee Year by Paolo Affatato, Vatican Insider, 01/20/2015.


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(29) 10. MONTENEGRO, Francesco
(1946-

Birth. May 22, 1946, Messina, Italy.

Education. He completed all his education, grammar school, high school, philosophy and theology, at the Archiepiscopal Seminary "San Pio X" in Messina. He attended courses in pastoral theology at the Ignatianum of Messina, 1969-1971

Priesthood. Ordained, August 8, 1969, by Archbishop Francesco Fasola of Messina. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Messina. He exercised his priestly ministry in a peripheral area of the city from 1971 to 1988; and later, he was private secretary to Archbishops Francesco Fasola and Ignatius Cannavò. In 1988-1998, he was pastor of the parish of St. Clement in Messina; from 1988, he was director of Diocesan Caritas, regional delegate of Caritas and regional representative of National Caritas. He has also held the following positions: teacher of Religion; diocesan assistant to the Italian Sports Center; diocesan director of the Apostleship of Prayer; Mansionario of the Chapter of the Archimandritate; rector of the Shrine-Church of St. Rita; and spiritual director of the Minor Seminary. He was also member of the Council of Priests. From 1997 to 2000, he was pro-vicar general of the archdiocese of Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela; and since 1998, canon of the protometropolitan cathedral chapter of Messina.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Aurusuliana and appointed auxiliary of Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela, March 18, 2000. Consecrated, April 29, 2000, at the cathedral basilica of SS Assunta, Messina, by Giovanni Marra, archbishop of Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela, assisted by Ignazio Cannavò, archbishop Emeritus of Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela, and by Francesco Sgalambro, bishop of Cefalù. His episcopal motto is Caritas sine modo. From May 2003 to May 2008, he was president of Italian Caritas. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Agrigento, February 23, 2008. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2008 at the papal Vatican basilica. In the Italian Episcopal Conference, since 2013, he is president of the Episcopal Commission for Migration and president of the Foundation "Migrantes". He has been closely involved in efforts to assist the tens of thousands of migrants who have crossed the Mediterranean and landed on the Italian islands of Lampedusa and Sicily as a stage in their perilous journeys to northern Europe. Archbishop Montenegro accompanied the pope when he visited Lampedusa in July 2013, his first official trip outside Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Pontifical Council for Culture; and of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Immigrants and Itinerants. Took possession of his title on April 19, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Agrigento; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Un cardinale in vespa by Giacomo Galeazzi, Vatican Insider, 12/01/2015; Montenegro: «Chiesa con il Vangelo in mano» by Alessandra Turrisi, Avvenire, 13 febbraio 2015.


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(30) 11. STURLA BERHOUET, S.D.B., Daniel Fernando
(1959-

Birth. July 4, 1959, Montevideo, Uruguay. His father was a lawyer and his mother a housewife. He is the youngest of five children. The other siblings are Martín, who was an important politician at the end of the 20th century, María Isabel, Marí Antonia and María Laura. They belonged to the parish of María Auxiliadora in Montevideo. He received his first communion in 1969 at Colegio San Juan Bautista, of the Brothers of the Holy Family. His father died when he was 13 and his mother three years later.

