The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Francis (2013-
Consistory of June 28, 2018 (V)

(62) 1. SAKO, Louis Raphaël I (1948-

Birth. July 4, 1948, Zakho, Iraq. His birth name was Louis Sako. His name in Syriac is ܠܘܝܣ ܪܘܦܐܝܠ ܩܕܡܝܐ ܣܟܘ.

Education. He studied at the Seminary of Saint-jean, Mosul, directed by the Dominican Friars. He obtained a doctorate in Oriental Patrology at the Pontifical Oriental Institute, Rome. Later, he obtained a doctorate in History at La Sorbonne University in Paris. He speaks Syriac, German, French, English, Italian, and Arabic.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 1, 1974, for the Chaldean Archeparchy of Mosul. Pastoral ministry in the cathedral of Mosu until 1979. Further studies in Rome and in Paris. Rector of the Patriarchal Seminary of Baghdad from 1997 to 2002.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Kerkuk of the Chaldeans, October 24, 2002. Confirmed, September 27, 2003. Consecrated, November 14, 2003, at the Monastery of Saint Hormizda of the Antonin Monks, by André Sana, archbishop emeritus of Kerkuk of the Chaldeans, assisted by Shlemon Warduni, titular bishop of Anbar, auxiliary of Babylon of the Chaldeans, and by Paulos Faraj Rahho, archbishop of Mosul of the Chaldeans. Elected patriarch of the Chaldeans with the name Louis Raphaël I on January 31, 2013. He received the ecclesiastical communio from Pope Benedict XVI on February 1, 2013. On November 14, 2015, the Synod of Bishops announced that Pope Francis had named him as one of his three appointments to that body's council.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal patriarch in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta and the cardinalitial ring in that same consistory. On July 14, 2018, he was named one of the Presidents Delegate of the 15th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops programmed for October 3 to 28, 2018.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; El Papa concede el beneplácito a Louis Raphael I Sako como nuevo Patriarca de la Iglesia Caldea, InfoCatólica, 2/02/13 10:21 AM; Archbishop: Naming Chaldean as cardinal is gift to struggling church by Doreen Abi Raad, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Beirut, 5/21/2018; El nuevo Cardenal para Irak es “un impulso de esperanza” para cristianos perseguidos by María Ximena Rondón, ACI Prensa, 22 de mayo de 2018 9:44 pm; La forza dell’unione. Rilanciata dal patriarca Sako l’idea di un Consiglio delle Chiese in Iraq, L'Osservatore Romano, 08 giugno 2018; Nuevo cardenal de Irak: Se necesita nueva pastoral tras derrota del Estado Islámico by María Ximena Rondón, ACI Prensa, 12 de junio de 2018 10:30 pm; Patriarca caldeo fa gli auguri ai musulmani per la festa di Eid al Fitr e partecipa a una cena per la fine del Ramadan, Agenzia Fides, Baghdad, venerdì, 15 giugno 2018; Il patriarca Sako: resto un padre e un pastore by Amedeo Lomonaco, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 28 giugno 2018, 07:30, with video; Il saluto del card. Sako al Papa: noi nuovi cardinali preghiamo per la pace by Michele Raviart, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 28 giugno 2018, 16:49; Patriarca de Irak ofrece primera Misa como cardenal por la paz en Medio Oriente by Marría Ximena Rondón, ACI Prensa, 2 de julio de 2018 1:02 pm; Entrevista: Cardenal Sako: “Occidente no debe permanecer indiferente” by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Zenit, julio 12, 2018 19:43; Cardenal Sako de Irak envía conmovedora carta a su país destrozado por el terrorismo by Marría Ximena Rondón, ACI Prensa, 21 de julio de 2018 6:30 pm; Dialogo e rispetto. A colloquio con il cardinale Sako by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 25 luglio 2018; Iraqi Cardinal appeals to the citizens of Iraq to come together by Francesca Merlo, vaticannews.va, 26 July 2018, 15:10; Patriarca caldeo ai politici: serve un “governo forte di coalizione” per togliere armi a milizie settarie, Agenzia Fides, Baghdad, martedì, 31 luglio 2018; Il Patriarca caldeo: non vogliamo "un'area protetta" per i cristiani nella Piana di Ninive, Agenzia Fides, Baghdad, giovedì, 30 agosto 2018; Card Sako: il Sinodo è una scuola dove abbiamo imparato molto by Amedeo Lomonaco, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 16 ottobre 2018, 15:56; Patriach Sako: Die Synode ist kein Parlament by Christine Seuss, vaticannews.va, Vatikanstadt, 16 Oktober 2018, 15:10, with audio; Iraq cardinal says US has ‘done nothing’ while State Dept touts aid by Inés San Martín, Crux, Rome, Oct 16, 2018; Sínodo. Cardeal Sako, Santo Padre estamos com o senhor by Silvonei José, vaticannews.va, Cidade do Vaticano, 27 outubro 2018, 22:19; Carta do cardeal Sako: com os jovens para reconstruir o Iraque, vaticannews.va, Cidade do Vaticano, 07 novembro 2018, 18:10, with audio; Card. Sako: Oriente Medio no está acabado by Federico Piana, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 13 noviembre 2018, 12:33; Patriarca caldeo: aiutiamoci a promuovere una “spiritualità dell'esilio e del ritorno”, Agenzia Fides, Baghdad, mercoledì, 14 novembre 2018; Teologia del ritorno. Antico Testamento e situazione attuale in un testo del cardinale Sako, L'Osservatore Romano, 16 novembre 2018; Patriarca Sako: Natal seja dia de festa para todos os iraquianos, vaticannews.va, 14 dezembro 2018, 16:00, with audio.

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(63) 2. LADARIA FERRER, S.J., Luis Francisco (1944-

Birth. April 19, 1944, Manacor, diocese of Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. His family has been rooted for generations in the Balearic Islands; perhaps his ancestors came from the Gulf of Policastro in the Kingdom of Naples. Son of Lorenzo Ladaria Caldentey, a physician, and Isabel Ferrer Rosselló.

