The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Francis (2013-
Consistory of November 19, 2016 (III)

(40) 1. ZENARI, Mario (1946-

Birth. January 5, 1946, Villafranca, diocese of Verona, Italy.

Education. He obtained a doctorate in canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 5, 1970. Incardinated in the diocese of Verona. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1980. He served successively in the pontifical representations in Sénégal, Liberia, Colombia, Germany and Romania. On March 25, 1993 he was named counselor of nunciature. On February 7, 1994 he was named premanent representative of the Holy See before the International Agency of Atomic Energy (A.I.E.A.) and before the Organization for the Security and Cooperation in Europe (O.S.C.E.) and permanent observer of the Holy see before the Organization of the United Nations for Industrial Development (O.N.U.D.I.) and before the Office of the United Nations in Vienna.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Zuglio and appointed apostolic nuncio in Ivory Coast and Niger, July 12, 1999. On the followign July 24 he was named apostolic nuncio in Burkina Faso also. Consecrated, September 25, 1999, at the Cathedral Santa Maria Assunta, Verona, by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, secretary of State, assisted by Flavio Roberto Carraro, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Verona, and by Marceello Zago, O.M.I., titular archbishop of Roselle, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Levate oculos vestros. Named apostolic nuncio in Sri Lanka on May 10, 2004. Named apostolic nuncio in Syria on December 30, 2008.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Maria delle Grazie alle Fornaci fuori Porta Cavalleggeri in that same consistory. He will continue as apostolic nuncio in Syria. Took possession of his deaconry on Saturday March 25, 2017 at 6:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Naming Papal Envoy to Syria a Cardinal Is ‘Great Sign of Closeness’ From the Pope, by Elise Harris and Andrea Gagliarducci/CNA/EWTN News, National Catholic Register, Nov. 15, 2016; Las emocionantes palabras de un nuevo cardenal al Papa Francisco by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 07:37 am; Nuncio espera que 2017 sea el año del cambio en Siria, ACI, Roma, 03 Ene. 17 / 02:48 am; Nuncio Apostólico en Siria realiza su primera visita a la ciudad liberada de Alepo by María Ximena Rondón, ACI, Roma, 20 Ene. 17 / 08:55 pm; Card. Zenari: ad Aleppo immane tragedia. Astana passo positivo, audio, Radio Vaticana, 2017-01-26; Cardenal de Siria: ¿No crees en el infierno? Ven a ver lo que ocurre aquí, by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Roma, 26 Mar. 17 / 04:10 am; Tras ataque químico Nuncio en Siria compara dolor de niños con la Pasión de Cristo by María Ximena Rondón, ACI, Roma, 06 Abr. 17 / 10:14 pm; Cardinal Zenari on Syria’s Civil War: ‘The Children Are Paying the Highest Price’ by Deborah Castellano Lubov, National Catholic Register, Vatican City, May 30, 2017; Nunzio Zenari dal Papa: porto la sua carezza ai siriani. Serve fine violenze, Radio Vaticana, 2017-06-23; In Siria la situazione resta drammatica. Secondo il nunzio Zenari, L'Osservatore Roman, 29 agosto 2017.

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(41) 2. NAZAPALAINGA, C.S.Sp., Dieudonné (1967-

Birth. March 14, 1967, Mbomou, diocese of Bangassou, Central African Republic.

Education After completing his primary education, he entered the Minor Seminary of Saint Louis in Bangassou; and later, he studied at the Major Seminary of Philosophy "Saints Apôtres" in Otélé, Cameroon; he continued his formation at the Major Spiritan Seminary "Daniel Brottier", in Libreville, Gabon. He emitted his first religious vows in the Congregation of the Holy Spirit (C.S.Sp.) on September 8, 1993; and the perpetual vows on September 6, 1997. He studied at the Jesuit "Centre Sèvres", France, from 1998 to 2005, obtaining the license in theology.

Priesthood Ordained, Augutst 9, 1998. Further studies in France from 1998 to 2005. While in France, he was chaplain of the orphans of the "Fondation d’Auteuil" and parochial vicar at "St Jerôme", Marseille. Recalled to his country by his Congregation to become regional superior and pastor of Bangui from 2005 to 2009; from 2008 to 2009 he was president of the Conference of Superiors Major of Central Africa. In 2009 he was named apostolic administrator of the archdiocese of Bangui.

Episcoate. Elected metropolitan archbishop of Bangui. May 14, 2012. Consecrated, July 22, 2012, in front of the Cathedral Notre-Dame de l’Immaculée Conception, by Cardinal Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, assisted by Jude Thaddeus Okolo, titular archbishop of Novica, apostolic nuncio to the Dominican Republic, and by Edouard Mathos, bishop of Bambari. His episcopal motto is Ad imaginem Dei creavit illum (A l'Image de Dieu Il Le Crea). He took possession of the archdiocese on the following July 29. Actively engaged in the peace process of his country, in 2013, with the president of the Islamic Council and the president of the Evangelical Alliance, in the establishment of the Iterreligious Platform for the Peace in the Central African Republic. Since July 2013 he is president of the Episcopal Conference of the Central African Republic, and, as such, he participated in the Third Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Family celebrated at the Vatican in October 2014. In November 2015 he welcomed Pope Francis in Bangui for the opening of the Holy Door of the Year of Mercy.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Sant’Andrea della Valle in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal from the Central African Republic and, at the time of his creation, was the youngest member of the College of Cardinals. Took possession of his title on December 18, 2016. On January 28, 2017, the pope confirmed him as member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photographs and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Mgr Nzapalainga cardinal : l'Église des périphéries mise en lumière, audio, inerview, Radio Vatican, 10/10/2016 11:44; Le nouveau cardinal Nzapalainga visite la mosquée de Rome, Radio Vatican, 22/11/2016 15:49; Le cardinal Nzapalainga diffuse la miséricorde en Centrafrique, audio, Radio Vatican, 19/11/2016 19:54; First cardinal from the Central African Republic: “We don't even have a word for 'cardinal'”, Rome Reports, 2016-11-26; Fraternità da premiare. L’amicizia in Repubblica Centrafricana fra il cardinale Nzapalainga e l’imam Layama by Madrid Rossella Fabiani, L'Osservatore Romano, 04 febbraio 2017; La Repubblica Centrafricana tra violenza e speranza. Intervista all’arcivescovo di Bangui, cardinale Dieudonné Nzapalainga by Anna Pozzi, L'Osservatore Romano, 30 marzo 2017; After clashes, Central African cardinal urges more efforts toward peace by Jonathan Luxmoore, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Oxford, England, 5/19/2017; The situation in Bangui like 'sitting on hot coals': Cardinal by Loup Besmond de Senneville, La Croix International, July 13, 2017.

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(42) 3. OSORO SIERRA, Carlos (1945-

Birth. May 16, 1945, Castañeda, diocese and province of Santander. His parents are deceased. He has two brothers, Fernando and José Manuel.

