The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Consistories for the creation of Cardinals
21st Century (2005-)


Benedict XVI (2005-2013) Francis (2013-
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Benedict XVI (2005-2013)

March 24, 2006 (I)
(1) 1.
William Joseph Levada, archbishop emeritus of San Francisco, United States, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
(2) 2. Franc Rodé, C.M., archbishop emeritus of Ljubljana, Slovenia, prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life.
(3) 3. Agostino Vallini, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Albano, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.
(4) 4. Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela.
(5) 5. Gaudencio Borbon Rosales, archbishop of Manila, Philippines.
(6) 6. Jean-Pierre Ricard, archbishop of Bordeaux, France.
(7) 7. Antonio Cañizares Llovera, archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
(8) 8. Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk, archbishop of Seoul, South Korea.
(9) 9. Seán Patrick O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., archbishop of Boston, United States of America.
(10) 10. Stanisław Dziwisz, archbishop of Kraków, Poland.
(11) 11. Carlo Caffarra, archbishop of Bologna, Italy. + September 6, 2017.
(12) 12. Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B., bishop of Hong Kong (Xianggang), China.
(13) 13. Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, titular archbishop of Tuscania, archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome.
(14) 14. Peter Poreku Dery, archbishop emeritus of Tamale, Ghana. + March 6, 2008.
(15) 15. Albert Vanhoye, S.J., rector emeritus of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, and secretary emeritus of the Pontifical Biblical Commission.

Note. The last three cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their creation and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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November 24, 2007 (II)
(16) 1.
Leonardo Sandri, titular archbishop of Cittanova, prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.
(17) 2. John Patrick Foley, titular archbishop of Neapoli di Proconsolare, pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, president emeritus of the Pontifical Council of Social Communications. + December 11, 2011.
(18) 3. Giovanni Lajolo, titular archbishop of Cesariana, president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City and president of the Governatorato of the same state.
(19) 4. Paul Josef Cordes, titular archbishop of Naisso, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.
(20) 5. Angelo Comastri, archbishop-prelate emeritus of Loreto, archpriest of the papal basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, vicar general of His Holiness for the State of Vatican City, and president of the Fabric of St. Peter's.
(21) 6. Stanisław Ryłko, titular archbishop of Novica, president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.
(22) 7. Raffaele Farina, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Oderzo, archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
(23) 8. Agustín García-Gasco Vicente, archbishop of Valencia, Spain. + May 1, 2011.
(24) 9. Seán Baptist Brady, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland.
(25) 10. Lluís Martínez Sistach, archbishop of Barcelona, Spain.
(26) 11. André Vingt-Trois, archbishop of Paris, France.
(27) 12. Angelo Bagnasco, archbishop of Genoa, Italy.
(28) 13. Théodore-Adrien Sarr, archbishop of Dakar, Sénégal.
(29) 14. Oswald Gracias, archbishop of Bombay, India.
(30) 15. Francisco Robles Ortega, archbishop of Monterrey, México.
(31) 16. Daniel Nicholas DiNardo, archbishop of Galveston-Houston, United States of America.
(32) 17. Odilo Pedro Scherer, archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil.
(33) 18. John Njue, archbishop of Nairobi, Kenya.
(34) 19. Emmanuel III Delly, patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, Iraq. + April 8, 2014.
(35) 20. Giovanni Coppa, titular archbishop of Serta, apostolic nuncio. + May 16, 2016.
(36) 21. Estanislao Esteban Karlic, archbishop emeritus of Paraná, Argentina.
(37) 22. Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J., former rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University. + November 22, 2010.
(38) 23. Umberto Betti, O.F.M., former rector of the Pontifical Lateran University. + April 1, 2009.

Note 1. The last five cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.
Note 2. The pope also announced that he intended to elevate Ignacy Ludwik Jeż, bishop emeritus of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg, Poland, to the cardinalate but he died unexpectedly the day before, October 16, 2007.

