Birth. September 30, 1884, Vigo de Cadore, diocese of Belluno, Italy. Son of Giuseppe Piazza and Elisabetta Nicolò.
Education. Entered the Carmelite school in Treviso, 1897; received the sacrament of confirmation, 1898; received the religious habit, August 6, 1902; emitted the religious vows, August 7, 1903; served in the medical corps in the Italian army in Trevso, 1904-1906; went to Venice to study theology; emitted the solemn vows, August 7, 1907; received the minor orders from Bishop Andrea Giacinto Longhini of Treviso.
Priesthood. Ordained, December 19, 1908, Venice, by Cardinal Aristide Cavallari, patriarch of Venice. Finished the theological studies in 1910. Faculty member of Carmelite houses of studies in San Vigilio, Adro and Brescia, 1909-1914. Returned to Venice in 1914 and taught letters at a lyceum. Prior of the Carmelite convent of Tombetta Veronese, 1915. During the First World War, 1915-1919, he was military chaplain of the 21st Regiment of Cavalry of Padua; and later, chaplain at the military hospital of Montecatini. Elected prior of the Carmelite novitiate of Brescia, 1919-1921. Elected prior of the convent and school of Adrio, 1921. Secretary of the Superior General of his order, Rome, 1922-1925. General procurator of his order, 1925-1930.
Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Benevento, January 29, 1930. Consecrated, February 24, 1930, church of S. Teresa al Corso d`Italia, Rome, by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, bishop of Velletri, vicar general of Rome and its district, assisted by Cardinal Raffaele Carlo Rossi, O.C.D., secretary of the S.C. Consistorial, and by Pio Marcello Bagnoli, O.C.D., bishop of Marsi. His episcopal motto was Ut sint unum. He solemnly entered the archdiocese on the following March 23. Promoted to the patriarchate of Venice, December 16, 1935.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, December 13, 1937; received red hat and title of S. Prisca, December 16, 1937. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Secretary of the S.C. Consistorial, October 1, 1948. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto, March 14, 1949. Papal legate to the centennial celebration of Sant'Agata, Catania, Sicily, Italy, July 30, 1951; to the National Marian Congress, São Paulo, Brazil, July 30, 1954; to the First General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Rio de Janeiro, July 25 to August 4, 1955; to the celebrations for the finding of the mortal remains of Saint Nicholas of Myra, Bari, Italy, April 16, 1957. From 1953 to 1954, he was president of the Italian Episcopal Conference. Superior general of the Scalabrinian Fathers (Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo); as superior, he visited various missions such that many referred to him as "the Cardinal of the emigrants". He was a gifted musician, poet, orator and writer.
Death. November 30, 1957, at night, of pneumonia following two cerebral strokes, after a five-day illness, in Rome. Buried, Carmelite church of S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia, Rome.
Bibliography. Di Franca, Mario, Una porpora bianca. Modena : Edizioni Paoline, 1958; Niero, Antonio. I patriarchi di Venezia. Da Lorenzo Giustiniani ai nostri giorni. Venice : Studium Cattolico Veneziano, 1961. (Collana Storica, 3), pp. 213-217and 258; Urbani, Giovanni. Il Cardinale Adeodato G. Piazza. Venice : Fondazione Giorgio Cini, 1958; Zarra, Titta. Una roccia del Cadore : il Cardinale Adeodato Giovanni Piazza. Roma : Editrice "Cor Unum", 1968.
Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; biography, in German, Wikipedia; his photograph and biography by Mr. Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; photographs, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Lettera di Sua Santità Pio XII a Sua Eminenza Rev.ma il Signor Cardinale Adeodato Giovanni Piazza. patriarca di Venezia, presidente della Commissione Episcopale per l'Azione Cattolica Italiana, Discorsi e Radiomessaggi di Sua Santità Pio XII, VIII, Ottavo anno di Pontificato, 2 marzo 1946 - 1º marzo 1947, pp. 467-469, Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana.
Birth. March 27, 1876, Camaiore, archdiocese of Lucca, Italy.