Education. Attended the Jesuit College Nuestra Señora de Montesión in Palma de Mallorca. Later, he studied at the University of Madrid, where he obtained a licentiate in law in 1966. Entered the Society of Jesus on October 17, 1966; he studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical University of Comillas, Madrid; he then studied theology at Philosophisch-theologische Hochschule Sankt Georgen in Frankfurt, Germany, and some of his professors were Father Alois Grillmeier, S.J., future cardinal, Father Otto Semmelroth, S.J. and Father Herman Josef Sieben, S.J.; he did his graduate thesis in Rome with Father Antonio Orbe, a great patrologist, and had as professors Fathers Juan Alfaro, S.J. and Zoltan Alszeghy, S.J. Obtained a doctorate in Dogmatic Theology at the Potifical Gregorian University in 1975; his doctoral thesis was "El Espíritu Santo en San Hilario de Poitiers" at the proposition of Father Orbe.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 29, 1973. Further studies in Rome from 1973 to 1975. Professor of Dogmatic Theology at the Pontifical University of Comillas from 1975 to 1984. Professor of dogmatic theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University from 1984; its vice-rector from 1986 to 1994. Member of the International Theological Commission from 1992 until 1997. In 1995, he was named consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In 2004, he was named secretary-general of the International Theological Commission; occupied the post until April 22, 2009. Beginning in 2006, he led the Commission's evaluation of the concept of limbo for the children who die without having received baptism and for whom the hope of salvation cannot be ruled out.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tibica and appointed secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, July 9, 2008. Consecrated, July 26, 2008 by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., of the title of the suburbicarian see of Frascati, secretary of State, camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, assisted by Cardinal William Joseph Levada, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and by Vincenzo Paglia, bishop of Terni-Narni-Amelia. On November 13, 2008, he was named consultor of the Congregation for Bishops. On January 31, 2009, he was named consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. On October 26, 2009, he was appointed member of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei to bring the Priestly Fraternity of St. Pius X into full communion with the Roman Catholic Church. On January 5, 2011, he was named consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Health Care Workers. On May 19, 2014, he received a doctorate honoris causa from the Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain. On October 2, 2014, he received a doctorate honoris causa from the Pontifical University of Comillas of Madrid, and at the same time it was presented his book-homage La unción de la gloria: en el Espíritu, por Cristo, al Padre. On August 2, 2016, the Pope named him president of the Study Commission on the Women’s Diaconate. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, of the Pontifical Biblical Commission and the International Theological Commission on July 1, 2017. He is a Patrologist and author of numerous monographies that have been translated into various languages, and of some eighty articles; he is a specialist in anthropological theology and in Trinitarian theology. On January 11, 2018, the Pope named him member of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Sant’Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio in that same consistory. Took possession of his deaconry on Sunday September 30, 2018, at 11:30 a.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; A Jesuit at the former Holy Office, interview with Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer by Gianni Cardinale, 30Days, no. 08 - 2008; Pope Francis Appoints Spanish Jesuit Ladaria to Succeed Cardinal Müller by Edward Pentin, National Catholic Register, June 30, 2017; Papa nomina Ladaria prefetto Dottrina Fede, succede a card. Müller, audio, by Alessandro Gisotti, Radio Vaticana, 2017-07-01; Pope Francis names Luis Ladaria as new prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, video, Rome Reports, 2017-07-01; El arzobispo español Ladaria, prefecto de Doctrina de la Fe, Ecclesia Digital, 1 de julio de 2017; Nombran al arzobispo Ladaria, nuevo prefecto de la Congregación para la Doctrina de la Fe, Zenit, Ciudad del Vaticano, 1 julio 2017; Pope names Jesuit prelate to succeed Müller at doctrine office, Crux, Rome, July 1, 2017; Esto piensa el sucesor del Cardenal Müller sobre los divorciados en nueva unión, ACI, Roma, 01 Jul. 17 / 12:58 pm; Unidad de los Cristianos: Mons. Ladaria Ferrer, nuevo miembro del Consejo, Zenit, 11 enero 2018; La reforma de la Curia aún no ha afectado a la Congregación para la Doctrina de la Fe, ACI Prensa, 10 de marzo de 2018 6:10 am; Ladaria: Francesco ci insegna a essere vicini alla gente by Alessandro Gisotti, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 10 marzo 2018, 09:00; Vatican's doctrinal prefect reaffirms ban on women priests, calls teaching 'definitive' by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Rome, May 29, 2018; CDF Prefect: It’s ‘Definitive’ That Women Can’t Be Ordained as Priests by Hannah Brovkhaus, National Catholic Register, CNA/EWTN News, May. 30, 2018; Vaticano: Hay serios problemas en texto de obispos alemanes sobre Comunión para protestantes by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI Prensa, 4 de junio de 2018 11:33 am; La ordenación está reservada a los hombres: Aclaración del Prefecto de la Doctrina de la Fe by Anne Kurian, Zenit, Tribuna en L'Osservatore Romano, junio 04, 2018 18:46; Cardinal-designate focuses on the pastoral at doctrinal congregation, by Junno Arocho Esteves, The Boston Pilot, Vatican City, CNS, 6/5/2018; Nuevos cardenales: el color púrpura significa misión: monseñor Ladaria y padre Bocos by Patricia Ynestroza, Ecclesia Digital, Ciudad del Vaticano, 26 de junio de 2018, with video; Mons. Ladaria: una porpora “a servizio della fede dei semplici" by Alessandro Di Bussolo, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 27 giugno 2018, 14:45; Autoridad vaticana: Carta a obispos alemanes sobre Comunión para protestantes no era freno by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI Prensa, 27 de junio de 2018 12:08 pm; Card. Ladaria: “con mayor responsabilidad al servicio de la fe y de la Iglesia” by Renato Martínez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 28 junio 2018, 09:18, with video; Per rispondere ai quesiti di oggi. Intervista con il prefetto della Congregazione per la dottrina della fede by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 10 agosto 2018; Theologen wollen „konstruktive und begleitende Kritik“, vaticannews.va, 15 Oktober 2018, 12:23; Il Vaticano invoca l’immunità per Ladaria convocato dal tribunale di Lione per il caso Barbarin, Vatican Insider, Roma, 18/10/2018 alle ore 14:51; #Synod2018, Card. Ladaria: “Los jóvenes tienen mucho que decir a la Iglesia” by Renato Martinez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 22 octubre 2018, 12:14, with video; Premio Popular de Honor de COPE Mallorca al cardenal Lluis Francesc Ladaria, Ecclesia Digital, 9 de noviembre de 2018; Monseñor Luis Ladaria preside una celebración de acción de gracias en la catedral de Mallorca, Ecclesia Digital, Mallorca, 9 de diciembre de 2018.

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(64) 3. DE DONATIS, Angelo (1954-

Birth. January 4, 1954, Casarano, diocese of Nardò‑Gallipoli, province of Lecce, Italy.