Education. After studying education in the "Escuela Normal" and having taught for a year in Santander, he entered the seminary for late vocations "Colegio Mayor El Salvador" in Salamanca, where he studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical University in that city, obtaining the license in both disciplines. At "Universidad Complutense" he obtained the diploma in adult education.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 29, 1973 in Santander. He was incardinated in the diocese of Santander. Member of the priestly team for youth pastoral of the Parish of the Assumption in Torrelavega; director of "Casa de los Muchachos" and professor of "Escuela Universitaria de Formación del Profesorado ‘Sagrados Corazones’" from 1973 to 1975; secretary general for the pastoral of the diocese of Santander; episcopal delegate for Vocations and Seminaries and for lay apostolate; Vicar for the Pastoral from 1975 to 1996; Vicar General of the diocese of Santander from 1976 to 1994; rector of the diocesan seminary of Monte Corbán from 1977 to 1996; President cathedral chapter from 1994 to 1996; director of "Centro Asociado del Instituto Internacional de Teología a Distancia" and director of "Instituto Superior de Ciencias Religiosas San Agustín" in 1996.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Orense, December 27, 1996. Consecrated, February 22, 1997, at the cathedral of Orense, by Lajos Kada, titular archbishop of Tibica, nuncio to Spain, assisted by Julián Barrio Barrio, archbisjop of Santiago de Compostela, and by José Diéguez Reboredo, bishop of Tui-Vigo. His episcopal motto is Per Christum et cum ipso et in ipso. Promoted to the metropolian see of Oviedo, January 7, 2002. From September 2006 to September 2007 he was apostolic administrator of the diocese of Santander. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Valencia, January 8, 2009. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Madrid, August 28, 2014. Vice-president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference from March 2014 until March 14, 2017; in the Conference he has been president of the Commission for the Clergy from 1999 to 2005; and president of the Episcopal Commission for Apostolate; and member of the Executive Committee from 2005 to 2011. Participated in the 14th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on "The Vocation and the Mission of the Family in the Church and in the Contemporary World", in October 2015. On June 9, 2016, he was named Ordinary for the Catholic faithful of Oriental Rite residing in Spain.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Maria in Trastevere in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Saturday February 25, 2017, at 8 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; El Papa crea un Ordinariato para los fieles católicos orientales en España y nombra Ordinario a Mons. Osoro, Conferencia Episcopal Española, jueves 9 junio, 2016; Nuevo Cardenal Carlos Osoro: Una vocación tardía de la mano de la Virgen by Blanca Ruiz, in Spanish, ACI, Madrid, 17 Nov. 16 / 07:14 am; Nuevo Cardenal español: El Papa me ha pedido dar mi vida por la Iglesia by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 02:09 pm; Arzobispo de Madrid se estrena en la red social de Twitter con este mensaje by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 06 Ene. 17 / 08:50 am; El cardenal Osoro toma posesión de la basílica de Santa María en Trastevere by Sergio Mora, Zenit, Roma, 26 febrero 2017; El cardenal Osoro pide a España que ‘abra ya’ corredores humanitarios para los refugiados by Sergio Mora, Zenit, Roma, 26 febrero 2017; Dios es la roca de la vida, dice Cardenal Osoro al tomar posesión de su iglesia en Roma by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI, Roma, 26 Feb. 17 / 08:15 am; Cardenal Osoro bendijo comedor social en la periferia de Madrid, ACI, Madrid, 03 Abr. 17 / 10:11 am; Cardenal Osoro anima a “vivir y participar” del Año Santo Lebaniego, ACI, Madridi, 23 Abr. 17 / 03:26 pm; Cardenal Osoro prohíbe conferencia de “sacerdotisa” en parroquia de Madrid, ACI, Madridi, 25 Abr. 17 / 11:02 am; ¿Qué piden estos dos cardenales españoles a la Virgen de Fátima? by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Fátima, 13 May. 17 / 10:41 am; Cardenal Osoro animó a celebrar día de San Isidro, patrón de Madrid, “creando comunión” by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 15 May. 17 / 06:22 am; Cardenal Osoro celebra en Roma fiesta de Santiago, patrono de España, ACI, Roma, 25 Jul. 17 / 10:21 am; Cardenal Osoro destaca figura de Santiago Apóstol como referente para Europa, ACI, Roma, 25 Jul. 17 / 11:24 pm; Cardenal Osoro ante asaltos a capillas: Cristo tiene mucha más fuerza que el odio, ACI, Roma, 27 Jul. 17 / 09:46 am; Cardenal da tres consejos para vivir un verano diferente, video, ACI, Madrid, 04 Ago. 17 / 03:27 am; Arranca de nuestro corazón la envidia y la violencia, clama Cardenal a la Virgen María, ACI, Madrid, 16 Ago. 17 / 10:41 am; El Arzobispo de Madrid y otras confesiones religiosas suscriben el Pacto de la Convivencia, Revista Ecclesia, 29 agosto 2017; Cardenal Osoro destaca gran labor de religiosas con víctimas de explotación sexual by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 04 Oct. 17 / 11:31 am; Rajoy se reúne con cardenales Osoro y Omella en medio de crisis en España by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 05 Oct. 17 / 01:25 pm; Cardenal de Madrid preside Misa de acción de gracias por nuevo Santo español, ACI, Roma, 16 Oct. 17 / 06:15 am; Cardenales Blázquez y Osoro se pronuncian sobre independencia de Cataluña, ACI, Madrid, 29 Oct. 17 / 04:20 pm; El cardenal Osoro presenta en Madrid el libro Diaconado permanente, escrito por Javier Villalba NogalesMaría, eres causa de nuestra alegría, por el cardenal Carlos Osoro, arzobispo de Madrid, Ecclesia Digital, 9 de noviembre 2017; “Los mártires nos preguntan: ¿Vives con el amor de Cristo?”, cuestiona Cardenal by Blanca Ruiz, ACI, Madrid, 12 Nov. 17 / 07:26 am.

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(43) 4. ROCHA, Sergio da (1959-

Birth. October 21, 1959, Dobrada, diocese of Jaboticabal, Brazil. Son of Rubens da Rocha (+ 2000) and Aparecida Veronezi da Rocha.