Education. Studied at the Seminary of Lucca; at the Pontifical Roman Academy of S. Tommaso d'Aquino, Rome; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome; and at the Vatican School of Paleogrophy and Diplomacy.
Priesthood. Ordained, September 24, 1898, Lucca. Pastoral ministry in Lucca and faculty member of its seminary, 1898-1917. Military chaplain in the First World War, 1917-1918. Secretary to the nuncio in Poland, 1918. Auditor in the nunciature in Poland, 1919-1922. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 29, 1919. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, February 22, 1922.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Adana, May 24, 1922. Appointed nuncio in Yugoslavia, May 29, 1922. Consecrated, June 18, 1922, church of S. Maria in Portico a Campitelli, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, secretary of State, assisted by Giovanni Maria Zonghi, titular archbishop of Colosse, president of the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, and by Giovanni Volpi, titular archbishop of Antiochia di Pisidia. His episcopal motto was Fide Tutior. Papal legate to the National Eucharistic Congress, Zagreb, Yugoslavia, July 30, 1930.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, December 13, 1937; received the red hat and the title of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna, December 16, 1937. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII.
Death. March 29, 1943, he was rushed from the Palace of the Holy Office to a Roman hospital where he passed away following a delicate operation. Buried in the collegiate church of Camaiore (1).
Bibliography. Il cardinale Ermenegildo Pellegrinetti nel centenario della nascita 1876-1976. Pescia : Stamperia Benedetti, 1977; Pellegrinetti, Ermenegildo. Vincenzo Pallotti un apostolo di Roma. Con 6 tavole fuori testo. Rome : Reale Istituto di Studi Romani, 1942; Pellegrinetti, Ermenegildo ; Natalini, Terzo. I diari del cardinale Ermenegildo Pellegrinetti, 1916-1922. Città del Vaticano : Archivio Vaticano, 1994. (Collectanea Archivi Vaticani, 35). Other title: Diari del card. E. Pellegrinetti.
Webgraphy. Photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana; I diari del cardinale Ermenegildo Pellegrinetti, 1916-1922. A cura di Terzo Natalini. Città del Vaticano : Archivio Vaticano, 1994. Hathi Trust Digital Library (Limited access).
(1) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta::
Birth. August 25, 1865, Carlton in Yorkshire, Selby, diocese of Leeds, England. Second of the four children of Thomas Hinsley, a local carpenter, and his wife, Bridget Ryan, from Ireland. The other children were Charles Joseph, Annie Elizabeth and Alfred Thomas. He received the sacrament of confirmation from Bishop Robert Cornthwaite of Beverly on October 11, 1874; his confirmation sponsor was Thomas Himsworth.
Education. Studied at Ushaw College, Durham, from 1876; then, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; and later at the Pontifical Roman Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas, Rome.
Priesthood. Ordained, December 23; 1893, Rome. Faculty member of Ushaw College, 1893-1897. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Westminster, 1898. Headmaster of St. Bede's Grammar School, 1899-1904. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Westminster, 1904-1917. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, November 14, 1917. Rector of the Venerable English College, Rome, 1917-1930.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sebastopoli, August 10, 1926. Consecrated, November 30, 1926, chapel of the English College, Rome, by Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val, secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office, assisted by Giuseppe Palica, titular archbishop of Filippi, and by Peter Emmanuel Amigo, bishop of Southwark. Apostolic visitor to British Africa, December 10, 1927. Promoted to titular archbishop of Sardes and appointed apostolic delegate to the British missions in Africa that were not under the jurisdiction of the apostolic delegates in Egypt, Belgian Congo, and South Africa, January 9, 1930. Resigned the delegation, March 25, 1934. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, March 29, 1934. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Westminster, April 1, 1935.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 13, 1937; received the red hat and the title of S. Susanna, December 16, 1937. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII.
Death. March 17, 1943, at 7:20 a.m., of a heart attack when he was already nearly blind and deaf, at his country home in Buntingford, Hertfordshire, near London; at his death, he was assisted by his first secretary, Monsignor Aubrey Valentine Denis Elwes and the members of his household. Buried in the chapel of Saint Joseph in the metropolitan cathedral of Westminster in London (1).