Education. Initially, he studied at the Seminary of Taranto; later, at the Major Roman Pontifical Seminary, completing his philosophical studies at the Pontifical Lateran University; and theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained a license in Moral Theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 12, 1980, in the parish of S. Domenico, Casarano, for the diocese of Nardò-Gallipoli. Incardinated in the diocese of Rome on November 28, 1983. From 1980 to 1983, he was collaborator in the parish of San Saturnino and professor of Religion. From 1983 to 1988, he was parochial vicar of the parish of San Saturnino. From 1988 to 1990, attached to the General Secretariat of the Vicariate of Rome and parish vicar of the parish of SS. Annunziata in Grottaperfetta. From 1989 to 1991, he was archivist of the Secretariat of the College of Cardinals. In 1989 he was admitted to the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem with the rank of Knight. From 1990 to 1996, he was director of the Office of the Clergy of the Vicariate of Rome. From 1990 to 2003, he was spiritual director at the Pontifical Major Roman Seminary. From 2003, he was pastor of the Basilica of San Marco Evangelista al Campidoglio and assistant for the diocese of Rome of the National Familial Association of the Clergy. Spiritual assistant of the Association "Don Andrea Santoro", December 1, 2007. He has been member of the Diocesan Presbyteral Council and of the Collegio of Consultors. In Lent 2014, he preached the meditations of the Spiritual Exercises of the Roman Curia. On September 1, 2014 he was placed in charge of the Service for the Permanent Formation of the Clergy.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Mottola and appointed auxiliary of Rome, September 14, 2015. Consecrated, November 9, 2015, by Pope Francis, assisted by Cardinal Agostino Vallini, vicar general of Rome, and by Cardinal Beniamino Stella, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy. His episcopal motto is Nihil Caritate Dulcius. Rector of the church of San Sebastiano al Palatino, Rome, April 29, 2016. Member of the Laziale Episcopal Conference (C.E.L.). Named vicar of the City of Rome, archpriest of the Papal Lateran Basilica, apostolic administrator of the suburbicarian diocese of Ostia and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University on May 26, 2017; he officially started his ministry on June 29, 2017. Promoted to titular archbishop of Mottola on May 26, 2017. Since 2017 he is the president of the Opera romana pellegrinaggi.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Marco in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on October 7, 2018 at 7 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Nomine. Angelo De Donatis vescovo ausiliare di Roma, Avvenire, lunedì 14 settembre 2015; Episcopal Ordination of Angelo de Donatis, as Auxiliary Bishop of Rome 9 November 2015, Catholic Sat, YouTube, published on Nov 10, 2015; Pope taps Bishop Angelo de Donatis as new Vicar of Rome by Elise Harris, CNA/EWTN News, Vatican City, May 26, 2017 / 04:32 am; Francis appoints “pastor” as new vicar of Rome, Crux, May 26, 2017; Angelo De Donatis, chi è (e cosa pensa) il nuovo vicario di Roma al posto di Vallini by Francesco Gnagni, formiche.net, 2017/05/26; Pope Francis names Archbishop Angelo De Donatis as vicar for the Diocese of Rome, Catholic News Service, 26 May 2017; Don Angelo De Donatis. Discorso per la nomina a vicario del Papa per la diocesi di Roma, in Italian, Seminario Romano, YouTube, published on May 27, 2017; Lettera del vicario ai preti di Roma, L'Osservatore Romano, 27 maggio 2017; Roma, il papa sceglie Angelo De Donatis by Aurelio Molè, Roma, Città Nuova, 30 maggio 2017; Mons. De Donatis: la nuova Esortazione per incarnare la santità nel contesto attuale by Debora Donnini, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 09 aprile 2018, 14:45, with audio; The pope's man in Rome: Vicar for Rome diocese to become cardinal by Cindy Wooden, The Boston Pilot, Vatican City, CNS, 6/5/2018; Diocesi: card. De Donatis (vicario Roma), “nella grotta di Lourdes ci viene offerta la carta d’identità per l’eternità”, Servizio Inofrmazione Religiosa, Lourdes, 28 agosto 2018 @ 17:58; Conversione missionaria per la diocesi di Roma, L'Osservatore Romano, 19 settembre 2018; Chiara Corbella Petrillo, al via la beatificazione. Card. De Donatis: “La sua vita suscita un desiderio di cambiamento in tante persone” by Riccardo Benotti, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 21 settembre 2018; Diocesi: Roma, il card. De Donatis e mons. Frisina in San Giovanni in Laterano per il terzo incontro sulla “Gaudete et Exsultate”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 5 dicembre 2018 @ 17:33; Il cardinale vicario De Donatis celebra la messa di Natale al CeIS, Vatican Insider, 14/12/2018.

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(65) 4. BECCIU, Giovanni Angelo (1948-

Birth. June 2, 1948, Pattada, diocese of Ozieri, Sardinia.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in canon law; later, studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy (diplomacy). He knows French, English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 27, 1972, by Francesco Cogoni, bishop of Ozieri. He entered the service of the diplomatic service of the Holy See on May 1, 1984. He served in the papal nunciatures in several apostolic nunciatures, among them in the Central African Republic; in New Zealand; in Liberia; in the United Kingdom; and in the United States of America.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Roselle and named apostolic nuncio to Angola, October 15, 2001. Consecrated, December 1, 2001, amphitheatre of Pattada, by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, secretary of State, assisted by Paolo Romeo, titular archbishop of Vulturia, apostolic nuncio to Italy, and by Sebastiano Sanguinetti, bishop of Ozieri. His episcopal motto is Duc in Altum. In addition he was named apostolic nuncio to São Tomé and Principe November 15, 2001. Apostolic nuncio to Cuba, July 23, 2009. Named substitute of the Secretariat of State, May 10, 2011. Named special delegate of the Pope to the Knights of Malta on February 4, 2017. On May 26, 2018, the Pope appointed him prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints; he will take office at the end of August, in the meantime maintaining his role as Substitute for General Affairs of the Secretariat of State until 29 June, and continuing as special delegate to the Sovereign Order of Malta.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Lino in that same consistory. On August 31, 3018, he started his mandate as prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints. On the following day, he presided in Košice, Slovakia over the beatification of Anna Kolesárová, martyr of purity. On November 29, 2018, he was named special papal envoy to the Eucharistic Celebration which he will preside on December 8, 2018, in the Shrine of Notre-Dame de Santa Cruz in Oran, Algeria, on the occassion of the beatification of the martyrs Pierre Claverie, O.P., bishop of Oran, and eighteen companions (religiuos men and religious women).