Education. He completed his studies grammar and high school students (up to 4th year) at Colegio San Juan Bautista, of the Brothers of the Holy Family. Entered the Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco) in the Province of Uruguay. Did the noviatiate in 1979 and the first profession on January 31, 1980; the master of novices was Father Mario Silvestre. After obtaining the baccalaureate in civil law at the John XXIII Institute, he completed the studies in philosophy and education science at the Salesian Institute "Miguel Rúa" in Montevideo. He studied theology at the Monsignor Mariano Soler Uruguayan Theological Institute (now Faculty of Theology) from 1984 to 1987 obtaining the baccalaureated in theology; later, in 2006, he obtained the licentiate in theology in the same Institute. He did his practical internship (tricinio) in the "Talleres Don Bosco", 1982-1983, which was directed by Father Nicolás Cotugno, S.D.B., future archbishop of Montevideo.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 21, 1987, parish of María Auxiliadora in calle Canelones, Montevideo, by José Gottardi Cristelli, S.D.B., archbishop of Montevideo. He was counselor of studies at the "Talleres Don Bosco" 1988-1990; and worked in the early stages of the Tacurú Movement, an institution that seeks to improve the living conditions of poor adolescents. Vicar of the Salesian Novitiate and Postnovitiate, 1991-1993. Director of the Salesian Aspirantship and master of novices from 1994 to 1996. Director of the Pre-University Institute Juan XXIII from 2003 to 2008; and professor of history of the Church from 2007 to 2008. On October 28, 2008, he was named Salesian Inspector in Uruguay. On May 27, 2009, he was elected president of the Conference of Religious of Uruguay (CONFRU). He has published "1916-1917: Separación de la Iglesia y el Estado en el Uruguay", Instituto Teológico del Uruguay Mariano Soler, Libro Anual, 1993; and "¿Santa o de Turismo? Calendario y secularización en el Uruguay", Instituto Superior Salesiano, colección Proyecto Educativo, 2010.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Felbes and appointed auxiliary of Montevideo, December 10, 2011. Consecrated, March 4, 2012, at the metropolitan cathedral of Montevideo, by Nicolás Domingo Cotugno Fanizzi, S.D.B., archbishop of Montevideo, assisted by Arturo Eduardo Fajardo Bustamante, bishop of San José de Mayo, and by Milton Luis Tróccoli Cebedio, titular bishop of Munaziana, auxiliary of Montevideo. His episcopal motto is Servite Domino in laetitia. In the Episcopal Conference of Uruguay, he is responsible for the Department of Missions and of Laymen. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Montevideo on February 11, 2014. Took possession of the see on the following March 9 in the metropolitan cathedral. Received the pallium from Pope Francis on June 29, 2014 at the papal Vatican basilica.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Galla on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life; and of the Pontifical Council for the New Evangelization. He took possession of his title on May 17, 2015. On August 22, 2015, he was named special papal envoy to the Fifth National Eucharistic Congress of Bolivia, which was celebrated in Tarija from September 16 to 20, 2015. Named member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on September 5, 2015.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 2013, n. 22, p. 8.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Mons. Daniel Sturla es el nuevo Arzobispo de Montevideo, Conferencia Episcopal del Uruguay; Catequesis de Mons. Daniel Sturla; Sturla es el nuevo arzobispo de Montevideo by Eduardo Barreneche, Información, 10 mar 2014; Mons. Sturla en su primera carta como Arzobispo plantea: "¿Qué haría Cristo en nuestro lugar?", Conferencia Episcopal del Uruguay, 9 de marzo de 2014; Video: Cardenal anuncia nuevo Siervo de Dios de Uruguay by Diego López Marina, ACI, Montevideo, 19 Feb. 17 / 09:12 am; Día de la Laicidad en Uruguay no puede entenderse como “dogmatismo añejo”, pide Cardenal by Bárbara Bustamante, ACI, Montevideo, 19 Abr. 17 / 08:13 pm; Arzobispo se pronuncia sobre supuesta violación de la laicidad en Uruguay, ACI, Montevideo, 09 Jul. 17 / 07:05 pm; Cardenal Sturla: Apliquemos el derecho de los padres a elegir educación para sus hijos by Bárbara Bustamante, ACI, Montevideo, 26 Jul. 17 / 09:34 pm; Uruguay: Cardenal anuncia curso de afectividad ante amenaza de la ideología de género by Bárbara Bustamante, ACI, Montevideo, 09 Ago. 17 / 04:32 pm.


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(31) 12. BLÁZQUEZ PÉREZ, Ricardo
(1942-

Birth. April 13, 1942, Villanueva del Campillo, diocese of Ávila, Spain.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Ávila from 1955 to 1960 (bachillerato); and at the Major Seminary of Ávila from 1960 to 1967 (ecclesiastical studies); later, from 1967-1972, he studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 18, 1967, by Santos Moro Briz, bishop of Ávila. Further studies in Rome, 1967-1972. He was secretary of the Abulense Institute from 1972 to 1976. In the Pontifical University of Salamanca he was professor of theology from 1974 to 1988; dean from 1978 to 1981; and from 2000 to 2004, its grand chancellor; elected grand chancellor again on November 18, 2015..