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November 20, 2010 (III)
(39) 1.
Angelo Amato, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Sila, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints.
(40) 2. Antonios Naguib, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt.
(41) 3. Robert Sarah, archbishop emeritus of Conakry, Guinea, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum.
(42) 4. Francesco Monterisi, titular archbishop of Alba marittima, archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le Mura.
(43) 5. Fortunato Baldelli, titular archbishop of Bevagna, penitentiary major. + September 20, 2012.
(44) 6. Raymond Leo Burke, archbishop emeritus of St. Louis, United States of America, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.
(45) 7. Kurt Koch, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Basel, Switzerland, president of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity.
(46) 8. Paolo Sardi, titular archbishop of Sutri, pro-patron of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.
(47) 9. Mauro Piacenza, titular archbishop of Vittoriana, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.
(48) 10. Velasio de Paolis, C.S., titular archbishop of Telepte, president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.
(49) 11. Gianfranco Ravasi, titular archbishop of Villamagna di Proconsolare, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture and of the Pontifical Commissions for the Patrimony of the Church and of Sacred Archeology.
(50) 12. Medardo Joseph Mazombwe, archbishop emeritus of Lusaka, Zambia. + August 29, 2013.
(51) 13. Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga, archbishop emeritus of Quito, Ecuador.
(52) 14. Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, archbishop of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
(53) 15. Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo, Italy.
(54) 16. Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington, United States of America.
(55) 17. Raymundo Damasceno Assis, archbishop of Aparecida, Brazil.
(56) 18. Kazimierz Nycz, archbishop of Warsaw, Poland.
(57) 19. Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, archbishop of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
(58) 20. Reinhard Marx, archbishop of Münich und Freising, Germany.
(59) 21. José Manuel Estepa Llaurens, general military vicar emeritus of Spain.
(60) 22. Elio Sgreccia, former president of the Pontifical Academy for Life.
(61) 23. Walter Brandmüller, former president of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences.
(62) 24. Domenico Bartolucci, maestro emeritus of the Cappella Musicale Pontificia Sistina. + November 11, 2013.

Note. The last four cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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February 18, 2012 (IV)
(63) 1.
Fernando Filoni, titular archbishop of Volturno, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
(64) 2. Manuel Monteiro de Castro, titular archbishop of Benevento, penitentiary major.
(65) 3. Santos Abril y Castelló, archpriest of the papal Liberian basilica and vice camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.
(66) 4. Antonio Maria Vegliò, titular archbishop of Eclano, president of the Pontifical Commission for Migrants and Itinerants.
(67) 5. Giuseppe Bertello, titular archbishop of Urbisaglia, president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City and president of the Governatorato of that state.
(68) 6. Francesco Coccopalmerio, titular archbishop of Celiana, president of the Pontifical Council for the Legislative Texts.
(69) 7. João Braz de Aviz, archbishop emeritus of Brasília, Brazil, prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life.
(70) 8. Edwin Frederick O'Brien, pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem.
(71) 9. Domenico Calcagno, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Savona-Noli, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See.
(72) 10. Giuseppe Versaldi, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Alessandria, Italy, president of the prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.
(73) 11. George Alencherry, archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro Malabars, India.
(74) 12. Thomas Christopher Collins, archbishop of Toronto, Canada.
(75) 13. Dominik Duka, O.P., archbishop of Prague, Czech Republic.
(76) 14. Willem Jacobus Eijk, archbishop of Utrecht, Holland.
(77) 15. Giuseppe Betori, archbishop of Florence, Italy.
(78) 16. Timothy Michael Dolan, archbishop of New York, United States of America.
(79) 17. Rainer Maria Woelki, archbishop of Berlin, Germany.
(80) 18. John Tong Hon, bishop of Hong Kong, China.
(81) 19. Lucian Mureşan, archbishop major of Făgăras şi Alba Iulia of the Romanians, Romania.
(82) 20. Julien Ries, priest of the diocese of Namur and professor emeritus of religion at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. + February 23, 2013.
(83) 21. Prosper Grech, O.S.A., professor emeritus of several Roman Universities and consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
(84) 22. Karl Josef Becker, S.J., professor emeritus of the Pontifical Gregorian University and for many years consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. + February 10, 2015.

Note. The last four cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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November 24, 2012 (V)
(85) 1.
James Michael Harvey, titular archbishop of Memfi, archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome.
(86) 2. Béchara Boutros Raï, O.M.M., patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon.
(87) 3. Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal, archbishop major of Trivandrum of the Syro-Malankars, India.
(88) 4. John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan, archbishop of Abuja, Nigeria.
(89) 5. Rubén Salazar Gómez, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia.
(90) 6. Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle, archbishop of Manila, Philippines.

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Francis (2013-)

February 22, 2014 (I)
(1) 1.
Pietro Parolin, titular archbishop of Acquapendente, secretary of State.
(2) 2. Lorenzo Baldisseri, titular archbishop of Diocleziana, secretary general of the Synod of Bishops.
(3) 3. Gerhard Ludwig Müller, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Regensburg, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, and president of the International Theological Commission.
(4) 4. Beniamino Stella, titular archbishop of Midila, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.
(5) 5. Vincent Nichols, archbishop of Westminster, England.
(6) 6. Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano, archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua.
(7) 7. Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, of the Secular Institute Pius X, archbishop of Québec, Canada.
(8) 8. Jean-Pierre Kutwa, archbishop of Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
(9) 9. Orani João Tempesta, O. Cist., archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
(10) 10. Gualtiero Bassetti, archbishop of Perugia-Città della Pieve, Italy.
(11) 11. Mario Augusto Poli, archbishop of Buenos Aires, primate of Argentina.
(12) 12 Andrew Yeom Soo jung, archbishop of Seoul, South Korea.
(13) 13. Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B., archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile.
(14) 14. Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo, archbishop of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
(15) 15. Orlando Beltran Quevedo, O.M.I., archbishop of Cotabato, Philippines.
(16) 16. Chibly Langlois, bishop of Les Cayes, Haïti.
(17) 17. Loris Francesco Capovilla, titular archbishop of Messembria, former prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate to the Shrine Lauretano. + May 26, 2016.
(18) 18. Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F., archbishop emeritus of Pamplona, Spain.
(19) 19. Kelvin Edward Felix, archbishop emeritus of Castries, Saint Lucia.