Bibliography. Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, p. 149-150, 153-159, 161, 163, 169 and 178; Hagerty, James. Cardinal Hinsley: priest and patriot. Oxford : Family Publications, 2008. Contents: From boyhood to priesthood, 1865-1900 -- The headmaster, 1900-1904 -- On the mission, 1904-1917 -- Rector of the Venerabile, 1917-1930 -- Catholic missions and colonial policy -- Apostolic visitor, 1928-1930 -- Imposing Vatican policy -- Larger fields and wider horizons, 1930-1934 -- Building the African church -- 'Habemus Ducem' : Archbishop of Westminster, 1935 -- Settling in, 1935-1937 -- International affairs, 1936-1939 -- Domestic affairs, 1935-1943 -- A bishop in wartime, 1939-1943 -- The cross and the flag, 1939-1943 -- Ireland, exiles and Jews, 1935-1943; Heenan, John Carmel. Cardinal Hinsley. London : Burns, Oates, and Washbourne, Ltd., 1944; Moloney, Thomas. Westminster, Whitehall and the Vatican. The role of Cardinal Hinsley, 1935-43. Foreword by Cardinal Basil , O.S.B. Tunbridge Wells, Kent : Burns & Oates, 1985; Schofield, Nicholas ; Skinner, Gerard. The English cardinals. Oxford, UK : Family Publications, 2007, p. 194-198; Walsh, Michael J. The Westminster cardinals : the past and the future. London ; New York : Burns & Oates, 2008, p. 111-134.
Webgraphy. His portrait and biography, in English, archdiocese of Westminster; his photograph and biography, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; his photographs and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Mark West, from London, England:
Birth. July 13, 1877, Savona, Italy. He had three sisters.
Education. Studied at the Seminary of Savona; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome; and at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy).
Priesthood. Ordained, September 19, 1903, Rome. Further studies, 1903-1907. Pastoral ministry in Rome, 1908-1909; 1912-1930. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1908-1909. Secretary of the nunciature in Bavaria and privy chamberlain of His Holiness, June 7, 1909. Minutant in the Secretariat of State, 1912-1920. Reappointed privy chamberlain of His Holiness, September 7, 1914. Undersecretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, September 27, 1920. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, May 4, 1921. Substitute of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs and secretary of the Cipher, May 7, 1921. Ecclesiastical Assistant of the Central Committee of the Italian Catholic Action, October 9, 1923. Apostolic protonotary, January 11, 1927. Secretary of the S.C. for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, June 8, 1929.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Cirro, March 28, 1930. Transferred to titular see of Nicea, April 22, 1930. Consecrated, April 27, 1930, altar of the Chair of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, secretary of State and archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, assisted by Giuseppe Palica, titular archbishop of Filippi, vice-gerent of Rome, and by Francesco Marchetti Selvaggiani, titular archbishop of Seleuci d'Isauria, secretary of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. President of the Pontifical Commission for Russia, December 21, 1934. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 19, 1936. Papal envoy to the coronation of King George VI of England, May 12, 1937.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, December 13, 1937; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Via Lata, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, December 16, 1937. President of the Central Committee of the Italian Catholic Action, March 28, 1938. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Prefect of the S.C. for Seminaries and Universities from March 14, 1939 until January 13, 1968. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano, June 21, 1948. Protector of the Pontifical North American College, Rome, 1948-1970. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office, February 16, 1951 to November 7, 1959. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 16, 1961 until March 19, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. Vice-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 29, 1965. Cardinal bishop of title of the suburbicarian see of Albano, November 17, 1966 (1). Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1966 until March 19, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Resigned the prefecture and was named prefect emeritus, January 13, 1968.
Death. August 1, 1970, in his Roman residence. Buried in the crypt built beneath the sacristy of the parish church of S. Giuseppe in Frattocchie, Rome. His three sisters are also buried there. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
Webgraphy. Photographs, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
(1) The motu proprio Suburbicariis sedibus, issued by Pope John XXIII on April 11, 1962, established that the cardinal bishops would have no ordinary jurisdiction over their suburbicarian sees. These dioceses were to be ruled by bishops with complete and independent ordinary power; cardinal bishops would only retain the title of the see. The disposition applied only to the cardinal bishops appointed in 1961 and later. The others, Cardinals Eugène Tisserant, Clemente Micara, Benedetto Aloisi Masella and Giuseppe Pizzardo, retained the denomination of bishops of their sees. On November 17, 1966, they were listed as bishops of the title of their suburbicarian sees in Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 1967, except Cardinal Micara, who had died in 1965.