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Germa di Galazia and appointed auxiliary of Santiago de Compostela, April 8, 1988. Consecrated, at the metropolitan cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, May 29, 1988, by Antonio María Rouco Varela, archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, assisted by Cardinal Ángel Suquía Goicoechea, archbishop of Madrid, and by Mario Tagliaferri, titular archbishop of Formia, nuncio to Spain. His episcopal motto is Resurrexit. Transferred to the see of Palencia, May 26, 1992. President of the commission for the Doctrine of the Faith of the Spanish Episcopal Conference from 1993 to 2003. Transferred to the see of Bilbao, September 8, 1995. President of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, 2005 to 2008; its vice-president, 2008 to 2014; elected its president again in March 2014. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Valladolid, March 13, 2010. Participated in the Third Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the theme of the Family celebrated at the Vatican in October 2014. In addition to collaborating in the preparation of many documents of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, he has published many books and articles of theology. He is co-patron of Colegio Español de San José, Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria in Vallicella on that same day. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; and of the Pontifical Council for Culture. Will participate in the 14th General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, which will take place at the Vatican from October 4 to 25, 2015 on the theme "The vocation and mission of the family in the Church and in the contemporary world". He was named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on June 27, 2015. Took possession of his title on October 11, 2015. On January 8, 2016, he was named member of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See. On March 14, 2017, he was re-elected president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference for the triennium 2017-2020.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See press Office; his arms; Declaraciones del cardenal electo Ricardo Blàzquez, arzobispo de Valladolid y presidente de la CEE, Revista Ecclesia, 6 de enero de 2015; Entrevista de la Agencia EFE cardenal Blázquez, presidente de la CEE y arzobispo de Valladolid, Revista Ecclesia, marzo 2015; El cardenal Blázquez encomienda su misión a santa Teresa de Jesús y san Felipe Neri by Rocío Lancho García, ZENIT.org, Roma, 11 de octubre de 2015; Presidente de CEE pide "unidad" y "esperanza" tras elecciones generales en España by Blanca Ruiz, Madrid, ACI, 23 Dic. 15 / 09:43 pm; Los cardenales Blázquez y Cañizares viajan con el Papa a México by Iván de Vargas, Zenit, 3 febrero 2016; Carta del cardenal Blázquez a monseñor Josef De Kesel, arzobispo de Malinas-Bruselas, Ecclesia Digital, 22 marzo 2016; Cardenal Blázquez: «La incertidumbre política puede dejar heridas en la convivencia social» by Fran Otero, Diario La Razón, Ecclesia Digital, 10-04-2016; Declaraciones del cardenal Blázquez en COPE (Cadena de Ondas Populares Españolas), Ecclesia Digital, 10-6-2016; Cardenal Blázquez ante atentado en Niza, Ecclesia Digital, Valladolid, 15 de julio de 2016; El cardenal Ricardo Blázquez expresa su dolor por el terremoto en Italia, Ecclesia Digital, 24-8-2016; El cardenal Ricardo Blázquez celebra con la publicación del libro Memoria y gratitud el 50 aniversario de su ordenación, Ecclesia Digital, 6-2-2017; Cardenal pide perdón por abusos cometidos por sacerdote en seminario menor de España, ACI, Valladolid, 09 Feb. 17 / 08:14 pm; Papa Francisco felicita al Cardenal Blázquez por sus 50 años como sacerdote by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 20 Feb. 17 / 11:21 am; El jefe de la Iglesia española: "No sé si Jesucristo votaría a Podemos" by Pedro Simón and José Aymá, El Mundo, 26/02/2017 02:59; La Conferencia Episcopal Española reelige presidente al cardenal Blázquez, Zenit, Roma, 14 marzo 2017; Cardenal Blázquez reelegido Presidente de la Conferencia Episcopal Española by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 14 Mar. 17 / 07:55 am; Cardenal Blázquez: Sacar la Misa de la tv pública es un “recurso político poco serio” by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 16 Mar. 17 / 07:23 am; Rueda de prensa con el cardenal Blázquez, presidente de la CEE, Revista Ecclesia, 18-3-2017; Cardenal Blázquez: ¿Por qué ETA no se disuelve como organización terrorista? by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 17 Mar. 17 / 03:15 pm; ¿Qué piden estos dos cardenales españoles a la Virgen de Fátima? by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Fátima, 13 May. 17 / 10:41 am; Cardenal pide urgente regeneración democrática y ética para combatir corrupción, ACI, Madrid, 17 May. 17 / 01:09 pm; Papa Francisco recibe a 2 cardenales españoles: Estos fueron los temas tratados by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Vaticano, 19 May. 17 / 08:24 pm; Cardenales Blázquez y Omella rechazan justificación religiosa del atentado de Barcelona, ACI, Madrid, 18 Ago. 17 / 05:28 am; Cardenales de España piden evitar confrontación sobre referéndum en Cataluña, ACI, Madrid, 24 Sep. 17 / 01:01 pm.