Note. The last three cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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February 14, 2015 (II)
(20) 1.
Dominique Mamberti, titular archbishop of Sagona, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.
(21) 2. Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal.
(22) 3. Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel, C.M., archbishop of Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.
(23) 4. John Atcherley Dew, archbishop of Wellington, New Zealand.
(24) 5. Edoardo Menichelli, archbishop of Ancona-Osimo, Italy.
(25) 6. Pierre Nguyễn Van Nhơn, archbishop of Hà Nội, Việt Nam.
(26) 7. Alberto Suárez Inda, archbishop of Morelia, México.
(27) 8. Charles Maung Bo, S.D.B., archbishop of Yangon, Myanmar.
(28) 9. Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij, archbishop of Bangkok, Thailand.
(29) 10. Francesco Montenegro, archbishop of Agrigento, Italy.
(30) 11. Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet, S.D.B., archbishop of Montevideo, Uruguay.
(31) 12. Ricardo Blázquez Pérez, archbishop of Valladolid, Spain.
(32) 13. José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán, O.A.R., bishop of David, Panamá.
(33) 14. Arlindo Gomes Furtado, bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde, Archipelago of Cabo Verde.
(34) 15. Soane Patita Paini Mafi, bishop of Tonga, Island of Tonga.
(35) 16. José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez, archbishop emeritus of Manizales, Colombia.
(36) 17. Luigi De Magistris, titular archbishop of Nova, pro-penitentiary major emeritus.
(37) 18. Karl-Joseph Rauber, titular archbishop of Giubalziana, apostolic nuncio.
(38) 19. Luis Héctor Villalba, archbishop emeritus of Tucumán, Argentina.
(39) 20. Júlio Duarte Langa, bishop emeritus of Xai-Xai, Moçambique.

Note. The last five cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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November 19, 2016 (III)
(40) 1.
Mario Zenari, titular archbishop of Zuglio, apostolic nuncio in Syria.
(41) 2. Dieudonné Nzapalainga, C.S.Sp., archbishop of Bangui, Central African Republic.
(42) 3. Carlos Osoro Sierra, archbishop of Madrid, Spain.
(43) 4. Sérgio da Rocha, archbishop of Brasília, Brazil.
(44) 5. Blase Joseph Cupich, archbishop of Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.
(45) 6. Patrick D’Rozario, C.S.C., archbishop of Dhaka, Bangladesh.
(46) 7. Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo, archbishop of Mérida, Venezuela.
(47) 8. Jozef De Kesel, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels, Belgium.
(48) 9. Maurice Piat, C.S.Sp., bishop of Port-Louis, Mauritius.
(49) 10. Kevin Joseph Farrell, prefect of the Dicastery for the Lay, Family and Life.
(50) 11. Carlos Aguiar Retes, archbishop of Tlalnepantla, México.
(51) 12. John Ribat, M.S.C., archbishop of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
(52) 13. Joseph William Tobin, C.SS.R., archbishop of Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America (1).
(53) 14. Anthony Soter Fernandez, archbishop emeritus of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(54) 15. Renato Corti, bishop emeritus of Novara, Italy.
(55) 16. Sebastian Koto Khoarai, O.M.I., bishop emeritus of Mohale’s Hoek, Lesotho.
(56) 17. Ernest Simoni, priest of the archdiocese of Scutari (Shkodrë-Pult), Albania.

(1). On November 7, 2016, the pope transferred to the archdiocese of Newark, New Jersey, United States of America; he took possession of the see on January 6, 2017.

Note. The last four cardinals were older than 80 years at the time of their elevation, and, therefore, do not have the right to participate in the conclave.

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June 28, 2107 (IV)
(57) 1.
Jean Zerbo, archbishop of Bamako, Mali.
(58) 2. José José Omella Omella, archbishop of Barcelona, Spain.
(59) 3. Anders Arborelius, O.C.D., bishop of Stockholm, Sweden.
(60) 4. Louis Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun, I.V.D., Apostolic administrator, sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of the apostolic vicariate of Vientiane, Laos.
(61) 5. Gregorio Rosa Chávez, titular bishop of Mulli, auxiliary of San Salvador, El Salvador.

SUMMARY
Benedict XVI (2005-2013) - created 90 cardinals in 5 consistories
Francis (2013-) - has created 61 cardinals in 4 consistories
Total - 151 cardinals in 9 consistories

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