Education. After finishing his elementary studies, he frequented the courses of philosophy at the Diocesan Seminary of São Carlos; and those of theology at the Theological Institute of the Pontifical Catholic University in Campinas. Obtained the license in moral theology at the Theological Faculty Nossa Senhora da Assunção, in São Paulo; and a license in philosophy at the Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) in Campinas; later, earned a master's degree in Moral Theology at the Pontifical Faculty of Theology Nossa Senhora da Assunção, de São Paulo, and the doctorate in the same discipline at Accademia Alfonsiana, of the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, January 21, 1997. Ordained a deacon on August 18, 1984 in the Church of Santa Cruz de Matão, São Paulo.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 14, 1984, in Matão, diocese of São Carlos, by Constantino Amstalden, bishop of São Carlos. Pastor at Água Vermelha and coordinator of Youth Pastoral of São Carlos from 1985 to 1986; professor of philosophy at the diocesan seminary and spiritual director of the House of Theology in Campinas from 1986 to 1987 and in 1991; rector of the Seminary of Philosophy of São Carlos from 1987 to 1988 and 1990; diocesan coordinator of the Vocational Pastoral in 1987 and 1989); parochial vicar of the cathedral of São Carlos from 1988 to 1989; parochial vicar of the parish of Nossa Senhora de Fátima in São Carlos in 1990; diocesan coordinator of pastoral and rector of the Chapel São Judas Tadeu in São Carlos in 1991; and pastor of Água Vermelha and of Santa Eudóxia. Professor of moral theology at the Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) of Campinas and rector of the diocesan theological seminary from 1997 to 2001; member of the team for the formation of the permanent deacons; member of the Presbyteral Council and of the College of Consultors.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Alba and appointed auxiliary of Fortaleza, June 13, 2001 Consecrated, August 11, 2001, cathedral of São Carlos Borromeu, by José Antônio Aparecido Tosi Marques, archbishop of Fortaleza, assisted by Joviano de Lima Júnior, S.S.S., archbishop of Ribeirão Preto, and by Bruno Gamberini, archbishop of Campinas. His episcopal motto is Omnia in Charitate. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Teresina, January 31, 2007. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Teresina, September 3, 2008. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2009, at the papal Vatican basilica. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Brasília, June 15, 2011. He took possession of the see on August 6, 2011. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2013, at the papal Vatican basilica. He has been member of the Episcopal Commission on Doctrine of the Brazilian Episcopal Conference; member of the Episcopal Commission of "Mutirão de Superação da Miséria e da Fome" of the Episcopal Conference; secretary of the Regional and in charge of the Youth and the Vocational Pastoral of the Region Northeast 1; member of the Permanent Council and of the Commission on Doctrine of the Episcopal Conference; president of the Region Northeast 1; president of the Department of Vocations and Ministries of the Epsicopal Council of Latin America (CELAM).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Croce in via Flaminia in that same consistory. On January 14, 2017, the pope named him member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. He took possession of his title on Sunday April 23, 2017 at 11 a.m. On November 18, 2017, he was named relator general of the Fifteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the theme "The youth, faith and vocational discernment" which will begin on Wednesday October 3, 2018 and end on Sunday October 28, 2018.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Portuguese, archdiocese of Brasília; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Una Chiesa che conta sui poveri. A colloquio con il cardinale Da Rocha, arcivescovo di Brasilia by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 03 gennaio 2017; Sínodo de los Jóvenes: ya hay fechas, relator general y secretarios, Eccesia Digital 18 de noviembre 2017.

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(44) 5. CUPICH, Blase Joseph (1949-

Birth. March 19, 1949, Omaha, Nebraska, United States of America. One of the nine children of Blase Cupich and Mary Mayhan Cupich. His grandparents were Croatian immigrants.

Education. After attending primary and secondary school in Omaha, he studied at College of Saint Thomas in Saint Paul, Minnesota, where he obtained a bachelor in philosophy in 1971. From 1971 to 1975 he studied theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, while residing at Pontifical North American College; obtained bachelor in Sacred Theology in 1974; and a master's in Theology in 1975; earned a doctorate in Sacramental Theology at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., in 1987, with a dissertation entitled: Advent in the Roman Tradition: An Examination and Comparison of the Lectionary Readings as Hermeneutical Units in Three Periods.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 16, 1975, by Daniel Eugene Sheehan, archbishop of Omaha. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Omaha. Vice-pastor of Saint Margaret Mary Parish and teacher at Paul VI High School in Omaha from 1975 to 1978; director of the Archdiocesan Liturgical Office and chair of the Commission on Youth, 1978 to 1981; instructor, Continuing Education of Priests Program and Diaconate Formation, Creighton University, Omaha, 1980 to 1981; secretary of the Apostolic Nunciature in Washington, D.C., from 1981 to 1987; pastor of Saint Mary Parish in Bellevue from 1987 to 1989; president/rector of the Pontifical Collegium Josephinum, Columbus, Ohio, from 1989 to 1996; pastor of Saint Robert Bellarmine Parish in Omaha from 1997 to 1998.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Rapid City on July 7, 1998. Consecrated, September 21, 1998, by Harry Joseph Flynn, archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, assisted by Elden Francis Curtiss, archbishop of Omaha, and by Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap., archbishop of Denver. His episcopal motto is Peace be with you. Installed as bishop of Rapid City on September 21, 1998. President of the National Catholic Educational Association Board from 2006 to 2008. President of the Committee for the Protection of Children and Young People of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops from 2008 to 2011. Transferred to the see of Spokane on June 30, 2010. Took possession of the see on the following September 3. He has been member of several committees in the Episcopal Conference of the United States of America and currently he is president of the Subcommittee on the Church in Central and Eastern Europe, member of the National Collections Committee and member of the Subcommittee on the Translation of Scripture Text. Member of the Board of Governors of the Catholic Extension Society and president of the Board of Directors of the National Catholic Education Association. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Chicago on September 20, 2014. He entered the archdiocese the following November 18. He received the pallium, a symbol of his unity with the pope and brother bishops, at a special mass in the metropolitan cathedral of Chicago on August 23, 2015. On July 7, 2016, he was named member of the Congregation for Bishops. Participated, by papal appointment, in the 14th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the topic of the Family, celebrated at the Vatican in October 2015.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Bartolomeo all’Isola in that same consistory. On January 28, 2017, the pope confirmed him as member of the Congregation for Bishops.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, Archdiocese of Chicago; photograph and curricullum vitae, in English, Archdiocese of Chicago; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Archbishop Cupich Instalation Mass, video, CatholicChicago, YouTube, published on Nov 25, 2014; Blase Cupich op-ed: Planned Parenthood and the muted humanity of the unborn child by Blase Cupich, Chicago Tribune, August 3, 2015 2:56 PM; Cupich as a synod delegate by Michael O'Loughlin, National Reporter, Crux, August 7, 2015; After Orlando Chicago Archbishop Urges LGBT Outreach, Gun Control by Kevin Clarke, America, Jun 18 2016 - 2:16pm; Pope taps Cupich for key bishops-making panel, Crux, July 7, 2016; Pope Francis Names Archbishop Cupich of Chicago to Congregation for Bishops by Elise Harrison, CNA/EWTN NEWS 07/07/2016; Archbishop Cupich — Newest US Church 'Kingmaker' by Matthew Benson, National Catholic Register, 07/15/2016; Chicago Archbishop and Cubs fan who shares Pope Francis' vision is elevated to cardinal, Rome Reports, 2016/11/18; Lo que piden los 3 nuevos cardenales de Estados Unidos by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 04:06 pm; Cardinal Cupich shoulders Chicago's Catholic future by Joshua J. McElwee, Chicaho, National Catholic Reporter, Dec. 5, 2016; Cardinal Cupich: Francis is giving new life to Vatican II reforms by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Vatican City, Mar. 13, 2017; Chicago Cardinal Cupich unveils church-led anti-violence initiative by David Gibson, National Catholic Reporter, Chicago, Apr. 4, 2017; The controversial legacy of Cardinal Bernardin by Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, La Croix International, May 20, 2017; Chicago cardinal thanks Texas parish for 'welcoming the stranger', National Catholic Reporter, Catholic News Service, McAllen, Texas, Aug 24, 2017; Face to faith with Chicago Cardinal Blase Cupich by Thomas Reese, National Catholic Reporter, Aug 31, 2017; Chicago cardinal extends invite to Fr. Martin amid cancellations by Brian Roewe, National Catholic Reporter, Sep 22, 2017.

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(45) 6. D'ROZARIO, C.S.C, Patrick (1943-

Birth. October 1, 1943, Barisal, diocese of Chittagong, Bangladesh, then Eastern Bengal and Assam.

Education. Joined the Congregation of the Holy Cross and pronounced his perpetual profession on June 14, 1962.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 8, 1972.