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(32) 13. LACUNZA MAESTROJUÁN, O.A.R., José Luis
(1944-

Birth. February 24, 1944, Pamplona, Spain.

Education. Entered the Order of the Recollects of Saint Augustine, province of Nuestra Señora de la Consolación. He studied at the Minor Seminary of San José of the Augustinian Fathers in Artieda; then, he attended the courses of philosophy in Zaragoza; and studied theology in the Major Augustinian Seminary Nuestra Señora de la Consolación in Pamplona. He made his solemn profession in the Order of Augustinians Recollects on September 16, 1967, in Pamplona.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 13, 1969, Pamplona. About two years later he was sent to Panamà, where he was rector of Colego San Agustín; rector of the University of Santa María la Antigua; and president of the Federation of Catholic Schools.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Partenia and appointed auxiliary of Panamá, December 30, 1985. Consecrated, in Panamá, January 18, 1986, by José Sebastián Laboa Gallego, titular archbishop of Zaraï, nuncio to Panamá, assisted by Marcos Gregorio McGrath, C.S.C., archbishop of Panamá, and by José Agustín Ganuza García, O.A.R., titular bishop of Pauzera, prelate emeritus of Bocas del Toro. His episcopal motto is Praesumus Si Prosumus. Transferred to the see of Chitré, October 29, 1994. Transferred to the see of David, July 2, 1999. President of the Episcopal Conference of Panamá from 2000 to 2004; and from 2007 to 2013. He works with indigenous peoples to protect them from mining interests.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Giuseppe da Cupertino on that same day. He is the first cardinal of Panamá and of the Order of Augustinian Recollects (O.A.R.). On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education; and of the Pontifical Council for Culture. Named member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on September 5, 2105. Took possession of his title on October 18, 2105.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Primer Cardenal de Panamá: Siento que es algo que no merezco, ACI, 16 Ene. 15 / 12:19 pm; Panama Cardinal: I learned about my appointment by a Whatsapp message, video, Rome Reports, 2015-04-11; Al elegir a Panamá para JMJ el Papa hizo "una travesura" y un gran reto, dice Cardenal, ACI, Cracovia, 31 Jul. 16 / 02:17 pm; Cardenal explica por qué JMJ Panamá 2019 se hará en enero by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Roma, 25 May. 17 / 12:28 pm.


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(33) 14. GOMES FURTADO, Arlindo
(1949-

Birth. November 15, 1949, Figueira das Naus, Santa Caterina, diocese of Santiago de Cabo Verde, Cabo Verde. Fourth child of Ernesto Robalo Gomes and Maria Furtado. He was baptized in the parish of Santa Catarina in August 1951.

Education. Primary studies in Achada Lém, Santa Catarina. He entered the Minor Seminary São José, on October 1, 1963, where he made his high school studies. On September 11, 1971, he left for Coimbra, Portugal, in order to continue his studies at the Major Seminary of that city. After completing the courses of theology at the Institute of Theological Studies, he returned to Cape Verde in 1976. He was ordained deacon by Bishop Dom Paulino Livramento Évora, C.S.Sp., bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde, on May 9, 1976, at the Seminary of São José. He worked as a deacon in the parish of Nossa Senhora da Graça, Praia; from August 1986, he studied at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in Sacred Scripture. He returned to Cabo Verde in 1990.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 18, 1976, parish of Santa Catarina by Bishop Évora. Named parochial vicar of Nossa Senhora da Graça. From 1978 to 1986, he was rector of the Minor Seminary São José. Further studies in Rome, 1986-1990. Returning to Cape Verde in 1990, he resided in Seminary São José. For a year he assisted the areas of Lém-Dog and Achada São Filipe. That same year he taught the English at the Lyceum Domingo Ramos. From 1991 to 1995, he taught Biblical Greek, Hebrew, history and geography of the Biblical peoples and held the chair of Old Testament in the Institute of Theological Studies of Coimbra, Portugal. During his stay in that diocese, he was parochial administrator of two communities, Amel and Vila Pouca. He collaborated in the translators team of the "Nova Bíblia dos Capuchinhos", translating the books of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Ben Sirah, and wrote their introductions. Published some articles and reviews in "Revista Bíblica", scientific series; and in the review "Dabar", of the Theology Students Association of Coimbra. In 1995 he returned to Cape Verde to take over the parish of Nossa Senhora da Graça. He was a member of the National Council of Education and professor at the School of Police Training. Until 2004 he was vicar general of the diocese of Cabo Verde.

