The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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L'antica e venerabile Basilica, motu proprio, May 31, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

New norms for the renewal of the worship practiced in the Pontifical Basilica of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, for its administration and for its extratorritorial complex. The pope named archpriest of the basilica Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, titular archbishop of Tuscania. The archpriests of the other three major basilicas of Rome, Lateran, Vatican and Liberian, have been cardinals since ancient times.

Source: Vatican Press Office Bulletin, May 31, 2005.

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De Basilicis Sancti Francisci et Sanctæ Mariæ Angelorum, motu proprio, November 9, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

The document contains new dispositions for the Basilica of San Francesco and the annexed Sacro Convento; as well as for the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Assisi. The pope established in number I of the document that a cardinal will be his legate to both basilicas and convent. He will not have jurisdiction but will have the task to perpetuate with his moral authority the close ties of communion between the sacred places dedicated to the memory of the Poverello and the Apostolic See. The cardinal will be able to impart the papal blessing in the celebrations that he will preside in occasion of the greater liturgical solemnities.

Source: Vatican Press Office Bulletin, November 9, 2005.

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De aliquibus mutationibus, motu proprio, June 11, 2007, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013)

Made public on June 26, 2007 was a motu proprio concerning the election of the Supreme Pontiff, written in Latin, with which the Pope Benedict XVI restored the traditional norm concerning the majority required for the election of the Supreme Pontiff. According to this norm, in order for the election of a new pope to be considered valid it is always necessary to reach a majority of two thirds of the cardinals present.

With this document, Pope Benedict XVI substitutes the norm established by Pope John Paul II who, in his 1996 apostolic constitution Universi Dominici Gregis, laid down that the valid quorum for electing a new pope was initially two thirds but that, after three days of voting without an election, there would be a day dedicated to reflection and prayer, without voting. Thereafter, voting would resume for seven additional ballots, another pause for reflection, another seven ballots, another pause and yet another seven ballots. After which an absolute majority was to decide how to proceed, either for a vote by absolute majority or with balloting between two candidates. This was to happen only in the event that the cardinals arrived at the 33rd or 34th ballot without a positive result.

Source: Vatican Press Office Bulletin, June 26, 2007. Text in French.

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The new titles of S. Maria della Presentazione, Preziossisimo Sangue di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo, and S. Lino; and the new deaconries of S. Lorenzo in Piscibus, S. Salvatore in Lauro, and S. Ponziano were established, November 23, 2007, Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

When the pope celebrated a consistory to create 23 new cardinals, he assigned these new titles and deaconries to some of those prelates.

Source: Vatican Press Office, November 24, 2007.

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Ecclesiae Unitatem, motu proprio, July 2, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

Made public on July 9, 2009, the document, written in Latin and Italian, unites the presidency of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei" with the office of prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

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Apostolic Letter "Motu Proprio data" Ubicumque et semper, establishing the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization, September 21, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

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The new title of S. Corbiniano and the new deaconry of S. Paolo alle Tre Fontane were established, November 20, 2010, Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

When the pope celebrated a consistory to create 24 new cardinals, he assigned these new titles and deaconries to two of those prelates.

Source: Vatican Press Office, November 20, 2010.

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Apostolic Letter in the form of a "Motu Proprio" for the Prevention and Countering of Illegal Activities in the Area of Monetary and Financial Dealings, December 30, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013).

Source: Vatican Press Office, December 30, 2010.

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Apostolic Letter issued "Motu Proprio" De Nonnullis Mutationibus in Normis ad Electionem Romani Pontificis Attinentibus on certain modifications to the norms governing the election of the Roman Pontiff, February 22, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013). Text in French, Italian, Latin, Portuguese and Spanish.

Source: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, February 22, 2013.

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