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Pope names Archbishop Becciu personal delegate to Order of Malta by Elise Harris, CNA/EWTN News, Vatican City, Feb 4, 2017 / 04:38 am; Letter of Archbishop Giovanni Angelo Becciu to the members of the Order of Malta, Order of Malta, Rome, 17/02/2017; Mons. Becciu. I cardinali costruiscono con il Papa nuove vie di evangelizzazione by Massimiliano Menichetti, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 20 maggio 2018, 15:51; Mons. Becciu nuovo Prefetto delle Cause dei Santi, vaticannews.va, 26 maggio 2018, 11:54; Pope Makes Surprise Visit to Archbishop Becciu at Turin Hospital, Zenit, June 22, 2015, 14:03; El Papa nombra al nuevo Prefecto de la Congregación para las Causas de los Santos, ACI Prensa, 26 de mayo de 2018 8:01 am; Cardinal-designate Becciu named prefect of congregation for saints by Cindy Wooden, The Boston Pilot, Vatican City, CNS, 5/29/2018; Mons. Angelo Becciu: nomina cardinalizia "una mezza sorpresa" by Amedeo Lomonaco, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 28 giugno 2018, 07:30, with video; Le cardinal Becciu, l’une des «colonnes du Pape pour sa mission universelle», interview realized by Hélène Destombes, vaticannews.va, Cité du Vatican, 29 juin 2018, 10:30, with audio; Non barattare mai la coscienza. Il cardinale Becciu a Grosseto ripropone l’attualità del messaggio di san Lorenzo, L'Osservatore Romano, 10 agosto 2018; Società: card. Becciu, “non barattare mai la nostra coscienza”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 10 agosto 2018 @ 17:27; Becciu: il Papa lo si ama fino in fondo, gravi conseguenze per la Chiesa dalle divisioni by Sergio Centofanti, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 31 agosto 2018, 08:50; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi in occasione della Beatificazione della Serva di Dio Anna Kolesárová in Slovacchia, Košice, Slovachia, 01.09.2018; Beatificazione Kolesarova. Card. Becciu: lo stupro è crimine contro l’umanità by Benedetta Capelli, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 01 settembre 2018, 10:32; Card. Becciu: la beata suor Eppinger, modello di accoglienza per l'Europa by Gabriella Ceraso, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 09 settembre 2018, 15:01; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi alla Santa Messa di Beatificazione di Alfonsa Maria (Elisabetta) Eppinger, nella Cattedrale di Nostra Signora di Strasburgo (Francia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 09.09.2018; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi nella Messa di Beatificazione di Veronica Antal, Nisiporeşti, Romania, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 22.09.2018; Omelia dell’Em.mo Card. Giovanni Angelo Becciu in occasione della Festa di San Michele Arcangelo, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 29.09.2018; Card. Becciu : il Beato don Fouque, esempio di sacerdote santo by Roberto Piermarini, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 01 ottobre 2018, 11:49; Conferenza Stampa in vista della Canonizzazione dei Beati Paolo VI e Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 11.10.2018; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi nel corso della Messa di Beatificazione di Tiburzio Arnáiz Muñoz, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 20.10.2018; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi nel corso della Messa di Beatificazione di Padre Tullio Maruzzo, O.F.M., e di Luis Obdulio, Morales, Guatemala, 27 de octubre de 2018, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 27.10.2018; Beatificazioni: card. Becciu, “mostrare il volto di una Chiesa che abbraccia tutti, soprattutto gli scartati e gli oppressi”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 27 ottobre 2018 @ 16:47; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi nel corso della Messa di Beatificazione di Clelia Merloni, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 03.11.2018; Card. Becciu: la gente ha paura perché è in crisi il senso della vita by Amedeo Lomonaco, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 07 novembre 2018, 13:28, with video; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi nel corso della Messa di Beatificazione di Teodoro Illera Del Olmo e 15 compagni martiri, Barcellona, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 10.11.2018; Cardinal Becciu: les moines de Tibhirine ont rendu le christianisme audible en Algérie, Entretien réalisé par Cyprien Viet, vaticannews.va, Cité du Vatican, 19 novembre 2018, 19:57; Lettera del Santo Padre all’Inviato Speciale alla Beatificazione dei martiri Mons. Pierre Claverie, O.P., Vescovo di Oran, e 18 compagni (religiosi e religiose) in Algeria, Sala Stampa della santa Sede, 05.12.2018; El Cardenal Becciu presidirá la beatificación de los monjes mártires de Tibhirine, ACI Prensa, 5 de diciembre de 2018 4:42 pm; Card. Becciu: “Los monjes de Tibhirine despertaron interés por el cristianismo del islam” by José Villanueva, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 07 diciembre 2018, 15:10; Omelia del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi in occasione della Beatificazione dei martiri Mons. Pierre Claverie, O.P., Vescovo di Oran, e 18 compagni (religious men and religious women) in Algeria, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 08.12.2018.

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(66) 5. KRAJEWSKI, Konrad (1963-

Birth. November 25, 1963, Łódź, Poland. Both his parents as well as his older brother are deceased. The father was a primary school teacher in Łódź; and the mother was a professor at the Lodz University of Technology. He was baptized on April 5, 1964 in the Divine Providence Parish in Łódź.

Education. In 1982 he entered the Seminary of the Archdiocese of Łódź. He earned a degree in theology from the Catholic University of Lublin. He earned a Doctorate in Theology from the Pontifical University of S. Tommaso d'Aquina, Rome, in 1995 with a dissertation entitled L'ordinazione episcopale nella riforma del Concilio Vaticano II ("Episcopal ordination in the reform of Vatican II"). During his stay in Rome, he collaborated with the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 11, 1988, by Władysław Ziółek, bishop of Łodź in the Cathedral Basilica St. Stanislaus Kostka. After ordination, he served the diocese for two years in pastoral work. In 1990, he continued his studies at the Liturgical Institute of Sant'Anselmo in Rome. On March 5, 1993 he obtained his Licentiate in Sacred Liturgy. He earned a Doctorate in Theology from the Pontifical University of S. Tommaso d'Aquino in 1995 with a dissertation entitled L'ordinazione episcopale nella riforma del Concilio Vaticano II ("Episcopal ordination in the reform of Vatican II"). During his stay in Rome he collaborated with the Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff. He returned to his diocese in 1995 and served as master of ceremonies for the archbishop and taught liturgy at the seminary and to the Franciscans and Salesians. In 1998 he returned to Rome to work in the Office of Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff. On May 12. 1999, Pope John Paul II appointed him a Papal Master of Ceremonies; occupied the post until 2013.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Benevento and appointed Papal Almoner, August 3, 2013. Consecrated, September 17, 2013, at the Papal Vatican Basilica of Saint Peter, by Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello, president of the Governatorate of Vatican City, assisted by Piero Marini, titular archbishop of Martirano, president of the Pontifical Committee for the International Eucharistic Congresses, and by Wladyslaw Ziółek, archbishop emeritus of Łódź. Pope Francis attended the consecration. His episcopal motto is Misericordia.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Maria Immacolata all’Esquilino in that same consistory. Took possession of his Deaconry on Wednesday October 24, 2018, at 6:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; El Papa se suma al festejo del cardenalato de Krajewski: una cena especial by Sergio Centofanti, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 30 junio 2018, 12:32, with audio; Papa Francesco invia il card. Krajewski a “Mondo Migliore”. “Un piccolo segno della sua carezza per voi” by M. Chiara Biagioni, Servicio Informazione Religiosa, 5 settembre 2018; Migranti: card. Krajewski agli operatori di “Mondo Migliore”, “vi ringrazio per quello che fate, a nome del Papa”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa,5 settembre 2018; El limosnero del Papa Francisco visita a los migrantes de la embarcación Diciotti, Ecclesia Digital, 5 de septiembre de 2018.

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(67) 6. COUTTS, Joseph (1945-

Birth. July 21, 1945, Amritsar (then British India), Lahore, Pakistan.