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of Mindelo, November 14, 2003. Consecrated, February 22, 2004, in Praia, sítio de Quebra-Canela, by Paulino do Livramento Évora, C.S.Sp., bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde, assisted by Albino Mamede Cleto, bishop of Coimbra, and by José Câmnate na Bissign, bishop of Bissau. His episcopal motto is Jesus, O Bom Pastor. Transferred to the see of Santiago de Cabo Verde, the oldest diocese in Africa, July 22, 2009. He took possession of the see on August 15, 2009.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Timoteo on that same day. He is the first cardinal from Cabo Verde. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum. Took possession of his title on May 10, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Portuguese, diocese of Santiago de Cabo Verde; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; his episcopal arms, diocese of Santiago de Cabo Verde.


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(34) 15. MAFI, Soane Patita Paini
(1961-

Birth. December 19, 1961, Nuku'alofa, Island of Tongatapu, diocese of Tonga, Kingdom of Tonga. Son and grandson of catechists.

Education. He grew up in Tonga and joined a youth group at his parish in the settlement of Kolofo'ou, near the capital, on the main island, Tongatapu. He studied philosophy and theology at the Pacific Regional Seminary in Fiji; from 1998 to 1999, he made higher studies of psychology at Loyola College in Baltimore, United States of America.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1991, by Patelisio Punou-Ki-Hihifo Finau, S.M., bishop of Tonga. After ordination, he was parish priest at Ha'apai on an outer island (1992-1994). Vicar general and pastor in Nuku'alofa from 1995 to 1997. Further studies in Baltimore from 1998 to 1999. Returning home, he was parish priest in Houma (1999-2000); then professor and trainer at the Pacific Regional Seminar in Fiji since 2003 and vice-rector of the same seminary.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Tonga, June 28, 2007. Consecrated, October 4, 2007, at the cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, Ma'ufonga, by Soane Lilo Foliaki, S.M., bishop of Tonga, assisted by Alapati Lui Mataeliga, archbishop of Samoa-Apia, Samoa, and by Petero Mataca, archbishop of Suva, Fiji. He thus became the first diocesan priest to be bishop in the history of the nation. His episcopal motto is Ke Loloto e Tui. Succeeded to the see of Tonga, April 21, 2008. President of the Episcopal Conference of the Pacific Ocean since 2010. Participated in the Third Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the theme of the Family celebrated at the Vatican in October 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Paola Romana in that same day. He is the first cardinal from Tonga and, at the time of his creation, was the youngest member of the College of Cardinals. On April 13, 2015, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; and of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum. Took possession of his title on December 5, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Soane Patita Paini Mafi: Tonga has much to contribute to the Church, Rome Reports, 2015-03-15.


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(35) 16. PIMIENTO RODRÍGUEZ, José de Jesús
(1919-

Birth. February 18, 1919, Zapatoca, diocese of Socorro y San Gil, Colombia. Son of Agustín Pimiento and Salomé Rodríguez.