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of the new diocese of Rajshahi, May 21, 1990. Consecrated, September 12, 1990, at the Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, Bonarpara Haroa, by Theotonius Gomes, C.S.C., bishop of Dinajpur, assisted by Michael Rozario, archbishop of Dhaka and by Piero Biggio, titular archbishop of Otricoli. His episcopal motto is Joy in communion. Transferred to the see of Chittagong, the second most important of the country, February 3, 1995. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Dhaka, November 25, 2010. Succeeded to the metropolian see of Dhaka on October 22, 2011. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Bangladesh in December 2011 and, as such, participated in the Third Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Family on October 5-19, 2014. He has also been head of the United Forum of Churches of Bangladesh.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal from Bangladesh. Took possession of his title on Saturday May 13, 2017, at 6 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Coadjutor Archbishop Patrick D'Rozario, CSC, Becomes the Archbishop of Dhaka, Bangladesh Canada and Beyond, Tuesday, October 25, 2011; Interview: New Bangladesh Cardinal ‘Dumbfounded’ by Pope’s Gesture by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican City, National Catholic Register, Nov. 22, 2016; First Bangladeshi cardinal on terrorism: The whole sense of humanness is lacking, Rome Reports, 2016-11-24; Bangladeshis celebrate country's first cardinal, ucanews.com, December 12, 2016; Dhaka cardinal encourages Christians to stay united, ucanews.com, Dhaka, Bangladesh, May 5, 2017; Pope Francis' visit to Bangladesh sparks joy, enthusiasm by Stephan Uttom and Rock Ronald Rozario, ucanews.com, Dhaka, Bangladesh, August 29, 2017; Bangladés: El Papa llegará a Daca como “peregrino” by Rosa Die Alcolea, Zenit, 7 noviembre 2017.

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(46) 7. PORRAS CARDOZO, Baltazar Enrique (1944-

Birth. October 10, 1944, Caracas, Venezuela. Eldest of the eight children of Baltazar Porras Porras (+) and Blanca Luz Cardozo Heredia. The other siblings are Iván Alfredo, Teodardo Enrique, Matías Felipe, Leonardo, Nury del Rosario, José Rafael e Indira. He was baptized and confirmed on May 6, 1945, in the Cathedral of San Cristóbal, Táchira, by Rafael Arias Blanco, bishop of San Cristóbal; his godfather was Matías Cardozo Lovera (maternal grandfather); and his godmother, Rafaela Porras de Porras (paternal grandmother). He received his first Communion on December 8, 1952 in the chapel of Colegio Fray Luis de León, Caracas.

Education. Primary education, 1952 to 1956; he solemnly received the cassock on October 24, 1958, from Rafael Arias Blanco, archbishop of Caracas, in the Chapel of the Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas; secondary education, Minor Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas, 1956 to 1959; and Major Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas, 1960 to 1962, where he obtained a diploma in Humanities. After studying philosophy at the Major Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas from 1959 to 1962, he was sent to study at the Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain, where he obtained the license in theology, magna cum laude, in 1966; he received the clerical tonsure on April 14, 1963 in the Old Cathedral of Salamanca, from Francisco Barbado Viejo, bishop of Salamanca. He received the minor orders of lector and porter on December 13, 1964, in the Chapel of Padre Scío School of the Piarist Father, Salamanca, from Adolfo Rodríguez Herrera, bishop of Camagüey, Cuba; the minor orders of exorcist and accolyte on January 17, 1965, in the Chapel of the Seminary of Calatrava, Salamanca, from Mons. Mauro Rubio Repullés, bishop of Salamanca; received the subdiaconate on June 26, 1966, in the Chapel of Padre Scío School, Salamanca, from Juan Pedro Zarranz y Pueyo, bishop of Plasencia, Spain; and the diaconate, in the Cathedral of Calabozo, on October 30, 1966, from Miguel Antonio Salas, bishop of Calabozo. From 1966 to 1970, he was deacon, teacher and member of the management team of the San José de Calabozo Minor Seminary. From 1970 to 1975, he attended Instituto de Mejoramiento Profesional del Magisterio, obtaining the title of Professor of Secondary Education, specialty in Geography and History. From 1975 to 1977, he studied at Instituto Superior de Pastoral at that same university, obtaining a doctorate in pastoral theology. He studied French at Institut Catholique, Paris, 1964; and at Alliance Française, Paris, 1965; and English at Trinity College, Dublín, in 1976. On April 24, 1987, he obtained the title of radio announcer, certification 14.066, issued by the Ministry of Transport and Communications.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 30, 1967, at the Cathedral of Calabozo, Venezuela, from Miguel Antonio Salas, bishop of Calabozo. Pastor of Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles Parish, Calabozo, from 1967 to 1969. Chaplain of Hospital Mercedes, Calabozo, from 1969 to 1971. Chancellor-Secretary of the Episcopal Curia of Calabozo, from 1968 to 1975. President of the Sectional Guárico of the Asociación Venezolana de Educación Católica (AVEC), from 1970 to 1971. Diocesan Assessor of the Movement of Cursillos de Cristiandad of the diocese of Calabozo, from 1969 to 1975. Venezuelan Representative at the Third Latinamerican Ecounter of Cursillos de Cristiandad in Itaici, Brazil, in 1972. Representative to the Second World Encounter of Cursillos de Cristiandad in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, in 1973. Board Member of the Pastoral Council of Calabozo, from 1971 to 1975. Member of the Calabozo Presbyteral Council, from 1971 to 1975. Director of the Diocesan Secretariat of Liturgy of Calabozo, from 1970 to 1975. Pastor of Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes, Calabozo, from 1972 to 1975. Further studies in Madrid, Spain, 1975 to 1977. Member of the management team of the Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas, from January to July 1978; its Vicerector, from 1978 to 1979; Professor of Dogmatics and Pastoral, from 1978-1983; its Academic Subdirector, from 1979 to 1981; in 1981 the Major Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas became the University Institute Santa Rosa de Lima Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas, from 1981 to 1982. Vice-president of the Organization of Seminaries of Venezuela (OSVEN), from 1978 to 1980; its president, from 1981 to 1983. Rector of the Seminary San José for adult vocations in El Hatillo, Caracas, from 1979 to 1983. Member ex officio of the Presbyteral Council of the Archdiocese of Caracas, from 1979 to 1983. Vice-president of the Organization of Latinamerican Seminaries (OSLAM), from 1982 to 1983. Team Advisor of the Movement of Cursillos de Cristiandad, Caracas, from 1979 to 1983. Director of the Theological Review Iglesia Pascual, from 1979 to 1981. Director of ADSUM, official organ of the Archdiocese of Caracas, from 1982 to 1983.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Lamdia and named auxiliary of Mérida, July 30, 1983. Consecrated, September 17, 1983, at Cathedral Inmaculada Concepción, Mérida, by Cardinal José Alí Lebrún Moratinos, archbishop of Caracas, assisted by Miguel Antonio Salas Salas, C.J.M., archbishop of Mérida, and by Domingo Roa Pérez, archbishop of Maracaibo. His episcopal motto is In nomine tuo. Vicar Episcopal for the Social Means of Communication and Lay Apostolate of the Archdiocese of Mérida, from 1983 to 1991. Interim Secretary of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference and President of the Organizing Commission of the Papal Visit to Venezuela, from 1984 to 1985. Rector of the Major Archdiocesan Seminary of Mérida, from 1984 to 1987. Director of the Theological Studies Center Juan Pablo II of the Archdiocese of Mérida, from 1985 to 1991. President of the Episcopal Commission of Lay Apostolate of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 1984 to 1987. President of the Episcopal Commission of Agents and Responsible of the Section of Lay Apostolate of the venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 1987 to 1990. President of the Episcopal Commission of Faith and Liturgy and Responsible of the Sector Liturgy of the Venezuela Episcopal Conference, from 1990 to 1993. Member of the Permanent Commission of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 1987 to 1990; 1990 to 1993; 1993 to 1996; and 1996 to 1999. Member of the Episcopal Commission on Education of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (CELAM), from 1987 to 1991. Representative of the Venezuelan Episcopate to the 7th Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Vocation and Mission of the Lay in the Church and in the World, Vatican City, October 1987. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Mérida on October 30, 1991. Took possession of the see on the following December 5, in the metropolitan cathedral of Mérida. From March 2, 1998 to June 18, 1999 he was apostolic administrator, sede vacante, of the diocese of San Cristóbal. Member, by election, of the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), celebrated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republis, in Octubre 1992. Vice-president of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 1993 to 1996; and from 1996 to 1999. Representative of the Venezuelan Episcopate to the 45th International Eucharistic Congress of Sevilla, June 7–13, 1993. Consultor of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Wealth of the Holy See, from 1995 to 2000). President of the Department of the Lai (DELAI) of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (CELAM), from 1995 to 1999. President of the Coordinating Commission for the second Papal Visit to Venezuela, from 1995 to 1996). Member of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Wealth of the Holy See for two quinquenniums, May 21, 1997 to 2002; and 2002 to 2007. Member, by election, of the Synod for America, celebrated at the Vatican, November-December 1997. Member of the Postsynodal Council of the Special Synod for America, Vatican City, from December 1997. President of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 1999 to 2003; and from 2003 to 2006. President of the Department of Communications of the Episcopal Council of Latin America (CELAM) from 2003 to 2007. President of the Episcopal Commissions of Social Communication and of Culture of the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference, from 2006 to 2009. First Vice-president of the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), from 2007 to 2011.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Giovanni Evangelista e Petronio in that same consistory. On January 14, 2017, the pope named him members of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. Took possession of his title on Sunday June 11, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; As Venezuela’s referendum is suspended, new cardinal calls for dialogue by David V. Barrett, Catholic Herald, Friday, 21 Oct 2016; Con mi elección el Papa regala “bocanada de aire fresco” a Venezuela, dice nuevo Cardenal by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 08:23 am; El cardenal Porras: La ‘teología latinoamericana’ es más cultural que política by Sergio Mora, Zenit, Roma, 29 noviembre 2016; Venezuela: Cardenal afirma que correcciones del TSJ solo son “retoques cosméticos”, ACI, Caracas, 03 Abr. 17 / 05:44 pm; Venezuela: Cardenal critica decisión de Maduro de convocar Asamblea Constituyente, ACI, Caracas, 03 May. 17 / 12:34 pm; Cardinal Baltazar Porras: In Venezuela, people go hungry, video, Rome Reports, 2017-05-05; Gobierno crea más incertidumbre al insistir con Constituyente, advierte Cardenal Porras, ACI, Caracas, 25 May. 17 / 02:52 pm; Cardenal Baltazar Porras sobre Venezuela: No podemos perder la esperanza by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Roma, 12 Jun. 17 / 05:28; El cardenal venezolano Baltazar Porras toma posesión de su iglesia romana by Sergio Mora, Zenit, Roma, 12 junio 2017.