Birth. January 14, 1880, rue de la Pompe n° 14 (now rue Carnot), Versailles, France. His father, Guillaume Eugène Gerlier, was Inspecteur des Postes; his mother was Louise Henriette Anna Fliche. He was baptized summarily on January 15, 1880 and received the additional ceremonies (in Latin Suppleta) in the Church of Notre Dame of Versailles on May 18, 1880. His baptismal name was Pierre Paul Marie. Great-grand-nephew of Saint Catherine de Gênes.
Education. Initial studies at Collège of Saint Lô, where he was condisciple of Georges-François-Xavier-Marie Grente, future cardinal; École Fontanes, Paris; Faculty of Law, University of Bordeaux (thesis on the contract of labor); in 1912 he inscribed himself as a lawyer and worked at the court of appeal of Paris; entered the Grand Seminary of Issy-les-Moulineaux on December 8, 1913; interrupted his theological studies because of the First World War; Seminary of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.
Early life. Adjudant in the 104th infantry regiment in the French Army during the First World War; wounded on September 16, 1914, during the battle of Marne, and captured by the enemy; imprisoned first in Cologne and later in Celle, Hannover; after some time in Switzerland, he was sent back to France and demobilized on March 14, 1919; decorated with the Croix de Guerre. He then reentered the Seminary of Issy-les-Moulineaux; received the diaconate on Dececember 18, 1920, from Cardinal Louis-Ernest Dubois, archbishop of Paris, in the Church Saint-Sulpice, in Paris.
Priesthood. Ordained, July 29, 1921, by Cardinal Louis-Ernest Dubois, in the Church Saint-Sulpice, Paris. Pastoral ministry and director of Catholic Works in the archdiocese of Paris, 1921-1929.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes, May 14, 1929. Consecrated, July 2, 1929, metropolitan cathedral of Paris, by Cardinal Louis-Ernest Dubois, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Benjamin Roland-Gosselin, titular bishop of Mosinopoli, coadjutor of Versailles, and by Maurice Dubourg, bishop of Marseille. His episcopal motto was Ad Jesum per Mariam. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lyon, July 30, 1937.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 13, 1937; received the red hat and the title of Ss.ma Trinità al Monte Pincio, December 16, 1937. Participated in the conclave of 1939, which elected Pope Pius XII. Papal legate to the National Marian Congress, Lyon, June 13, 1954. In 1954, he was decorated with the Légion d'Honneur by President Rene Coty. Participated in the conclave of 1958, which elected Pope John XXIII. Papal legate to the National Eucharistic Congress, Lyon, July 5, 1959. Attended the first three sessions of the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Participated in the conclave of 1963, which elected Pope Paul VI. He was titular of the Médaille militaire and of the Cross of 1914-18's War.
Death. January 17, 1965, of a heart attack, in the archiepiscopal palace of Lyon. Buried in the choir of the metropolitan cathedral Saint-Jean of Lyon.
Bibliography. Barbier, Jean. Le cardinal Gerlier. Roanne/Le Coteau : Horvath, 1987; Berthod, Bernard; Ladous, Régis. Cardinal Gerlier : (1880-1965). Lyon : LUGD, 1995; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 315-316; Comte, B. Les Théologiens lyonnais et la persécution contre les juifs : table ronde tenue le 20 janvier 1993 en commémoration de la protestation du Cardinal Gerlier en september 1942. Lyon : Associations des facultis catholiques de Lyon : Université catholique de Lyon, 1994; Pierre-Marie Gerlier : Archevêque de Lyon : 1880-1965. Lyon : Éditions Lyonnaise d'Art et d'Histoire, 1987.
Webgraphy. Photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.
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