Education. He completed his ecclesiastical studies in the Minor Seminary of San Gil and in the Major Seminary of Bogotá.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 14, 1941, for the diocese of Socorro and San Gil, by Ismael Perdomo Borrero, archbishop of Bogotá. He exercised his priestly ministry as vicar coadjutor in the parishes of Mogotes, cathedral of San Gil and Vélez; as substitute vicar in Zapatoca; as seminary syndic and professor; as chaplain in the hospital of San Gil; as coordinator of Acción Social; and of the Catholic Action in the diocesan curia.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Apollonide and appointed auxiliary of Pasto, June 14, 1955. Consecrated, August 28, 1955, at the metropolitan cathedral of Bogotá, by Cardinal Crisanto Luque y Sánchez, archbishop of Bogotá, assisted by Emilio Botero González, bishop of Pasto, and by Pedro José Rivera Mejía, bishop of Socorro y San Gil. His episcopal motto is Vivere Christus est. Transferred to the see of Montería, December 30, 1959. Participated in the four sessions of the Second Vatican Council. Transferred to the see of Garzón, February 29, 1964. Took part in the General Conferences of the Latin American Episcopate (CELAM) of Medellín (1968); Puebla (1979) and Santo Domingo (1992). For two consecutive mandates, 1972 to 1978, was president of the Colombian Episcopal Conference. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Manizales, May 22, 1975. During his episcopate in Manizales he founded the Center for Evangelization and Catechesis of the Archdiocese of Manizales (CECAM); the Youth House; and the House of Guidance of the Young; reinforced the structure of the towers of the cathedral, damaged by the earthquake of 1979; remodeled the Minor Seminary in 1979 and subsequently adjusted it as Archdiocesan Seminary; he organized a joint relief effort because of the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz volcano in 1985 through the promotion of about a hundred housing solutions in the Municipality of Chinchiná, the Papayal veredas, LosCuervos and La Guayana de Villamaría and in the agricultural villages of La Paz and Encanto, among other works. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, October 15, 1996. Then, served as a missionary in the parish of Turbo, in the diocese of Apartadó. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Socorro y San Gil from November 2001 to June 2003. He resides in the Foyer de Charité San Pablo, Bucaramanga.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the title of Giovanni Crisostomo a Monte Sacro Alto on that same day. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. He did not go to Rome to participate in the consistory because of his advanced age. He received the red biretta and the cardinalitial ring in Colombia on February 28, 2015 in the metropolitan cathedral of Bogotá from Cardinal Rubén Salazar Gómez, archbishop of that city.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Manizales; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; El arzobispo colombiano Pimiento no recibirá el cardenalato en Roma by Andrés Beltramo Álvarez, Vatican Insider en el Mundo, 13/02/2015.


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(36) 17. DE MAGISTRIS, Luigi
(1926-

Birth. February 23, 1926, in the parish of S. Cecilia, the cathedral, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. From a well known family in that city. Youngest of the six children of Edmondo De Magistris, a physician, and Agnese Ballero. One of his brothers was mayor of the Sardinian capital; and another became legal adviser to the President of the Republic of Italy, Antonio Segni.

Education. In 1947, he obtained the laurea in classical letters. Studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Roman Seminary (later, Pontifical Lateran University), Rome, from 1948 to 1953. In 1953, obtained the laurea in theology at the Pontifical Roman Seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 12 1952, in the cathedral of Cagliari, by Paolo Botto, archbishop of Cagliari. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Cagliari. From 1953 to 1958, he was, first, notary and then, defender of the bond in the Sardinian Regional Ecclesiastical Tribunal; he also taught in public schools; and was assistant to laureati and teachers of the Catholic Action. Professor at the archdiocesan Seminary of Cagliari from 1955 to 1958. In 1958, he entered the service of the Holy See as secretary general of the Lateran Athenaeum, called by its new rector, Antonio Pioli. From February 1959 to 1967, he was notary prima of the S.C. congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments, Office of the Doctrine of the Faith. From 1960 to 1964, he was defender of the bond in that Congregation. In 1964, he was named commissary of the same Congregation. From 1967 to 1969, he was head of office of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith. In 1968, he was named honorary canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Cagliari. In February 1969, he was named minutant at the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, then guided by Archbishop Agostino Casaroli. Prelate of honor of His Holiness on August 27, 1973. Named regent of the Apostolic Penitentiary on April 11, 1979. In 1979, he became consultor of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints. In 1992, he became permanent expert of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Nova, March 6, 1996. Consecrated, April 28, 1996, at the parochial church of Sant'Anna, Cagliari, by Cardinal Giovanni Canestri, archbishop emeritus of Genoa, assisted by Ottorino Pietro Alberti, archbishop of Cagliari, and by Tarcisio Pillolla, titular bishop of Cartenne, auxiliary of Cagliari. His episcopal motto is Iuste Iudica Proximo. Named pro-penitentiary major and promoted to the rank of archbishop, November 22, 2001. Resigned the post because of age and became pro-penitentiary major emeritus, October 4, 2003 (1). He was consultor of the Congregations for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, of the Causes of the Saints, for the Evangelization of Peoples, for the Clergy, and of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei". He resides in Cagliari.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of SS. Nomi de Gesù e Maria in via Lata on that same day. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. He took possession of his deaconry on February 17, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, L'Osservatore Romano, 14 febbraio 2015; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press office; De Magistris: A cardinalship that eventually came, fifteen years later by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 5/01/2015.