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(47) 8. DE KESEL, Jozef (1947-

Birh. June 17, 1947, Gent, Eastern Flanders, Belgium. One of the nine children of Albert De Kesel and Gabriëlle Boels. Both his parents are deceased. His uncle Leo-Karel Jozef De Kesel (1903-2001) was auxiliary bishop of Ghent from 1961 to 1990. His first name is also listed as Josef.

Education. After completing his secondary education at Sint-Vincentius College in Eeklo, he went to the seminary in September 1965. He studied a year of philosophy at Sint-Paulus Seminary in Ghent-Mariakerke. He then followed the candidacies of Philosophy and Arts (History section) at the Catholic University of Leuven. He then attended the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, from 1968 and obtained the baccalaureate and license. Obtained a doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1977 with the dissertation “Le refus décidé de l’objectivation. Une interprétation du Jésus historique dans la théologie chez Rudolf Bultmann». He speaks French, Dutch, English and Italian.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 26, 1972, for the diocese of Gent, in the parish church of Adegem, by Leo-Karel Jozef De Kesel, titular bishop of Sinao, auxiliary of Gent. From 1974 to 1980 he was a religion professor at Sint-Vincentius College and Sint-Leoinstituut in Eeklo and there was also responsible for the pastoral of the school. From 1977 to 1980 he was a lecturer at the Social School of Gent. He gave courses in religion, philosophical anthropology and current trends. From 1980 to 1996 he was prefect and professor at the Major Seminary of Gent. He taught dogmatic and fundamental theology. At the same time he also taught theological courses at the Higher Diocesan Religious Institute in Gent, where he became president in 1992. Since 1983 he was responsible for the training of pastoral workers in the diocese of Gent. From 1989 to 1992 he taught Christology at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Leuven. On March 1, 1992, Bishop Arthur Luysterman of Gent appointed him episcopal vicar, responsible for the theological and pastoral education and training of priests, deacons, religious and laity.

Episcopate. Elected to the titular see of Bulna and appointed auxiliary of Mechelen-Brussel, March 20, 2002. Consecrated, May 26, 2002, at the cathedral of Brussels, by Cardinal Godfried Danneels, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel, assisted by Arthur Luysterman, bishop of Gent, and by Rémy Victor Vancottem, titular bishop of Unizibira, auxiliary of Mechelen-Brussel. His episcopal motto is Vobiscum christianu. From 2002 to 2010 he was Vicar General for the Vicariate of Brussel. On March 17, 2010 he was named Vicar General of the Vicariate of the Flemish Brabant and of the zone of Mechelen. Transferred to the see of Brugge on August 25, 2010. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Mechelen-Brussel on November 6, 2015. Took possession of the see on December 12, 2015. Named Military Ordinary for Belgium on November 6, 2015. Took possession on April 27, 2016. In Januay 2016 he was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Belgium. He is the author of numerous articles and a book on the Church and on the various aspects of the Christian life.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Giovanni e Paolo in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Saturday March 25, 2017 at 5 p.m.

Webgraphy. Curriculum vitae, in Dutch, archdiocese of Mechelen-Brussel; photograph and biograpy, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; L'émotion de Mgr Jozef De Kesel, bientôt créé cardinal, audio, Radio Vatican, 10/10/2016 16:32; Cardinal-Elect De Kesel Brings Problematic Record on Handling Clergy Abuse Allegations by Edward Pentin, National Cathotlic Register, Brussels, Nov. 18, 2016.

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(48) 9. PIAT, C.S.Sp., Maurice (1941-

Birth. July 19, 1941, Moka, diocese di Port-Luis, Mauritius. Youngest child of Maurice Piat and Alix Kœnig. His middle name is Evenor.