Education. Studied at Christ the King Seminary in Karachi. He obtained a doctorate in philosophy. He speaks English, Italian, German, French, Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 9, 1971, by Felicissimus Alphonse Raeymaeckers, O.F.M. Cap., bishop of Lahore.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Hyderabad, May 5, 1988. Consecrated, September 16, 1988, cathedral of the Sacred Heart, Lahore, by Bonaventure Patrick Paul, O.F.M., bishop of Hyderabad, assisted by Armando Trindade, bishop of Lahore, and by Emmanuel Gerada, titular archbishop of Nomento, apostolic pro-nuncio in Pakistan. Succeeded to the see of Hyderabad, September 1, 1990. Transfered to the see of Faisalabad June 27, 1998. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Karachi, January 22, 2012. President of the Pakistan Catholic Bishops Conference.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Bonaventura da Bagnoregio in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Saturday September 29, 2018, at 6 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in English, Wikipedia; Archbishop of Karachi Joseph Coutts to be elevated as cardinal, The Express Tribune, May 20, 2018; Pakistan archbishop's interfaith focus leads to red hat by Ayyaz Gulzar, ucanews.com, Karachi, Pakistan, May 21, 2018; Nuovi cardinali. Coutts (Karachi): “Un grande onore e una grande gioia per tutti i cristiani del Pakistan” by Patrizia Caiffa, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 21 maggio 2018; Futuro Cardenal de Pakistán: Estoy “listo para servir humildemente a la Iglesia” by María Ximena Rondón, ACI Prensa, 23 de mayo de 2018 8:18 pm; Praise for the contributions of Pakistan's new 'red hat', by Kamran Chaudhry, ucanews.com, Lahore, Pakistan, May 28, 2018; Pakistan’s Cardinal-Elect ‘Overwhelmed’ by Reaction Over His Elevation by Anto Akkata, Natiocanl Catholic Register, New Delhi, Jun. 5, 2018; Joseph Coutts on being created a Cardinal by Devin Watkins, vaticannews.va, 28 June 2018, 16:51; Greetings from Pakistan to the new Cardinal Joseph Coutts, 'great promoter of dialogue between Christians and Muslims' by Shafique Khokhar, AsiaNews.it, 06/29/2018, 13.48; La Commissione "Giustizia e pace": "Il Cardinale Coutts, promotore del'armonia e dei diritti umani", Agenzia Fides, Lahore, sabato, 30 giugno 2018; Minoría católica recibe con alegría al segundo cardenal en la historia de Pakistán, ACI Prensa, 11 de julio de 2018 10:48 pm; Il Cardinale Coutts: “Una chiamata a pregare e servire il mio popolo e la Chiesa universale”, Agenzia Fides, Karachi, giovedì, 9 agosto 2018; Pakistán: El cardenal Joseph Coutts reflexiona sobre el plan de Dios, Zenit, agosto 10, 2018 20:41; Una minoranza fertile. Intervista al cardinale Joseph Coutts by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 18 agosto 2018.

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(68) 7. MARTO, António Augusto dos Santos (1947-

Birth. May 5, 1947, Tronco, Chaves, Viana do Castelo, Portugal. Son of Serafim Augusto Marto and Maria da Purificação Correia dos Santos.

Education. Studied Humanities and Theology at the Seminary of Vila Real; and was later transferred to the Major Seminary of Porto.

Priesthood. Ordained, Sunday November 7, 1971, in Rome, by Patriarch António Ribeiro in the chapel of Pontifício Colégio Português. Still in Rome, he specialized in Systematic Theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He concluded his doctorate in 1977 with a thesis on "Esperança cristã e futuro do homem. Doutrina escatológica do Concílio Vaticano II". In 1977, he returned to Portugal. He was a lecturer at the Major Seminary of Porto; professor of Theology at the Institute of Human and Theological Sciences-Porto; at the Center for Catholic Culture of Porto; at the Faculty of Theology of the Portuguese Catholic University (UCP); and at the Faculty of Law of that same university. He was Deputy Director of the Faculty of Theology of the Portuguese Catholic University, in the Regional Nucleus of Porto; member of the Scientific Society of UCP and of the European Association of Catholic Theologians. He has collaborated in the journals "Humanistic and Theological", "Communio" and "Theologica". In the pastoral field he was a regular collaborator in the parish of Nossa Senhora da Conceição, in Porto; and in the parish of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos. Worked with the Movement of Catholic Students (MCE) and with the Catholic Worker League (LOC). He also worked in adult catechesis in the Diocese of Porto and, in collaboration with the auxiliary bishop of Porto, Manuel Pelino Domingues, published the book "Catechesis para el Povo de Deus", in 2 volumes.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Bladia and named auxiliary of Braga, November 10, 2000. Consecrated, February 11, 2001, at the church of Nossa Senhora da Conceição, Vila Real, by Joaquim Gonçalves, bishop of Vila Real, assisted by Jorge Ferreira da Costa Ortiga, archbishop of Braga, and by Gilberto Délio Gonçalves Canavarro dos Reis, bishop of Santarém. His episcopal motto is Servidores da vossa alegria. Transferred to the see of Viseu, April 22, 2004; he entered solemnly and took canonical possession on June 20 at the Cathedral of Viseu. He was president of the Episcopal Commission for Ecumenism and the Doctrine of the Faith. He was one of the two Portuguese Bishops present at the Synod of Bishops in October 2005. Transferred to the see of Leiria-Fátima, April 22, 2006. Apostolic administrator of Viseu from April 22, 2006 to the following July 23. He entered solemnly and took canonical possession on June 25, 2006. In September 2006, he wrote the pastoral letter "Descobrir a beleza e a alegria da vocação cristã", dedicated to vocations, which occupies the pastoral project of the diocese of Leiria-Fátima in the year 2006/2007. On May 11, 2010 he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Military Order of Christ. He received Pope Benedict XVI in the Shrine of Our Lady of Fátima during the apostolic visit to Portugal in 2010. He was a member of the Permanent Council of the Portuguese Episcopal Conference and delegate of the same conference to the Commission of Bishops of the European Community (COMECE), mandates valid between 2011 and 2014. He also received Pope Francis during his apostolic visit on the occasion of the Centenary of the Apparitions of Fátima and the canonization of Jacinta and Francisco Marto on May 13, 2017.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Sunday November 25, 2018, at 6:00 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; Obispo de Fátima envía mensaje al Papa Francisco: Queremos acogerlo en 2017, ACI Prensa, 14 de octubre de 2016 2:36 am; Iglesia en Portugal recibe con alegría nombramiento de nuevo Cardenal de Fátima, ACI Prensa, 21 de mayo de 2018 3:58 pm; D. António Marto: O cardinalato “é o dom do Papa Francisco a Fátima" by Domingos Pinto, vaticannews.va, Lisboa, 27 junho 2018, 14:04, with audio; Así explican su misión 3 de los nuevos Cardenales creados por el Papa, ACI Prensa, 28 de junio de 2018 11:03 am; D. António Marto: reafirma “plena sintonia com o Papa Francisco” by Domingos Pinto, vaticannews.va, Lisboa, 16 julho 2018, 12:28, with audio; Roma: Toma de posesión de los cardenales Maurice Piat y António Augusto dos Santos Marto by Rosa Die Alcolea, Zenit, noviembre 20, 2018, 17:22.