(1) He was not promoted to the cardinalate in the consistory of October 21, 2003, the only case so far in the history of the Apostolic Penitentiary in which a penitentiary was not elevated to the cardinalate, due to some of his critical remarks - which were not expressed publicly - to some decisions of Pope John Paul II, which were learned by some of the closest collaborators of the pope. Many expected that the red hat would come soon after the completion of eighty years but it had not happened.


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(37) 18. RAUBER, Karl-Joseph
(1934-

Birth. April 11, 1934, Nürnberg, archdiocese of Bamberg, Germany. Son of Dr. Leopold Rauber, a ministerial advisor, and Mathilde Wedermann, a teacher. Baptized on April 13, 1934, in the chapel of the hospital Theresienkrankenhaus, in Nürnberg, which belongs to the parish Allerheiligen, by Father Josef Wagner.

Education. Elementary school in Nürnberg and Körbeldorf, where he had to move with his mother, after Nürnberg was bombed during the Second World War. The family later moved to Saarbrücken, then to Mainz. Secondary education at the Benedictine St.-Michaels-Gymnasium in Metten, where he obtained the Abitur in 1950. He studied theology and philosophy at the Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz. From October 1, 1962, he studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law in 1966. At the same time, he studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. Beside his native language, German, he speaks fluently English, French, Italian, Spanish and Latin.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 28, 1959, at the cathedral of St. Martin of Mainz, by Albert Stohr, bishop of Mainz. Incardinated in the diocese of Mainz. From 1959 to 1962, he was chaplain in the parish Liebfrauen in Nidda. Further studies in Rome from 1962. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See on October 1, 1966 and served at the Secretariat of State as personal secretary to Archbishop Giovanni Benelli (future cardinal), substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the cipher; auditor of nunciature first class; he served at the Secretariat of State until 1977, as head of the German section. On October 20, 1971, he was named chaplain of honor of His Holiness. Named prelate of honor of His Holiness on December 22, 1976. From 1977 to 1981, he worked in the apostolic nunciature in Belgium. From 1981 to 1982, he worked in the apostolic nunciature in Greece. On February 1, 1982, he was named chargé d'affaires ad interim of the papal representation in Uganda.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Giubaltiana and appointed pro-nuncio in Uganda, December 18, 1982. Consecrated, January 6, 1983, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Caritas Christi urget nos. Named president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, January 22, 1990. Named nuncio in Switzerland and Liechtenstein, March 16, 1993. Named honorary canon of the Augustinian Abbey of Saint-Maurice, Switzerland, 1997. Named nuncio in Hungary and Moldova, April 25, 1997. Named nuncio in Belgium and Luxembourg, February 22, 2003. Retired because of reasons of age from the nunciature in Belgium on June 18, 2009; and from the nunciature in Luxembourg on July 24, 2009. He spends his retirement as chaplain at the Schönstatt-Center Liebfrauenhöhe in Ergenzingen. He also exercises episcopal functions in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Antonio di Padova a Circonvallazione Appia on that same day. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his deaconry on June 13, 2015. On April 1, 2017, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 375th anniversary of the foundation of the Shrine of Kevalaer, Germany, dedicated to the Madonna Consolatrix Afflictorum programmed for June 3, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photographs, arms and biography, in German, Wikipedia; his arms, Arladica Vaticana.