Education. After his secondary studies at Collège du Saint-Esprit, Quatre-Bornes, Mauritius, he entered the novitiate of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Spiritans) in Ireland, where he made his religious profession on September 8, 1962. He obtained a bachelor of arts at the University College, Dublin; he was admitted to the Pontifical French Seminary in Rome and continued his theological studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University obtaining a license in theology in 1972.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 2, 1970, by Jean Margéot, bishop of Port Louis. Further theological studies from 1970 to 1972. After finishing his formation, he spent three months ministering in Bangalore, India. Returned to his country and was named professor and catechist at Collège du Saint-Esprit, Quatre-Bornes. In 1982 he was made responsible for the aspirants to the seminary at Foyer Monseigneur-Murphy, Vacoas. From 1977 to 1979 he took a course at Institut pour la Formation des Educateurs du Clergé. After returning to Mauritius, was Sunday vicar at the parish Saint-François-d’Assise a Pamplemousses from 1979 to 1985; and then, in 1986, pastor of the parish of the Cœur-Immaculé-de-Marie in Rivière-du-Rempart. Besides, in 1981 he became responsible for the diocesan pastoral project for the ecclesiastical communities of base; and successively, Episcopal Vicar for the formation and coordination of diocesan pastoral. In those years he contributed to the creation of a center of formation in Thabor, Beau-Bassin.

Episcopate. Named coadjutor of the bishop of Port Louis, Cardinal Jean Margéot, January 21, 1991. Consecrated, May 19, 1991, at Stadium Marie Reine de la Paix, Port Louis, by Cardinal Jean Margeot, bishop of Port Louis, assisted by Gilbert Guillaume Marie-Jean Aubry, bishop of St-Denis-de-La Réunion, by Maurice Couve de Murville, archbishop of Birmingham, and by Alphonsus Mathias, archbishop of Bangalore. His episcopal motto is Pousse vers le large. Succeeded to the see of Port-Louis on March 15, 1993. President of the Episcopal Conference of the Indian Ocean (C.E.D.O.I.) from 1996 to 2002 and again from 2013 to September 2016. Since 2000 he has been member of the Permanent Committee of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (S.C.E.A.M.). On September 6, 2006, the City of Port Louis conferred on him the award Honorary Freedom of the City. In 2009 he was named Grand Officer of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean by Sir Anerood Jugnauth, president of Mauritius. Participated in the 14th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Family, Vatican City, October 4-25, 2015.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Teresa al Corso d’Italia in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in French, Diocèse de Port-Louis; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Émotion de Mgr Maurice Piat, futur cardinal de l'Église catholique, audio, in French, Radio Vatican, 09/10/2016 17:28; Mauritius cardinal confirms that for Francis, ‘last shall be first’ is the rule by John L. Allen Jr., Crux, October 14, 2016.

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(49) 10. FARRELL, Kevin Joseph (1947-

Birth. September 2, 1947, Dublin, Ireland. His older brother, Brian Farrell, L.C., is titular bishop of Abitane and secretary of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

Education. After completing his primary and secondary education, he attended the University of Salamanca, Spain; and later, the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. He obtained the license in philosophy and and in theology at S. Tommaso d'Aquino University, Rome. Later, he completed a master's degree in business administration at Notre Dame University, South Bend, Indiana, United States of America. Joined the Congregation of the Legionaires of Christ in 1966.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 24, 1978. Chaplain at the University of Monterrey, México; professor of economic studies; general administrator with the responsibilty for seminaries and schools of the Legionaires of Christ in Italy, Spain and Ireland. In 1983 he exercised his pastoral ministry at the parish of Saint Bartholomew, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America. In 1984 he left the Congregation of the Legionaires of Christ and was incardinated in the archdiocese of Washington, where he was vice-pastor of the parish of Saint Thomas the Apostle from 1984 to 1985; director of the Spanish Catholic Center in 1986; executive director regent of the Catholic Charitable Organizations from 1987 to 1988; secretary for the Financial Affairs from 1989 to 2001; pastor of the Annunciation Parish from 2000 to 2002.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Rusuccuru and appointed auxiliary of Washington, December 28, 2001. Consecrated, February 11, 2002, at the Basilica Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., by Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, archbishop of Washington, assisted by Cardinal James Aloysius Hickey, archbishop emeritus of Washington, and by Leonard James Olivier, S.V.D., titular bishop of Legia, auxiliary of Washington. His episcopal motto is State in Fide. From 2001 he was Vicar General for Administration and Moderator of the Curia. On March 6, 2007, he was transferred to the see of Dallas. Named prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, the Family and Life, August 15, 2016.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of San Giuliano Martire in that same consistory. Took possession of his deaconry on January 29, 2017. On June 10, 2017, the pope named him member of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See. On October 7, 2017, he was named special papal envoy to the inauguration of the Dome dedicated to the Most Holy Trinity in the Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., National Shrine of the United States of America, programmed for December 8, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Dallas' Catholic bishop prepares for move to Vatican by Cynthia Izaguirre, WFAA, September 29, 2016, 10:40 PM. CDT; Bishops need shared approach to 'Amoris Laetitia,' new cardinal says by Cindy Wooden, Catholic News Service, Vatican City, 11.16.2016 3:15 PM ET; Lo que piden los 3 nuevos cardenales de Estados Unidos by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 04:06 pm; Cardinal hopes January dates for WYD in Panama won't keep students away by Cindy Wooden, The Pilot, CNS, Vatican City, 1/25/2017; Card. Farrell: Amoris Laetitia is one of the best instruments to prepare for married life, Rome Reports, Vatican, 2017/01/03; XI Encuentro Mundial de la Familia – Car. Farrell: Manifestaremos cuanto es bello el designio de Dios sobre la familia by Sergio Mora, Zenit, Ciudad del Vaticano, 30 Mar. 2017.

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(50) 11. AGUIAR RETES, Carlos (1950-

Birth. January 9, 1950, Tepic, Nayarit, México.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Tepic; later, at Montezuma Seminary, near Las Vegas, United States of America; and at the Seminary of Tula. Successively, he obtained the license in Sacred Scriptures at the Pontificial Biblical Institute of Rome; and the doctorate in biblical theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 22, 1972. Parochial vicar; rector of the Seminary of Tepic and the same time president of the Orgainzation of Mexican Seminaries (OSMEX); member of the executive council of the Latin American Seminaries. Rector of the John XXIII Residence for priests at the Pontifical University of México and professor of Sacred Scriptures at that university.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Texcoco, May 28, 1997. Consecrated, June 29, 1997, at Feria del Caballo, Texcoco, by Cardinal Adolfo Suárez Rivera, archbishop of Monterrey, assisted by Magín Camerino Torreblanca Reyes, bishop emeritus of Texcoco, and by Alfonso Humberto Robles Cota, bishop of Tepic. His episcopal motto is Que todos sean uno. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tlalnepantla on February 5, 2009. Secretary general of the Episcopal Conference of México from 2004 to 2006; its president from 2006 to 2012. Secretary General of the Episcopal Coouncil of Latin America (CELAM) from 2000 to 2003; its first vice-president from 2003 to 2007; and finally, its president from 2011 to 2015. Participated, by papal appointment, in the Assembles of the Synod of Bishops on the Family celebrated at the Vatican in October 2015 and October 2015.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Fabiano e Venanzio a Villa Fiorelli in that same consistory. On January 14, 2017, the pope named him member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. On January 28, 2017, the pope confirmed him as member of the Pontifical Council for the Interreligious Dialog. Took possession of his title on June 11, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; arms and biographical information, in Spanish, Wikipedia; Este es el gran desafío de México según su nuevo Cardenal, ACI, 19 Nov. 16 / 05:12 pm.

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(51) 12. RIBAT, M.S.C., John (1957-

Birth. February 9, 1957, Volavolo, archdiocese of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea.