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(69) 8. BARRETO JIMENO, S.J., Pedro Ricardo (1944-

Birth. February 12, 1944, Lima, Perú. Second of the six children of Pedro Ricardo Barreto and Elvira Jimeno de Barreto.

Education. Entered the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in Lima on May 31, 1961. He studied Philosophy at the Jesuit faculty in Alcalá de Henares, Spain, from 1965 to 1967; then, studied Theology in the Seminary “San Antonio Abad” in Cusco; and in the Pontifical and Civil Faculty of Lima from 1969 to 1972. In addition, he has the title of "Educador" from the Pedagogical Institute Champagnat of Lima.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1971, for the Society of Jesus. Took his final vows as a Jesuit on October 3, 1976. He was professor and spiritual director in Colegio Cristo Rey in Tacna and superior of the Jesuit Community of Tacna from 1976 until 1981; and from 1996 until 2001. Responsible for the youth pastoral and vocational of the Jesuit Province from 1982 until 1987. Superior of the Jesuit community of the Juniorado from 1982 until 1985. Superior of the Jesuit Community of Ayacucho from 1992 until 1995. Pastor and Coordinator of the Jesuit Apostolic Network of Tacna and Moquegua 1996-2001.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Acufida and named apostolic vicar of Jaén en Perú o San Francisco Javier on on November 9, 2001. Consecrated, January 1, 2002, church of San Pedro, Lima, by José María Izuzquiza Herranz, titular bishop of Cubda, former apostolic vicar of Jaén en Perú or San Francisco Javier, assisted by Luis Armando Bambarén Gastelumendi, S.J., bishop of Chimbote, and by Rino Passigato, titular archbishop of Nova Caesaris, apostolic nuncio to Perú. Took possession of the Vicariate on January 6, 2002. In January 2003, he was elected representative of Bishops of the Jungle in the Permanent Council of the Peruvian Episcopal Conference. Also, he was elected Delegate of the Bishops of Perú before the Latin American Episcopal Conference, CELAM, celebrated in Paraguay. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Huancayo, July 17, 2004; he was installed the following September 5. He received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI om June 29, 2005, in the Papal Vatican Basilica. In October 2005, he participated in the Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist, celebrated in Rome, as delegate of the Peruvian Episcopal Conference. In the 87th Ordinary Assembly of the Peruvian Episcopate of January 2006 he was elected President of the Episcopal Commission of Social Action, CEAS 2006 - 2008. In May 2007 he participated in the Fifth Latin American Episcopal Conference in Aparecida, Brazil. At the 33rd Ordinary Assembly of the Latin American Episcopal Council - CELAM, on May 19, 2011, he was elected as President of the Department of Justice and Solidarity of CELAM. He has fought the mining industry over its environmental impact on La Oroya. He is vice president of the Panamazon Church Network and a member of the organizing committee for the Pan-Amazon Synod of Bishops. In the 99th Ordinary Assembly of the Episcopate of Peru, held from January 23 to 27, 2012 he is elected as First Vice-President of the Peruvian Episcopal Conference, for the period 2012-2015. On September 29, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made him a member of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. He has received several decorations for his work in favor of human and Indian rights.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Pietro e Paolo a Via Ostiense in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Wikipedia; Conoce a Mons. Pedro Barreto Jimeno, S.J., vaticannews.va, 21 mayo 2018, 11:23; Nuevo cardenal peruano: Enfoque de género dignifica al hombre y a la mujer, ACI Prensa, 23 de mayo de 2018 7:34 pm; Mons. Pedro Barreto, Cardinale impegnato nella cura della vita e dell’ambiente, Agenzia Fides, Huancayo, venerdì, 8 giugno 2018; Card. Pedro Barreto: “El Papa nos pide cuidar la alegría del pueblo de Dios” by Renato Martinez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 27 junio 2018, 13:47, with video; Los dos cardenales de Perú envían este mensaje de unidad a la Iglesia, ACI Prensa,28 de junio de 2018 12:03 pm, with video; Así explican su misión 3 de los nuevos Cardenales creados por el Papa, ACI Prensa, 28 de junio de 2018 11:03 am; Card. Pedro Barreto: “El Papa nos pide cuidar la alegría del pueblo de Dios” by Renato Martínez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 27 junio 2018, 13:47, with video; Card. Barreto: Sínodo amazónico, una experiencia inédita para la Iglesia by Renato Martinez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 21 septiembre 2018, 15:42, with audio; Pedro Barreto, il cardinale “convertito” dagli indios by Virginia Bonard, Vatican Insider, Buenos Aires, 02/10/2018 alle ore 10:53; Il Cardinale Barreto: bisogna seguire una giustizia equa, senza mentire al popolo, Agenzia Fides, Lima, giovedì, 22 novembre 2018; Cardenal Barreto: “El Perú está demostrando que en su justicia no existen intocables” by José Villanueva, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 23 noviembre 2018, 14:04.

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(70) 9. TSARAHAZANA, Désiré (1954-

Birth. June 13, 1954, Amboagibe-Sambava, Antsiranana, Madagascar. Son of Regis Tsarahazan and Pauline Lahady.

Education. He studied at the Minor Seminary of Mahajanaga from 1970 to 1976. Continued his formation in Antsiranana or Diego-Suarez from 1976 to 1978. From 1979 to 1982, he continued his studies for the priesthood in Antananarivo completing the philosophical cycle, and the one of theology from 1983 to 1986. Received the diaconate on August 15, 1985.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 28, 1986, Andapa. He was vicar at Mananara-Nord from 1987 to 1990; and later became professor at the Saint Jean Seminary in Antsiranana; and at the same time, diocesan correspondent of the major seminarians of the diocese of Antsiranana and head of the preparatory seminary.