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(38) 19. VILLALBA, Luis Héctor
(1934-

Birth. October 11, 1934, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Education. Completed his primary and secondary education in Buenos Aires. He entered the Metropolitan Seminary of Buenos Aires (Villa Devoto) in 1952 after earning the title of mercantile peritus in state schools. In 1961, he obtained licentiates in theology and ecclesiastical history at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 24, 1960, by Cardinal Antonio Caggiano, archbishop of Buenos Aires, in the chapel of the Metropolitan Seminary of Buenos Aires. Celebrated his first mass in the parish of Santa Julia. Pastoral ministry in Buenos Aires. Further studies in Rome. On his return to Bienos Aires, he was named vicar of the parish of San Nicolás de Bari in 1964; formator of the Seminary Major of Villa Devoto from 1965 to 1969; he was professor of ecclesiastical history in the Faculty of Theology at the Argentinian Catholic University of "Santa María de los Buenos Aires" from 1965 to 1975; in 1967, he was appointed prefect of the Major Seminary; and from 1969 to 1972, he was dean of the Theological Faculty. In 1968, he became the first director of the Institute of Vocations San José, established by Archbishop Juan Carlos Aramburu, where the aspirants to the priesthood of the archdiocese were prepared for courses in philosophy and theology. From 1969 to 1971, he was dean of the Faculty of Theology; and in 1972, he was named pastor of Santa Rosa de Lima in Buenos Aires.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ofena and appointed auxiliary of Buenos Aires, September 20, 1984. Consecrated, December 22, 1984, at the metropolitan cathedral of Santísima Trinidad, Buenos Aires, by Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu, archbishop of Buenos Aires, assisted by Arnaldo Clemente Canale, titular bishop of Cabarsussi, and by Carmelo Juan Giaquinta, titular bishop of Zama Minore. His episcopal motto is Apostolus Jesu Christ. Transferred to the see of San Martín, July 16, 1991. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tucumán, July 8, 1999. Took possession of the see the following September 17. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 2000 at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. In the Episcopal Conference of Argentina, he was first vice-president for two consecutive terms (2005-2008 and 2008-2011), while the president was the archbishop of Buenos Aires, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. Previously, he was president of the Episcopal Commission for Catechesis and the member of the Commission for the Apostolate of the Laity. Administrator of Santiago del Estero from August 2005 to May 2006. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Tucumán on June 10, 2011. He resides in the chapel of La Santa Cruz, parish of San Martín de Porres, Tucumán, where he execises his pastoral ministry.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Girolamo a Corviale on that same day. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his title on Saturday May 9, 2015. He was named special papal envoy to the conclusive celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Diocese of Caacupé, Paraguay, programmed in the Shrine of Our Lady of the Miracles on December 8, 2016. On August 16, 2017, he was elected by the College of Consultors diocesan administrator of the archdiocese of Tucumán, vacant for the resignation of Archbishop Alfredo Horacio Zecca for reasons of health. He will occupy the post until the installation of a new archbishop. On August 23, 2017, Pope Francis named Father Carlos Alberto Sánchez, pastor of Our Lady of la Merced in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina, metropolitan archbishop of Tucumán.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Documentos y homilías, in Spanish, AICA; photograph and biographical data, in Spanish, Conferencia Episcopal Argentina; Il nuovo cardinale, «attenzione» del Papa per l'Argentina by Andrés Beltramo Álvarez, Vatican Insider, 6/01/2015; Homenajean al Arzobispo argentino que será creado Cardenal el 14 de febrero, ACI, 28 Ene. 15 / 12:07; El cardenal Villalba, administrador diocesano de Tucumán, aica.org, Agencia Informativa Católica Argentina, Miercoles 16 Ago 2017 | 08:14 am.


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(39) 20. LANGA, Júlio Duarte
(1927-

Birth. October 27, 1927, Magunze, diocese of João Belo (now Xai Xai), Moçambique.

Education. He attended the local school before entering the Seminary of Magude; then, studied in the Seminary of Namaacha, in the then archdiocese of Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 9, 1957, in the cathedral of Lourenço Marques. Assistant pastor and then pastor in the Mission of Malaisse; he was then appointed diocesan consultor, member of the Council of Priests and finally vicar general of the diocese. Because of his profound knowledge of the local languages, he oversaw the vernacular translation of the texts of the Second Vatican Council.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of João Belo, May 31, 1976. On the following October 1, the name of the diocese was changed to Xai Xai. Consecrated, at the church of San Bento, Mangunze, October 24, 1976, by Cardinal Alexandre José Maria dos Santos, O.F.M., archbishop of Maputo, assisted by Francesco Colasuonno, titular archbishop of Tronto, and by Januário Machaze Nhangumbe, bishop of Pemba. His episcopal motto is In Finem Dilexit Eos. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese of Xai Xai on June 24, 2004.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 14, 2015; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Gabriele dell'Addolorata on that same day. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his title on May 10, 2015.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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