Education. After having attended the elementary schools of Naveo and Volavolo, he went to the Malabunga Government High School in Rabaul. Completed the superior schooling at the Minor Seminary of St. Peter Chanel in Ulapia, and joined the Congregation of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (M.S.C.), where he emitted the first profession on Februry 2, 1979. He studied philosophy and theology at Holy Spirit Seminary in Bomana.

Priesthood. Ordained December 1, 1985. From 1985 until 1991 he realized pastoral work in several parishes of the diocese of Bereina; then, he took a course of formation at Center SAIDI of Manila; and from 1992 to 1996 he was master of novices; in 1997, he was parish pastor; and from 1998 to 2000, master of novices in Suva, in the island of Fiji.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Macriana Minore and appointed auxiliary of Bereina, Papua New Guinea, October 30, 2000. Consecrated, February 11, 2001, at the cathedral of Bereina, by Gérard-Joseph Deschamps, S.M.M,, bishop of Bereina, assisted by Brian James Barnes, O.F.M., archbishop of Port Moresby, and by Benedict To Varpin, archbishop of Madang. His episcopal motto is Peace through Jesus' Heart. Transferred to the see of Bereina, February 12, 2002. Named archbishop coadjutor of Port Moresby on April 16, 2007. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Port Moresby on March 26, 2008. He was president of the Episcopal Conference of Papua New Guinea and Salomon Island from 2011 to 2014. Since 2014 he is president of the Federation of the Conferences of the Catholic Bishops of Oceania (FCBCO). He was awarded the Order of the British Empire (civil division) and bestowed Knight of the British Empire on June 15, 2016.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Giovanni Battista de’ Rossi in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal from Papua New Guinea. Took possession of his title on Sunday February 5, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; ,strong>photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Ribat, primo cardinale della Papua Nuova Guinea: ora siamo più vicini, Radio Vaticana, 2016-11-18.

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(52) 13. TOBIN, C.Ss.R., Joseph William (1952-

Birth. May 3, 1952, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America. Eldest of the thirteen children, five boys and eight girls, of Joseph W. Tobin († January 28, 1977) and Marie Terese Kerwin. He was baptized on May 8, 1952 at Holy Redeemer Parish, Detroit.

Education. Joined the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (C.Ss.R.) and emitted the temporary profession on August 5, 1972; and the solemn profession on August 21, 1976. In 1975 he obtained a bachelor in philosophy from the Holy Redeemer College, Waterford, Wisconsin; in 1977 he obtained a master's degree in Religious Education; and in 1979 a master's degree in Divinity (Pastoral Theology), from Mount Saint Alphonsus Major Seminary, Esopus, New York. He was ordained a deacon on April 30, 1978. Besides his native English, he speaks Spanish, French, Italian and Portuguese and reads several other languages.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 1, 1978. Parochial vicar at the Holy Redeemer Parish, Detroit, from 1979 to 1984; and pastor from 1984 to 1990; episcopal vicar of the archdiocese of Detroit from 1980 to 1986; pastor of Saint Alphonsus parish in Chicago from 1990 to 1991. In 1991 he was elected consultor general of his Order; and on September 9, 1997, he was elected superior general; confirmed in that charge on September 26, 2003. In that same year, he was elected vice-president of the Union of Superior Generals. He was member of the Council for relations between the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostlic Life and the International Union of Superiors and Superiors general from 2001 to 2009.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Obba and appointed secretary of the Congregation for the Institues of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, August 2, 2010. Consecrated, October 9, 2010, at the patriarchal Vatican Basilica, by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, assisted by Cardinal Franc Rodé, C.M., prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, and by Cardinal Agostino Vallini, vicar general of Rome. His episcopal motto is Gaudete in Domino. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America, October 18, 2012. Took possession of the see the following December 3. It is said that his transfer to Indianapolis was due to the fact that he disagreed with what proved to be a disastrously unpopular Vatican investigation of the American nuns over doctrinal orthodoxy. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Newark, New Jersey, United States of America, November 7, 2016, after the pope had announced that he would be created a cardinal. In the Episcopal Conference of the United States of America he has been chairman of the Committee on Clergy, Consecrated Life and Vocations and of the Committee on Evangelization and Catechesis; and also, president of the Subcommittee on the Catechism.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Maria delle Grazie a Via Trionfale in that same consistory. Took possession of the metropolitan see of Newark on January 6, 2017. On January 28, 2017, the pope confirmed him as member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life. Took possession of his title on Sunday January 29, 2017. He received the pallium from Pope Francis in the Papal Vatican Basilica on June 29, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, Archdiocese of Indianapolis; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal-designate Tobin emphasizes need to combat fear, help refugees by Molly Gettinger, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Notre Dame, Indiana, 10/17/2016; Papa Francisco traslada de arquidiócesis a futuro cardenal en Estados Unidos by Walter Sánchez Silva, aciprens.com, Vaticano, 07 Nov. 16 / 07:30 am; Francis appoints Indianapolis' Tobin as archbishop of Newark, first cardinal in archdiocese's history by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Vatican City, Nov 7, 2016; Cardinal-designate Tobin, Newark's new leader, has always had a missionary heart by Patricia Lefevere, National Catholic Reporter, Nov 8, 2016; Lo que piden los 3 nuevos cardenales de Estados Unidos by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Vaticano, 19 Nov. 16 / 04:06 pm; by Beth Griffin, The Pilot, CNS, Newark, N.J., 1/6/2017; Cardinal Tobin Steps Into New Role in Newark by Michael O'Loughlin, America, The National Catholic Review, Jan 6 2017 - 6:00 pm; Newark’s Archbishop assails Trump immigration orders, Crux, Associated Press, January 29, 2017; Políticas de inmigración de Trump son inhumanas, asegura Cardenal estadounidense by Walter Sánchez Silva, Washington, D.C., 30 Ene. 17 / 02:48 pm; Historic welcome for LGBT Catholics. Tobin welcomes LGBT group to cathedral by Rev. Alexander Santora/For the Jersey Journal, posted on May 12, 2017 at 8:17 AM; Cardinal Tobin calls for immigration reform by Peter Feuerherd, Catholic National Reporter, Brooklyn, N.Y., May. 18, 2017; Cardinal Tobin urges solidarity with people facing deportation as immigration arrests spike by Wyatt Massey, America, the Jesuit Review, May 17, 2017; As Church Shifts, a Cardinal Welcomes Gays; They Embrace a ‘Miracle’ by Sharon Otterman, Newark, The New York Times, June 13, 2017; El cardenal que representa los nuevos tiempos de Francisco by Sandro Pozzi, El País, Nueva York, 24 jun 2017 - 17:12 EDT; Cardinals on Opposite Sides of the Hudson Reflect Two Paths of Catholicism by Sharon Otterman, The New York Times, July 16, 2017; Real story on Dolan and Tobin in NY? Try ‘America Past Acrimony’ by John L. Allen Jr., Crux, July 18, 2017.

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(53) 14. FERNANDEZ, Anthony Soter (1932-

Birth. April 22, 1932, Sungai Patani, Penang, Malaysia. From a family of Indian origin.