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of Fenoarivo Atsinanana, November 30, 2000. Consecrated, February 18, 2001, in the mission courtyard near the cathedral, by Michel Malo, Ist. del Prado, archbishop of Antsiranana, assisted by Albert Joseph Tsiahoana, auxiliary bishop of Diégo-Suarez, and by Bruno Musarò, titular archbishop of Abari, Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles and Mauritius. Vice president of the Episcopal Conference of Madagascar from 2006 to 2012; its president in 2012; reconfirmed in 2015. Transferred to the see of Toamasina, November 24, 2008. Apostolic administrator of Fenoarivo Atsinanana, November 27, 2008 to May 17, 2009. Promoted to archbishop when the see of Toamasina was elevated to archdiocese on February 26, 2010.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Gregorio Barbarigo alle Tre Fontane in that same consistory. On July 14, 2018, he was named one of the President Delegates of the 15th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops programmed for October 3 to 28, 2018.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in French, archdiocese of Toamasina; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; L'émotion de Mgr Desiré Tsarahazana, nouveau cardinal de Madagascar, interview by Jean-Pierre Bodjoko, vaticannews.va, Cité du Vatican, 28 juin 2018, 18:05, with audio; Le Cardinal malgache Désiré Tsarahazana voudrait être la Voix des sans voix by Jean-Pierre Bodjoko, SJ and Françoise Niamien, vaticannews.va, Cité du Vatican, 29 juin 2018, 09:56, with audio; New Madagascar Cardinal focuses on peace and the Gospel by Jean-Pierre Bodjoko, Françoise Niamien and Paul Samasumo, vaticannews.va, Vatican City, 01 July 2018, 18:35.

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(71) 10. PETROCCHI, Giuseppe (1948-

Birth. August 19, 1948, in Venagrande, diocese of Ascoli Piceno, Italy.

Education. He entered the Episcopal Seminary of Ascoli Piceno on October 4, 1965, and completed his high school studies there, achieving classical maturity. In September 1967, Bishop Marcello Morgante, of Ascoli Piceno, sent him to study at the Pontifical Major Roman Seminary. He completed his philosophical and theological studies at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he obtained a bachelor's degree in philosophy and a license in dogmatic theology. Later he graduated in philosophy at the University of Macerata and in psychology at the University of Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 15, 1973, in the church of San Pietro Martire, Ascoli Piceno. From 1973 to 1975, he worked in the diocesan youth ministry; from 1973 to 1978, he was teacher of religion at the Ascoli Piceno State Scientific High School; from 1975 to 1985, he was director of the vocational diocesan center; from 1975 to 1996, he was the principal animator of the diocesan Movement of the Opera di Maria; from 1978 to 1997, he was professor of philosophy, pedagogy and psychology at the magistral section of the Ascoli Piceno State Classical High School; from 1981 to 1986: he was parish priest of Cerreto di Venarotta; from 1986 to February 15, 1998, he was parish priest of Trisungo; from 1991 to 1998, he was editor-in-chief of the diocesan bulletin; from February 15, 1998 to September 20, 1998, he was parish priest of the parish of Saints Peter and Paul in Ascoli Piceno. In various periods he was a lecturer at the diocesan school of theological formation for lay people. He was a collaborator of the Christian-inspired Family Counseling and a member of the diocesan pastoral council. For a three-year term, following a bishop's nomination, he was a member of the diocesan presbyteral council.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Latina-Terracina-Sezze-Priverno, June 27, 1998. Consecrated, September 20, 1998, Basilica Monumentale San Francesco, Ascoli Piceno, by Silvano Montevecchi, bishop of Ascoli Piceno, assisted by Domenico Pecile, bishop emeritus of Latina-Terracina-Sezze-Priverno, and by Marcello Morgante, bishop emeritus of Ascoli Piceno; he entered the diocese the following October 18. His episcopal motto is Ante Omnia Caritas. On March 23, 2005, he opened the first diocesan synod, which was closed on May 26, 2012. He established and inaugurated, on July 3, 2010, the Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art in Sezze; he also promoted the creation of a new diocesan curia in Latina. Promoted to the metropolitan see of L'Aquila, June 8, 2013. He received the pallium from Pope Francis at the Papal Vatican Basilica on June 29, 2013. He took possession of the archdiocese of L'Aquila on the following July 7.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini in that same consistory. On September 22, 2018, the Pope named him member of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Nuovi cardinali. Giuseppe Petrocchi: “un segnale della vicinanza del Papa verso chi ha sperimentato la distruzione del terremoto” by Alberto Baviera, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 21 maggio 2018; Mons. Petrocchi: cardinale per i bisogni di una città ferita by Alessandro Di Bussolo, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 27 giugno 2018, 15:04, with video; Perdonanza celestiniana. Card. Petrocchi: “il perdono è pratica del verbo amare” by Michele Raviart, vaticannews.va, Città del Vaticano, 29 agosto 2018, 19:00; Card. Giuseppe Petrocchi: Miembro de la Comisión para el Estado de Vaticano by Rosa Die Alcolea, Zenit, septiembre 22, 2018 20:23; L’Aquila: riaperta chiesa S. Maria Suffragio simbolo del sisma, vaticannews.va, 06 dicembre 2018, 11:00.

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(72) 11. MAEDA, Thomas Aquinas Manyo (1949-

Birth. March 3, 1949, Tsuwasaki, apostolic prefecture of Nagasaki, Japan.

Education. After finishing his studies at "Lyceum Nanzan" in Nagasaki, he entered the Major Seminary Saint-Sulpice of Fukuoka.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 19, 1975, by Joseph Asajiro Satowaki, archbishop of Nagasaki, at Urakami Cathedral in Nagasaki. Parish vicar; parish priest; editor of the diocesan bulletin; head of the diocesan Commission for Social Communications; and vicar foraneous. He served as secretary general of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Japan from 2006 until his episcopal election.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Hiroshima, June 13, 2011. Consecrated, September 23, 2011, at the cathedral of of the Assumption of Mary, Hiroshima, by Joseph Atsumi Misue, bishop emeritus of Hiroshima, assisted by Leo Jun Ikenaga, archbishop of Osaka, and by Joseph Mitsuaki Takami, archbishop of Nagasaki. His episcopal motto is Non Ministrari Sed Ministrare. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Osaka, August 20, 2014. Installed, September 23, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Pudenziana in that same consistory. On October 27, 2018 he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the erection of the archdiocese of Manila, Philippines, programmed for December 8, 2018 in the metropolitan cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. He will take possession of his title on Sunday December 16, 2018 at 10:30 a.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biographical data, in English, ucanews.com; Japanese archbishop shocked by elevation to cardinal, ucanews.com, Tokyo, Japan, May 21, 2018; Il cardinale poeta. Intervista al giapponese Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 19 luglio 2018; Lettera del Santo Padre all’Inviato Speciale alla celebrazione del 60° anniversario della ricostruzione e consacrazione della Cattedrale di Manila (Filippine) 8 dicembre 2018, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 01.12.2018; Japan prelate leads Manila Cathedral anniversary party by Joe Torres, ucanews.com, Manila, Philippines, December 10, 2018.

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(73) 12. OBESO RIVERA, Sergio (1931-

Birth. October 31, 1931, Xalapa (Jalapa), México. Son of Emilio Obeso, from Asturias, Spain, and Estela Rivera, from Las Vigas, Veracruz, México.

