The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Living cardinals arranged by date of creation

Pope John Paul II Pope Benedict XVI Pope Francis
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Cardinals created by Pope John Paul II (82)

June 30, 1979 (1)
Roger Etchegaray

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February 2, 1983 (4)
Michael Michai Kitbunchu
Alexandre do Nascimento
Godfried Danneels
Thomas Stafford Williams

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May 25, 1985 (8)
Francis Arinze
Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B.
Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz
Jozef Tomko
Paul Poupard
Friedrich Wetter
Adrianus Johannes Simonis
Bernard Francis Law

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June 28, 1988 (5)
Eduardo Martínez Somalo
Achille Silvestrini
José Freire Falcão
Alexandre José Maria dos Santos, O.F.M.
Christian Wyghan Tumi

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June 28, 1991 (6)
Angelo Sodano
Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez
Roger Michael Mahony
Camillo Ruini
Henri Schwery
Edward Idris Cassidy

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November 26, 1994 (7)
Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir
Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, S.J.
Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino
Emmanuel Wamala
Adam Joseph Maida
Vinko Puljić
Juan Sandoval Íñiguez

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February 21, 1998 (11)
Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez
Darío Castrillón Hoyos
James Francis Stafford
Salvatore De Giorgi
Serafim Fernandes de Araújo
Antonio María Rouco Varela
Polycarp Pengo
Christoph Schönborn, O.P.
Norberto Rivera Carrera
Marian Jaworski
Jānis Pujats

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February 21, 2001 (19)
Giovanni Battista Re
Agostino Cacciavillan
Sergio Sebastiani
Zenon Grochołewski
José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F.
Crescenzio Sepe
Walter Kasper
Geraldo Majella Agnelo
Pedro Rubiano Sáenz
Theodore Edgar McCarrick
Audrys Juozas Bačkis
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt
Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M.
Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B.
Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne
Francisco Álvarez Martínez
Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M.
Severino Poletto
Karl Lehmann

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October 21, 2003 (21)
Jean-Louis Tauran
Renato Raffaele Martino
Julián Herranz Casado
Javier Lozano Barragán
Angelo Scola
Anthony Olubunmi Okogie
Gabriel Zubeir Wako
Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M.
Justin Francis Rigali
Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien
Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I.
Ennio Antonelli
Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B.
Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson
Telesphore Placidus Toppo
George Pell
Josip Bozanić
Jean Baptiste Pham Minh Mân
Philippe Barbarin
Péter Erdő
Marc Ouellet, P.S.S.

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Cardinals created by Pope Benedict XVI (76)

March 24, 2006 (13)
William Joseph Levada
Franc Rodé, C.M.
Agostino Vallini
Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino
Gaudencio Borbon Rosales
Jean-Pierre Ricard
Antonio Cañizares Llovera
Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk
Seán Patrick O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap.
Stanisław Dziwisz
Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B.
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo
Albert Vanhoye, S.J.

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November 24, 2007 (17)
Leonardo Sandri
Giovanni Lajolo
Paul Josef Cordes
Angelo Comastri
Stanisław Ryłko
Raffaele Farina, S.D.B.
Seán Baptist Brady
Lluís Martínez Sistach
André Vingt-Trois
Angelo Bagnasco
Théodore-Adrien Sarr
Oswald Gracias
Francisco Robles Ortega
Daniel Nicholas DiNardo
Odilo Pedro Scherer
John Njue
Estanislao Esteban Karlic

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November 20, 2010 (20)
Angelo Amato, S.D.B.
Antonios Naguib
Robert Sarah
Francesco Monterisi
Raymond Leo Burke
Kurt Koch
Paolo Sardi
Mauro Piacenza
Gianfranco Ravasi
Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga
Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya
Paolo Romeo
Donald William Wuerl
Raymundo Damasceno Assis
Kazimierz Nycz
Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don
Reinhard Marx
José Manuel Estepa Llaurens
Elio Sgreccia
Walter Brandmüller

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February 18, 2012 (20)
Fernando Filoni
Manuel Monteiro de Castro
Santos Abril y Castelló
Antonio Maria Vegliò
Giuseppe Bertello
Francesco Coccopalmerio
João Braz de Aviz
Edwin Frederick O'Brien
Domencio Calcagno
Giuseppe Versaldi
George Alencherry
Thomas Christopher Collins
Dominik Jaroslav Duka, O.P.
Willem Jacobus Eijk
Giuseppe Betori
Timothy Michael Dolan
Rainer Maria Woelki
John Tong Hon
Lucian Mureşan
Prosper Grech, O.S.A.

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November 24, 2012 (6)
James Michael Harvey
Béchara Boutros Raï, O.M.M.
Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal
John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan
Rubén Salazar Gómez
Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle

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Cardinals created by Pope Francis (60)

February 22, 2014 (18)
Pietro Parolin
Lorenzo Baldisseri
Gerhard Ludwig Müller
Beniamino Stella
Vincent Gerard Nichols
Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano
Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, of the Secular Institute Pius X
Jean-Pierre Kutwa
Orani João Tempesta, O.Cist.
Gualtiero Bassetti
Mario Aurelio Poli
Andrew Yeom Soo-jung
Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B.
Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo
Orlando Beltran Quevedo, O.M.I.
Chibly Langlois
Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F.
Kelvin Edward Felix

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February 14, 2015 (20)
Dominique Mamberti
Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente
Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel, C.M.
John Atcherley Dew
Edoardo Menichelli
Pierre Nguyễn Van Nhơn
Alberto Suárez Inda
Charles Maung Bo, S.D.B.
Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij
Francesco Montenegro
Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet, S.D.B.
Ricardo Blázquez Pérez
José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuan, O.A.R.
Arlindo Gomes Furtado
Soane Patita Paini Mafi
José de Jesús Pimiento Rodríguez
Luigi De Magistris
Karl-Joseph Rauber
Luis Héctor Villalba
Júlio Duarte Langa

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November 19, 2016 (17)
Dieudonné Nzapalainga, C.S.Sp.
Carlos Osoro Sierra
Sérgio da Rocha
Blase Joseph Cupich
Patrick D’Rozario, C.S.C.
Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo
Jozef De Kesel
Maurice Piat, C.S.Sp.
Carlos Aguiar Retes
John Ribat, M.S.C.
Joseph William Tobin, C.SS.R.
Anthony Soter Fernandez
Renato Corti
Sebastian Koto Khoarai, O.M.I.
Mario Zenari
Kevin Joseph Farrell
Ernest Simoni

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June 28, 2017 (5)
Jean Zerbo
Juan José Omella Omella
Anders Arbosrelius, O.C.D.
Louis Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun, I.D.V>
Gregorio Rosa Chávez, C.S.C.

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SUMMARY
John Paul II - 82
Benedict XVI - 76
Francis - 60
TOTAL - 218

Last update: November 12, 2017

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