Education. (No information found).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 10, 1966.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Penang, September 29, 1977. Consecrated, February 17, 1978, at General College, Penang, by Gregory Young Sooi Nghean, archbishop of Singapore, assisted by James Chan Soon Cheong, bishop of Melaka-Johor, and by Anthony Lee Kok Hin, bishop of Miri. Promoted to the metropolitan see of of Kuala Lumpur on July 2, 1993. Took possession of the archdiocese on the following November 10. Resigned from the pastoral government of the archdiocese on April 15, 2003. Since then, he resides in the Major Seminary of Penand, where he devotes himself to the formation of the priests as spiritual director. He was president of the Episcopal Conference of Malaysia-Singapore-Brunei for two terms, 1987 to 1990 and 2000 to 2003.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Sant’Alberto Magno in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. He is the first cardinal from Malaysia. Took possession of his title on November 21, 2016.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, biographical information, address and contact details, in English, Herald Malaysia On Line; All invited for Cardinal Fernandez’s celebration, Kuala Lumpur, Herald Malaysia Online, Archdiocese of Bombay, Dec. 20, 2016.

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(54) 15. CORTI, Renato (1936-

Birth. March 1, 1936, Galbiate, province of Como, archdiocese of Milan, Italy.

Education. After finishing his elementary education, he studied in the Milanese seminaries completing his priestly formation.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1959, by Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini, archbishop of Milan, future pope and blessed. Parochial cooperator at the Oratory of Caronno Pertusella from 1959 to 1967. He then was assigned to the Archiepiscopal College of Gorla as spiritual director. In 1969 he was transferred to Saronno with the same charge; and later was its rector during the theological course of 1977 to November 1980, when he was chosen by Archbishop Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., of Milan as vicar general.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Zallata and appointed auxiliary of Milan, April 30, 1981. Consecrated, June 6, 1981, at Basilica of St. Ambrose, Milan, by Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., archbishop of Milan, assisted by Libero Tresoldi, titular bishop of Altino, auxiliary of Milan, and by Bernardo Citterio, titular bishop of Floriana, auxiliary of Milan. His episcopal motto is Cor ad cor loquitur. Besides his archdiocesan duties he was president of the Commission for the Clergy of the Italian Episcopal Conference (CEI). Transferred to the see of Novara on December 19, 1990; he solemnly entered the diocese on March 3, 1991. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese for reason of age on November 24, 2011. For ten years ending in 2005 he was vice-president of the Italian Episcopal Conference. In February 2005 he preached the spiritual exercises of the Roman Curia, which were the last one in which Pope John Paul II participated. In 2015 Pope Francis asked him to write the meditations for the traditional Via Crucis of Good Friday at the Collosseum.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Giovanni a Porta Latina in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his title on Sunday May 14, 2017, at 11:30 a.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, biographical profile, homilies and information and contacts, in Italian, diocese of Novara; La responsabilità del consiglio. A colloquio con il cardinale Renato Corti vescovo emerito di Novara by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 30 dicembre 2016.

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(55) 16. KHOARAI, O.M.I., Sebastian Koto (1929-

Birth. September 11, 1929, Koaling, diocese of Leribe, Lesotho.

Education. Joined the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1956.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Mohale’s Hoek, November 10, 1977. Consecrated, April 2, 1978, at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Mohale’s Hoek, by Alfonso Liguori Morapeli, O.M.I., archbishop of Maseru, assisted by Joseph Patrick Fitzgerald, O.M.I., archbishop-bishop of Johannesburg, and by Paul Khoarai, bishop of Leribe. In May 2006 he resigned the pastoral government of the diocese for reasons of age and was apostolic administrator of the see until February 11, 2014. From 1982 to 1987 he was president of the Episcopal Conference of Lesotho.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 19, 2016; he was assigned the title of San Leonardo da Porto Maurizio ad Acilia; he was not able to participate in the consistory due to poor health. The cardinalitial insignias will be sent to him in Lesotho. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. He is the first cardinal from Lesotho.

Webgraphy. Photographs and biographical data, Oblate Communications; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, catholicphilly, World News Service.

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(56) 17. SIMONI, Ernest (1928-

Birth. October 18, 1928, Troshani, a village a few kilometers from Scutari (Shkodrë), Albania. From a profoundly religious family.

Education. He entered the Franciscan School in Troshani when he was 10 years old, starting his formation for the priesthood. In 1948, at the height of the persecution of the Communist regime of Enver Hoxha, the Franciscan convent was sacked and converted into a place of torture for the prisoners. The Friars were shot and the novices were expelled. Ernest was 20 and was sent by the regime to teach in a remote village in the mountains; there, his work as a teacher became above all a missionary work of evangelization. After two years of very hard military service from 1953 to 1955, he completed clandestinely the studies of theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 7, 1956, in Scutari. In obedience to the bishop, he was incardinated in the diocese of Scutari although at heart he remained profoundly Franciscan. On December 24, 1963, after celebrating the Christmas Mass, he was arrested in the church of Barbullush and taken to the prison of Scutari and placed in an isolation cell. He was sentenced eighteen years for "agitation and propaganda". He served his term in the prisons of Rubik, Vlorë, Laç, Elbasan, and, for ten years, in the prison of Spaç, where he worked in the mines. In prison he became the spiritual father of the inmates and their reference point. On May 22, 1973 he was again sentenced to death as the alleged instigator of a revolt, but on account of favorable testimony from his jailers the sentence was not carried out. Another difficult moment was when he was put in chains and he almost died. After having been freed in 1981, he was still considered "an enemy of the people" and forced to work in the sewers of Scutari. He exercised his priestly ministry clandestinely until the fall of the regime in 1990. Since then he has continued to serve as a humble priest in several villages, such as Kabash, Pukë, Kukël, Gocaj, Barbullush, Mal i Jushit, Torovicë and Sumë, sparing no effort to reconcile many people avoiding revenge and offering his testimony. This testimony profoundly moved Pope Francis during his visit to Tirana on September 21, 2014, when they met and embraced in the cathedral of that city. On September 20, 2016, during the vist to Assisi, he sat at the table next to the pope.

Episcopate. He declined episcopal consecration because of age.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 19, 2016; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Maria della Scala in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his deaconry on February 12, 2017. On July 15, 2017, the Pope named him special papal envoy to the consecration of the church dedicated to Saint Teresa of Calcutta in the city of Pristina, Apostolic Administration of Prizren, Kosovo, programmed for September 5, 2017.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, Holy See Press Office; Sacerdote que se salvó de morir e hizo llorar al Papa Francisco será creado cardenal, ACI, Vaticano, 09 Oct. 16 / 09:48 am; The story of the Albanian martyr priest who will be made a cardinal by Pope Francis, Rome Reports, 2016-11-17; Cardinal-Elect Simoni’s Appointment: Elevating Albania’s Martyrs by Victor Gaetan, National Catholic Register, Nov. 18, 2016; Ho perdonato i miei aguzzini. La testimonianza del cardinale Ernest Simoni by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, Anno CLVII n. 35 (47.469), Città del Vaticano, domenica 12 febbraio 2017, p. 8; Cardenal torturado por el comunismo toma posesión de su Diaconía en Roma by Miguel Pérez Pichel, ACI, Roma, 12 Feb. 17 / 09:08 am; El Papa envía a Cardenal Simoni para dedicación de iglesia a la Madre Teresa de Calcuta, ACI, Vaticano, 15 Jul. 17 / 08:51 am; Santa Teresa de Calcuta: Nuevo santuario en Pristina, Albania, Zenit, Roma, 5 septiembre 2017; Kosovo consecrates cathedral to St Teresa of Calcutta, Associated Press, Catholic Herald, posted Wednesday, 6 Sep 2017.

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