Education. When he finished his primary education, he was admitted to the Seminary of Xalapa on January 23, 1944. When he finished the studies of Humanities, he was sent to Rome to study philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, residing at the Pontifical Colegio Pío Latino Americano. He completed a licenciate in philosophy and obtained a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 31, 1954, in Rome. He worked in the Seminary of Xalapa from 1955 to 1971 as prefect of philosophy and theology; spiritual director; and rector. At the same time, he was chaplain of the Convent of the Capuchin Nuns of the Most Holy Sacrament (now Franciscan Eucharistic Missionaries).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Papantla, April 30, 1971. Consecrated, June 29, 1971, cathedral of Nuestra Señora de la Auncion, Papantla, by Emilio Abascal Salmerón, archbishop of Jalapa, assisted by Manuel Pio López Estrada, former archbishop of Jalapa, and by Guillermo Ranzahuer González, bishop of San Andres Tuxtla. Named titular archbishop of Uppenna and coadjutor of Xalapa, January 15, 1974. Succeeded to the see of Xalapa, March 12, 1979. President of the Mexican Episcopal Conference from 1982 to 1988; and again from 1994 to 1997. He was also a key figure in the rapprochements with the Mexican government that ended in the recognition of the churches and in the reestablishment of relations with the Holy See. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Xalapa, April 10, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Leone I in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, therefore, he was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his title on July 1, 2018.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biosgraphy in English, Holy See Press Office; Biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; México: Mons. Sergio Obeso Rivera, cardenal designado by Marina Droujinina, Zenit, 5 junio 2018; Nuevo cardenal: México siempre tendrá la bendición de la Virgen de Guadalupe, ACI Prensa, 23 de junio de 2018 10:30 am; Card. Sergio Obeso: “Señor, me has recompensado con un sueldo extraordinario: ‘Vivir a tu servicio'”, Zenit, noviembre 15, 2018 17:08.

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(74) 13. TICONA PORCO, Toribio Sergio (1937-

Birth. April 25, 1937, Arocha, Potosí, Bolivia. From a very humble origin. He worked as shoeshiner, sold newspapers and worked in a mine. His real name is Toribio Porco Ticona but he uses the surname Ticona (of his mother), because he almost did not know his father since he died young.

Education. He studied in the Seminary of San Cristóbal in Sucre. Studied pastoral in the Jesuit "Lumen Vitae" in Belgium.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 29, 1967. Pastoral ministry in Quito, Ecuador. Pastoral ministry in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with the Bolivian migrants.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Timici and auxiliary of Potosí, April 5, 1986. Consecrated, May 31, 1986, esplanade of the church of Inmaculada Concepción, Potosí, by Santos Abril y Castelló, titular archbishop of de Tamada, apostolic nuncio to Bolivia, assisted by Edmundo Luis Flavio Abastoflor Montero, bishop of Potosi, and by Jesús Agustin López de Lama, bishop-prelate of Corocoro. Named bishop prelate of Corocoro, June 4, 1992. Resigned the prelature, June 29, 2012.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Gioacchino ed Anna al Tuscolano in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, therefore, he was not eligible to participate in a conclave. Took possession of his title on Saturday October 13, 2018 at 6:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; El papa Francisco nombra al boliviano Toribio Ticona como nuevo Cardenal, El Deber, Santa Cruz, 20/05/2018; De limpiabotas a repartidor de diarios: Quién es el recién nombrado Cardenal de Bolivia by Giselle Vargas, ACI Prensa, 21 de mayo de 2018 9:32 pm; Cardenal electo en Bolivia desmiente que tenga mujer e hijos: Es una calumnia by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI Prensa, 29 de mayo de 2018 12:20 pm; La verdad sobre las graves acusaciones contra el nuevo Cardenal de Bolivia by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI Prensa, 27 de junio de 2018 8:00 pm; Tra i più poveri della Bolivia. A colloquio con il cardinale Toribio Ticona Porco by Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, 17 luglio 2018.

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(75) 14. BOCOS MERINO, C.M.F., Aquilino (1938-

Birth. May 17, 1938, Canillas de Esgueva, archdiocese of Valladolid, Spain.

Education. Joined the Congregation of Missionary Sons of Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) in the postulancy house of Segovia on August 28, 1950; initial studies at the minor seminary of Aranda de Duero; continued his studies in other seminaries of his Order. He emitted his religious profession in 1956 in Sigüenza. He obtained a diploma in theology at the University of Salamanca.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 23, 1963, Salamanca, Spain. Provincial superior of his order. Superior General of his Order from 1991 to 2003. President of the Federación Española de Religiosos de Enseñanza (FERE). In 1994, he participated in the Synod of Bishops for the consecrated life. From 1994 to 2004, he was a member of the Congregation for the Consecrated LIfe. He has published numerous books and articles in many journals.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Urusi on May 31, 2018. Consecrated, Saturday June 16, 2018, in the Parish of San Antonio María Claret, Madrid, at noon, by Cardenal Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F., archbishop emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela, assisted by Cardinal Carlos Osoro Sierra, archbishop of Madrid, and by Cardinal Ricardo Blázquez Pérez, archbishop of Valladolid. Present were the Papal Nuncio in Spain, Renzo Fratini; and other bishops.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Lucia del Gonfalone in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, therefore, he was not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Photographa and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; Letter of John Paul II to the Claretian Superior General, Warsaw, the feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, 12 June 1999, Libreria Editrice Vaticana; P. Aquilino Bocos, 50 años de sacerdocio misionero by Father Luis Alberto Díez González, C.M.F., Claretian Missionaries; Publicaciones Claretianas; P. Aquilino Bocos Merino, C.M.F.: 50 Años de Sacerdocio by Father Fernando Prado, C.M.F., masdecerca.com; photograph and biography, in English, CMF, with video; photograph and biographical data, Misioneros Claretianos; My encounters with Claret by Aquilino Bocos Merino, C.M.F., Claretian Spirituality Center, 29 de mayo de 2017; Colegio Cardenalicio: Un sacerdote claretiano nombrado cardenal by Anne Kuriam, Zenit, mayo 24, 2018 09:30; Newly named Spanish cardinal vows to promote religious life by Jonathan Luxmoore, The Boston Pilot, Oxford, England, CNS, 5/29/2018; El claretiano cardenal electo Aquilino Bocos ha sido ordenado obispo, Ecclesia Digital, 16 de junio de 2018; Celebran en Madrid ordenación episcopal del futuro Cardenal Aquilino Bocos, ACI Prensa, 18 de junio de 2018 10:45 am; Nuevos cardenales: el color púrpura significa misión: monseñor Ladaria y padre Bocos by Patricia Ynestroza, Ecclesia Digital, Ciudad del Vaticano, 26 de junio de 2018, with video; Card. Aquilino Bocos: “El Papa quiere que haya testigos y no sólo maestros” by Renato Martinez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 27 junio 2018, 11:44, with video Así explican su misión 3 de los nuevos Cardenales creados por el Papa, ACI Prensa, 28 de junio de 2018 11:03 am.


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